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Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Heftetjern pegmatitePegmatite
Tørdal- not defined -
DrangedalMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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The famous Heftetjern pegmatite - June 2008

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
View of a part of the amazonite pegmatite

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Name(s) in local language(s):Heftetjern pegmatitten, Tørdal, Drangedal kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 8' 35'' North , 8° 45' 24'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.14333,8.75667
GeoHash:G#: u4w0rq8qv
Locality type:Pegmatite
Age:960 to 850 Ma
Geologic Time:Tonian
Dating method:The age given is of the Tørdal granite which the pegmatite emanates from.
Reference for age:Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988): Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Prestestranda1,215 (2010)18.0km
Tveitsund344 (2011)19.2km
Lunde1,422 (2014)26.2km
Kviteseid640 (2010)32.4km
Gjerstad339 (2010)32.8km


A scandium-bearing granite pegmatite of amazonite-cleavelandite type. The pegmatite is about 200-250 m long and 3-4 m wide. Located about 4.3 km NW of the small parish of Tørdal.

NOTE: Collecting is only allowed with permission of the landowner.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
ScandinaviaRegion

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


60 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Type Locality:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anatase ?
Formula: TiO2
'Apatite'
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bohseite
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cascandite
Formula: Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Gadolinite Group'
Formula: A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Heftetjernite (TL)
Formula: ScTaO4
Type Locality:
Hellandite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hellandite-(Y) var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
Formula: Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Type Locality:
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
Formula: ~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kristiansenite (TL)
Formula: Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Type Locality:
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Oftedalite (TL)
Formula: K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Type Locality:
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rowlandite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Scandiobabingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Titanite var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
Type Locality:
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uedaite-(Ce)
Formula: {Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Type Locality:
Xenotime-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(PO4)
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase ?4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Heftetjernite (TL)4.DB.30ScTaO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)4.DB.25~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'4..A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Yttrotantalite-(Y) ?4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y) ?8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Augite ?9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bavenite ?9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cascandite9.DG.07Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (TL)9.DK.20Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kristiansenite (TL)9.BC.30Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Oftedalite (TL)9.CM.05K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Rowlandite-(Y) ?9.HG.20(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Scandiobabingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Triclinic Titanite (TL)9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uedaite-(Ce)9.BG.05{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
'Gadolinite Group'-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (TL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase ?4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Heftetjernite (TL)8.1.13.ScTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y) ?8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.3.2A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Ce)54.2.1a.2(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Rowlandite-(Y) ?55.2.1b.1(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uedaite-(Ce)58.2.9.4{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite ?65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Cascandite65.2.1.6Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite ?70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
'Gadolinite Group'-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Hellandite-(Y)
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
-Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
-~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Kristiansenite (TL)-Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Oftedalite (TL)-K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Scandiobabingtonite-Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
Titanite
var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
-CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Xenotime-(Y) ?-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
H Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
H Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
H CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
H Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Be Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Be Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Be Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
BBoron
B Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
O OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
O HeftetjerniteScTaO4
O Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
O Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
O Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
O CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O BrookiteTiO2
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O BismocliteBiOCl
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O RutileTiO2
O BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
O PlattneritePbO2
O Gadolinite GroupA2MQ2T2O8φ2
O Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
NaSodium
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Al Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Si OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Si Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Si Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Si Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Si CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Si Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
K Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Ca Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Ca Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Ca Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ca CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
ScScandium
Sc KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sc OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Sc HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Sc CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Sc ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Sc Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Mn ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
FeIron
Fe Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Fe Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Fe CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
YYttrium
Y Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Y Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Y Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al⃞2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Y Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ce Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
YbYtterbium
Yb Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
TaTantalum
Ta HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3190621
Proterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3157529
Proterozoic II andesite

