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Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Skien50,595 (2016)
Porsgrunn34,377 (2017)
Notodden8,306 (2018)
Kragerø5,158 (2016)
Rjukan3,568 (2010)
Ulefoss2,697 (2014)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Tellemarken
Other Languages:
French:
Telemark, Norvège
German:
Telemark, Norwegen
Italian:
Telemark, Norvegia
Norwegian:
Telemark, Norge
Russian:
Телемарк, Норвегия
Simplified Chinese:
泰勒马克郡, 挪威
Spanish:
Telemark, Noruega
Albanian:
Telemark, Norvegjia
Arabic:
تلمارك, النرويج
Asturian:
Telemark, Noruega
Basque:
Telemark, Norvegia
Belarusian:
Тэлемарк, Нарвегія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Тэлемарк, Нарвэгія
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
টেলেমার্ক, নরৱে
Bosnian:
Telemark, Norveška
Breton:
Telemark, Norvegia
Bulgarian:
Телемарк, Норвегия
Catalan:
Telemark, Noruega
Cebuano:
Telemark fylke, Norway
Cornish:
Telemark, Norgagh
Croatian:
Telemark, Norveška
Czech:
Telemark, Norsko
Danish:
Telemark, Norge
Dutch:
Telemark, Noorwegen
Esperanto:
Telemark, Norvegio
Estonian:
Telemark, Norra
Faroese:
Telemark fylke, Noreg
Farsi/Persian:
تلمارک, نروژ
Finnish:
Telemarkin lääni, Norja
Georgian:
ტელემარკი, ნორვეგია
Greek:
Τέλεμαρκ, Νορβηγία
Hebrew:
טלמרק, נורבגיה
Hindi:
टेलीमार्क, नॉर्वे
Hungarian:
Telemark megye, Norvégia
Icelandic:
Þelamörk, Noregur
Indonesian:
Telemark, Norwegia
Japanese:
テレマルク県, ノルウェー
Korean:
텔레마르크주, 노르웨이
Latin:
Telemark, Norvegia
Limburgian:
Telemark, Noorwege
Lithuanian:
Telemarkas, Norvegija
Low Saxon/Low German:
Amt Telemark, Norwegen
Macedonian:
Телемарк, Норвешка
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Telemark, Lo̍k-ui
Northern Sami:
Telemárkku fylka, Norga
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Telemark fylke, Noreg
Occitan:
Telemark, Norvègia
Ossetian:
Телемарк, Норвеги
Polish:
Telemark, Norwegia
Portuguese:
Telemark, Noruega
Romanian:
Telemark, Norvegia
Samogitian:
Telemarks, Nuorvegėjė
Scots:
Telemark, Norawa
Serbian:
Телемарк, Норвешка
Slovak:
Telemark, Nórsko
Slovenian:
Telemark, Norveška
South Azerbaijani:
تلمارک, نوروژ
Swedish:
Telemark fylke, Norge
Tamil:
டெலிமார்க், நோர்வே
Turkish:
Telemark, Norveç
Ukrainian:
Телемарк, Норвегія
Urdu:
تیلیمارک, ناروے
Vietnamese:
Telemark, Na Uy
Waray:
Telemark, Noruega
Western Punjabi:
ٹیلیمارک, ناروے


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

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This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

401 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 11 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L. (1886): Norske ertsforekomster III & IV. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab.10, 16-73 (p.26) (Cited in Neumann (1985):Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p.15)
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2010): Caysichitt-(Y) og chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen- igjen ! Stein, 37 (3): 14-15
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. and Kristiansen, R. (2013) Agakhanovite-(Y), IMA 2013-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3256; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258 ; Hawthorne, F. C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. & Kristiansen, R. (2014): Agakhanovite-(Y), ideally (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30, a new milarite-group mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Southern Norway: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist. 99, 2084-2088.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Reference: Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Larsen, A.O., Škoda, R., Åsheim, A. (2016): Yttrian epidote and allanite-(Y) from a granite pegmatite in Bamble, Telemark, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 33-38.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
'Amphibole Asbestos'
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ramsay, C.R. & Morton, R.D. (1971): Hydrothermal retrogression of cordierite in the Bamble sector, South Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsheft. 398-403
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 10.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite ?
