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Kauniinvaara, Suomussalmi, Kainuu, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Kauniinvaara- not defined -
SuomussalmiMunicipality
KainuuRegion
FinlandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
65° 20' 13'' North , 29° 17' 55'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
, Suomussalmi, Pohjois Suomen alue (Norra Finlands region), Suomi


Ultramafic body with native nickel near Lake Kauniinlampi, eastern Finland.

GPS coordinates are currently provisionally set for Lake Kauniinlampi.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
NiNickel
Ni NickelNi
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3138577
Archean gneiss

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neoarchean
2500 - 2800 Ma



ID: 637679
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: tonalitic-granodioritic

Age: Neoarchean (2500 - 2800 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Karelian Craton

Comments: Craton and massif; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Granodiorite, tonalite, quartz diorite, granite, syenite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3189778
Archean volcanic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Karelian Domain

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pakkanen, L. and Luukkonen, E. (1995) Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late Archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.


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