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Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu mine, Akaa, Pirkanmaa, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu mineMine
AkaaMunicipality
PirkanmaaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
61° 9' 11'' North , 23° 34' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kylmäkoski2,647 (2014)5.8km
Urjala5,542 (2014)8.2km
Viiala5,472 (2014)11.8km
Toijala8,300 (2015)13.9km
Akaa8,258 (2017)15.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
, Länsi- ja sisä Suomen alue (Vestra & inre Finlands region), Suomi


Ni-Cu mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Papunen, H., 1985,The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit. Geological Survey of Finland bulletin 333.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Gervilla et al 1997. Mineralogy of thePt-, Pd- and Au bearing arsenide ores of the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit, Vammala nickel belt, SW Finland. Mineral Deposits: Research and Exploration. Where do they meet. Proceedings of the fourth Biennial SGA meeting, Turku, Finland, 11-13 August 1997. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 419-422.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 9 - Silicates
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
MgMagnesium
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SiSilicon
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As NickelineNiAs
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 658571
Sedimentary; Slope and deep water

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Greywacke, phyllite, mica schist, meta-arkose, graphitic schist, paragneiss, conglomerate, amphibolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3152956
Proterozoic I meta-sandstone

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{mica schist,gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184895
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mica schist; metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Papunen,H.,1985. The Kylmäkoski Nickel-Copper deposit.Geologucal Survey of Finland Bulletin 333.
Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
Lahti, Seppo I. (ed.); Raivio, Paula; Laitakari, Ilkka (with contributions by) (2005). Vol 47: Erikoisjulkaisut-Special Publications.

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