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Lappajärvi meteorite crater, Lappajärvi, South Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Lappajärvi meteorite craterImpact Crater
Lappajärvi- not defined -
South OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):, Länsi- ja sisä Suomen alue (Vestra & inre Finlands region), Suomi
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 12' North , 23° 42' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.20000,23.70000
GeoHash:G#: ue0ze31yd
Locality type:Impact Crater
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Meteorite crater.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Apatite'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Biotite'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Shafranovsky G. I. (2000) Structure of apographitic impact diamonds from Lappajärvi crater. 4th ESF WORKSHOP
'Erionite'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Ferro-winchite'
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 19976. Lake Lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 282.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 19976. Lake Lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 282.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1998meteoriittitörmäyskraaterit. in: Lehtinen, M, Nurmi, P.& Rämö, T: (toim.) Suomen Kallioperä. Suomen Geologinen Seura. 328-341
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Diamond'1.CB.10aC
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Coesite'4.DA.35SiO2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Tridymite'4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Ferro-winchite'9.DE.20 ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Mordenite'9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Offretite'9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
'Sanidine'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Sillimanite'9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Erionite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Erionite'-
'Ferro-winchite'- ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CoesiteSiO2
O Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TridymiteSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 649461
unclassified; Impact structure

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Description: none assigned, none assigned

Comments: none assigned; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Impact breccia

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3147712
Proterozoic I meta-basalt

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-basalt group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184895
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mica schist; metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lehtinen, Martti 1976. Lake Lappajärvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282.


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