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Analyzed by optical analysis
Reference: Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. (1965): Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Oslo. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
'Aspasiolite'
Reference: Scheerer, T. (1846): Ueber eine eigenthümliche Art der Isomorphie, welche eine ausgedehnte Rolle im Mineralreiche spielt. Annalen der Physik und Chemie 144: 319-375
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
'Axinite Group'
Description: occurs in the border zone to the hosting rock
Reference: Raade et al(1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Description: Brown, flaky aggregates up to a few cm across = a mixture of bannisterite and caryopilite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
'Barkevikite'
Description: Described as "barkevikite" in Larsen & Åsheim, later as "hastingsitic hornblende" in Raade et al (1983)
Reference: Larsen, A. O. & Åsheim, A. (1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3 (1), 9-12.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Behoite
Formula: Be(OH)2
Benjaminite ?
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Berborite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2O
'Berborite-2H'
Reference: Giuseppetti et al. (1990): Berborite polytypes. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen 162 (1): 101-116
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Larsen, A.O., Nordrum, F.S. & Langhof, J. (2017): Berylliummineraler fra Langøy, Kragerø. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 5-15.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Peter Andresen collection.
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Raade, G. (2007): Minerals of Norway - the (almost) complete inventory. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift,35, 69-98.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. & Larsen, A.O. (1995): Erts- og sekundærmineraler fra De Lampertiske Duers gruve, Moiseberg kobberverk i Fyresdal. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 38-41.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Habit: micalike
Colour: goldenbrown
Description: identified by EDS-SEM,Roy Kristiansen. Found on bismuth together with bismutite
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Michel (1893) described a new mineral from Ødegården and named it "hautefeuillite". Barth (1937) showed it to be identical with bobierrite.
Reference: Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. Barth, T.F.W (1937): Crystallographic studies in the vivianite group. American Mineralogist, 22, 235-341 (p.337-338)
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bohseite
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Description: The main ore at Brandsnuten deposit.
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68(p. 124)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 107.
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Habit: 0,5 mm large aggregates forming rosettes of 0,1mm platy crystals
Colour: white
Fluorescence: yellow white
Reference: Larsen, A.O. , Asheim, A. and Berge, S.A. (1987). Bromellite from syenite pegmatite, Southern Oslo region, Norway. Canadian mineralogist, 25,425-428.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Possible anatase (?) (Raade & Kristiansen 2000)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Description: Brucite is only found in one thin-section of rauhaugite and identified by V.M. Goldschmidt. (Brøgger 1921)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1921) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. IV. Das Fengebiet in Telemark, Norwegen. Norske Skrifter udgit av Videnskabsselskabet i Kristiania. I. Math. Nat. Klasse. No.9, p. 1-408 (pp. 259, 268 and 274)
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Habit: aggregates with cleavage
Colour: greyish
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
'Calciopyrochlore' ?
Description: Described in the litterature as "koppite"
Reference: Sæther, E. (1957) The alkaline rock province of the Fen area in southern Norway. Det Konglige Norske Videnskabsselskaps Skrifter 1957, 1, 150p (p. 68)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 89 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 38, 49-56.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Sverdrup, T.L., Thorkildsen, C.D. & Bjørlykke, H. (1967): Uran og Thorium i Norge. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 250A, 3-31 (p.21)
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 109-114
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Description: Brown, flaky aggregates up to a few cm across = a mixture of bannisterite and caryopilite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86; Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
Cascandite
Formula: Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Description: In light green fibrous and porous masses 2-3 mm across, cascandite has been found as intimate fibrous intergrowths of scandiobabingtonite (areas of intergrowths exceeding 100my in length (Raade & Erambert 1999)
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Description: On-line version of Handbook page (http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/cavoite.pdf) is in fact that of cerianite-(Ce).
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Description: Cerianite-(Ce) occure as an alteration product after monazite-(Ce), together with fluocerite-(Ce).
Reference: Bergstøl, S.; Jensen, B.B. & Neumann, H. (1977): Tveitite, a new calcium yttrium fluoride. LITHOS 10: 81-87
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Pers. Com. G. Raade 18.04.1988 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991. p. 135-6
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chiavennite (TL)
Formula: CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, H., Din. V. K., Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist. 68: 628-633
Chlorapatite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Analysis in Rammelsberg (cited after Völker) shows 4.10 wt % Cl
Reference: Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig, p. 353 Raade, G. (1996): Minerals originally described from Norway. Including notes on type material. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 11, p. 29
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Colour: yellow
Reference: Pers. Com. K.Brastad o1.1982 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 103
Chromatite ?
