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Elatsite Mine (Elacite Mine), Zlatitsa, Zlatitsa Obshtina, Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast), Bulgaria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 45' 0'' North , 24° 1' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.75000,24.03333

Porphyry copper deposit.
Mineral assemblages have homogenization temperatures between 576-​330° and 250-​140° based on fluid inclusions in quartz.

Located about 8 km NW of the Chelopech Mine.

Mineral List

65 valid minerals.


Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 92.73 Ma to 90.86 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)90.86 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)92.73 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

541 - 1000 Ma
Neoproterozoic intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.

Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Bogdanov, B.D. (1983) Porphyry copper deposits of Bulgaria. International Geology Review 25(2), 178–188.

Strashimirov, S. & Kovachev, V. (1992) Temperatures of ore formation of copper deposits from the Srednogorie zone based on fluid inclusion studies of minerals. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 53(2), 1-12 (in Bulgarian).

Petrunov, R., Dragov, P., Ignatov, G., Neykov, H., Iliev, T., Vasileva, N., and Tsatsov, V. (1992) Hydrothermal PGE-mineralization in the Elacite porphyry copper deposit (Sredna Gora metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus of Bulgarian Academy of Science 45(4), 37–40.

Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002) Porphyry-copper mineralisation in the central Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.

Tarkian, M., Hünken, U., Tokmakchieva, M., and Bogdanov, K. (2003) Precious-metal distribution and fluid-inclusion petrography of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 38, 261–281.

Herrington, R.J., First, D.M., and Kozelj, D. (2003) Copper porphyry deposits in Hungary, Serbia, Macedonia, Romania and Bulgaria. In: Kelly, J.G., et al. (eds.): Europe’s major base metal deposits. Irish Association for Economic Geology, pp. 303–321.

Bogdanov, K., Filipov, A., Kehayov, R. (2005) Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.

Von Quadt, A., Peytcheva, I., Fanger, L., and Heinrich, C. (2005) The Elatsite porphyry Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria. Ore Geology Reviews 27, 128–129.

Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

Georgiev, G. (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 46, 143-160.

Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

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