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Chala Mine, Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field), Mineralni Bani Obshtina, Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast), Bulgaria

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Name(s) in local language(s):мина Чала, Cпахиевo руднo Поле, Oбщина Минерални бани, Област Хасково, България
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 56' 20'' North , 25° 22' 4'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.93900,25.36800
GeoHash:G#: sx6n96b2m
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


The dumps are bulldozed flat.
Spending some hours on the remaining dumps, it is possible to find some good micromounts.
The way to the mine is destroyed by rain, so it is impossible to go there by car.

Note: Carbonates are very rare in this deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


38 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Description: Tellurian acanthite.
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
'Apatite'
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: http://annual.mgu.bg/2002/en/gpf_en/dokladi_pdf/Dobrev_Strash_a.pdf; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Covellite var: Argentian Covellite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)S
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Enargite var: Argentian Enargite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Reference: Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Faustite var: Cuprofaustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. (1995): Osarizawaite - new mineral for Bulgaria. Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk. 48, 47-50.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://annual.mgu.bg/2002/en/gpf_en/dokladi_pdf/Dobrev_Strash_a.pdf; Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke Collection; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ivan Pojarevski (bulgarianminerals.com) specimens.
Roscherite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/CONFERENCES/Conferencia_2004/pdf_files/Kunov.pdf
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: http://www.bgd.bg/summanual_2002_5.htm; Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
var: Argentian Covellite2.CA.05a(Cu,Ag)S
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
var: Argentian Enargite2.KA.05(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Faustite8.DD.15(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
var: Cuprofaustite8.DD.15(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Roscherite8.DA.10Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Roscherite42.7.7.1Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Faustite42.9.3.3(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Covellite
var: Argentian Covellite
-(Cu,Ag)S
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enargite
var: Argentian Enargite
-(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Faustite
var: Cuprofaustite
-(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
H Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
BeBeryllium
Be RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
O Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Al Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
P Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Covellite (var: Argentian Covellite)(Cu,Ag)S
S Enargite (var: Argentian Enargite)(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
MnManganese
Mn RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu Covellite (var: Argentian Covellite)(Cu,Ag)S
Cu Enargite (var: Argentian Enargite)(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Faustite (var: Cuprofaustite)(Zn,Cu)(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8
Zn Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As Enargite (var: Argentian Enargite)(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Covellite (var: Argentian Covellite)(Cu,Ag)S
Ag Enargite (var: Argentian Enargite)(Cu,Ag)3AsS4
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185279
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Oligocene - Eocene
23.03 - 56 Ma



ID: 3133945
Eocene rhyolite

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 56 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{rhyolite}, Minor{andesite,dacite,basalt group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.
- Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Dobrev, S., Strashimirov, S., Vassileva, M., & Dragiev, H. (2002). Silver and silver-bearing phases from Chala and Pcheloiad deposits (Eastern Rhodopes) and Eniovche deposit (Central Rhodopes). Univ Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski” Annual, 1-6.

External Links



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