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Description: It may be a contamination from machinery used during the construction of the water tunnel which the dump material the analyzed sample originates from
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine. 76, 649-672; Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 101-109
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clays'
Reference: Larsen, A.O. (1993): Gruver og skjerp i Skien. Stathelle 1993. 72p
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Smith, D.G.W. (1969): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No.42. A reinvestigation of the pseudobrookite from Havredal (Bamble), Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 49: 284-288
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Coal blend'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. Larsen, A.O. & Austrheim, H. (2000): Ni,Co-mineralizations in the Valberg quarry, Kragerø, South Norway: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17: 64-70
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H.-J.,Folvik, H. & Ellingsen, H.V. (2008): Mineraler i columbitt-tantalittgruppen fra Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 33-36.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Occure in very small amounts in søvite.
Reference: Bjørlykke, (1953): Utnytting av Søvemalm. Tidsskrift for Kjemi, Bergvesen og Metallurgi. 13, 47-48.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Description: Reinvestigation showed it to be chamosite (Larsen (2010)
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. & Van der Wel, D. (1981): Mineral-, stein-, og ertsforekomster innen kartblad Sauda (1:250 000): Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 366, 58p
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 49-56.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Cyprine
Formula: Ca19Cu2+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10](OH)(OH)9
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Description: 2 specimens in the collection of the Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum in Oslo, collected by Peder Tangen during 1906-1908. There are some uncertainty of the right locality of the specimens, Oftedal (1963) concludes that Tangen is the most probably one
Reference: Oftedal, I. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No 16. Danburite from the Kragerø District. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43, 73-74
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
'Davidite'
Diaoyudaoite
Formula: NaAl11O17
Description: Industrial waste product formed in the furnace process.
Reference: Dahlgren, S. (2005): Miljøgeologisk undersøkelse av lavradioaktivt slagg fra ferroniobproduksjonen ved Norsk Bergverk på Søve 1956-1965. Regiongeologen for Buskerud, Telemark og Vestfold, Rapport nt 1, 2005. 19-28.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eclarite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Topa, D. (2015): Eclarite from Bleka, Svartdal, Telemark county, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 65-68.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Malmdatabasen. Grusen.Forekomst nr.6 i Fyresdal (0831) kommune (Updated 19.des.2007).
Emilite
Formula: Pb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Epidote var: Yttroepidote
Formula: {(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Larsen, A.O., Škoda, R., Åsheim, A. (2016): Yttrian epidote and allanite-(Y) from a granite pegmatite in Bamble, Telemark, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 33-38.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Larsen, A.O.(1974): Sekundære mineraler fra Porsgrunn. NAGS-nytt 1(2),13+15
'Erdmannite (of Berlin)' ?
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde (C.J.B.Karsten und von Dechen) 22: 465-544 (p.531)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 117-124
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Eudialyte Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R., Friis, H., Rowe, R., Poirier, G.G., Selbekk, R.S., Cooper, M.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Ferrochiavennite, a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51: 285-296
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, A.O. (1993): Fossum jernverk. STEIN 20 (2), 112-116
'Ferroan pargasite'
Ferrochiavennite (TL)
Formula: Ca1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R., Friis, H., Rowe, R., Poirier, G.G., Selbekk, R.S., Cooper, M.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Ferrochiavennite, a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 285-296
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Description: Found in Søvite.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 79.
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluor-dravite ?
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Description: Added without any info on analysis.
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Description: Usualy intimatly intergrown with fluocerite-(Ce).
Reference: Sverdrup, T.L. (1968): Yttrofluorite-yttrocerite-cerfluorite in Norwegian pegmatites. Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway, No 37. Norsk Geologsk Tidskrift 48: 245-252
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Colour: Dark olive brown green to bluish green
Reference: Raade, G. & Kolitsch, U. (2016): Crystal chemistry of two tourmalines from Høydalen, Tørdal, Telemark. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 21-31.
Fourmarierite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 49-56.
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Colour: Black
Description: As black, vitreous irregular masses up to 20 mm in diameter. Often with an orange or yellow, thin alteration rim (up to 0.5 mm)
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63: 188-195
'Gadolinite Group'
Formula: A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Habit: tetrahedra up to 1 mm
Colour: Yellow
Fluorescence: Deep red in both long- and shortwave
Description: Found in analcime
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Giuseppettite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Reference: Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.95)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grenmarite
Formula: Na4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Habit: sheaflike aggregate (2,5cm long)
Colour: brown
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2009): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2008-2009. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41: 108-117; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Gugiaite
Formula: Ca2Be(Si2O7)
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)