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{andesite}, Minor{meta-rhyolite group,meta-sandstone,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
[Note: This is a complete list of references on this pegmatite]
Bergstøl, S. and Juve, G. (1988) Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243.
Juve, G. and Bergstøl, S. (1990) Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 131-136.
Jambor, J. (1991) Scandium microlite. American Mineralogist, 76, 668.
Werner, R. (1993) Bazzitt fra pegmatitt nær Tørdal. STEIN, 20, 184-187.
Juve, G. and Bergstøl, S. (1997) Granittpegmatittene i Tørdal, Telemark. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 12, 56-57.
Kristiansen, R. (1998) Høydalen litium-pegmatitt, Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN, 25, 21-30.
Wise, M.A., Cerny, P., and Falster, A.U. (1998) Scandium substitution in columbite-group minerals and ixiolite. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 673-680.
Raade, G. and Erambert, M. (1999) An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999, 545-550.
Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Pilati, T. (2000) Structure refinement of bazzite from pegmatitic and miarolitic occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 1419-1424.
Ferraris, G. et al. (2000) Solving the structure of a new Ca-Sc-Sn disilicate twinned by metric merohedry. International Union of Crystallography Congress, Nancy.
Kristiansen, R. (2000) Mer om rynersonitt. STEIN, 27 (1), 12-14.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2000) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 17, 19-25.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2000) Scandium enrichment in the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Telemark, Norway. 4th International Mineralogy in Museums Conference, Melbourne, Australia, p. 83.
Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., Nespolo, M., and Raade, G. (2001) Crystal structure of kristiansenite: a case of class IIB twinning by metric merohedry. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 216, 442-448.
Nespolo, M., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., and Raade, G. (2001) Unusual merohedric twinning in kristiansenite. Program and Abstracts, Annual meeting, Mineralogical Society of Japan, Akita, p. 154 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Raade, G., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., and Bernhard, F. (2002) Kristiansenite, a new calcium-scandium-tin sorosilicate from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 75, 89-99.
Eldjarn, K. (2002) Seltene Scandium-mineralien von Tørdal, Telemark, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (2), 14-22 (in German).
Ellingsen, H.V. and Haugen, A. (2002) Kristiansenitt – et nytt mineral fra Tørdal. STEIN, 29 (1), 32-34.
Grew, E.S. (2002) Mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of Beryllium: an introduction and list of Beryllium minerals. In E.S. Grew (editor): “Beryllium: mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry”, Mineral. Soc. Amer. Reviews in mineralogy and geochemistry, 50, 1-76.
Hawthorne, F. (2002) The use of end-member charge-arrangements in defining new mineral species and heterovalent substitutions in complex minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 699-710.
Kristiansen, R. (2003) Scandium-mineraler i Norge. STEIN, 30, 14-23.
Raade, G. and Segalstad, T.V. (2003) International Symposium on the Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Scandium. Geological Museum, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 91.
Ferraris, G., Raade, G., Gula, A., and Ivaldi, G. (2003) Incorporation of scandium and other structural aspects in kristiansenite. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 16-17.
Raade, G. (2003) An introduction to scandium: mineralogy and crystal chemistry. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 31-33.
Raade, G. and Bernhard, F. (2003) Coexisting scandium minerals in the Heftetjern granite pegmatite. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 34-35.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2003) Scandium as a trace element in the Heftetjern pegmatite minerals. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 36-37.
Ferraris, G., Makovicky, E., and Merlino, S. (2004) Crystallography of modular materials. Oxford University Press. 370 pp. (kristiansenite on p. 299).
Nespolo, M. (2004) Twin point groups and the polychromatic symmetry of twins. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 219, 57-71.
Raade, G., Bernhard, F., and Ottolini, L. (2004) Replacement textures involving four scandium silicate minerals in the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 945-950.
Kristiansen, R. (2005) Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 30, 21-29.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., and Kristiansen, R. (2006) Oftedalite, (ScCa)KBe3Si12O30, a new mineral species of the milarite group from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 943-949.
Kristiansen, R. (2008) Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN, 35 (1), 17-21 [analysis of rynersonite and find of bismoclite].
Laukert, G. (2008) Mineralien von Seltenerd-pegmatiten aus Norwegen und Schweden. Bachelor-Arbeit Geowissenschaften. Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg, 67 pp.
Kristiansen, R. (2009) A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104.
Lussier, A.J., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Kristiansen, R. (2009) Triclinic titanite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, southern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 709-722.
Kolitsch, U., Kristiansen, R., Raade, G., and Tillmanns, E. (2010) Heftetjernite, a new scandium mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 309-316.
Raade, G. (2010) Plumbomicrolite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, Telemark, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 43, 21-28.
Kristiansen, R. (2010) Heftetjernitt og triklin titanitt fra Heftetjern i Tørdal. STEIN, 37(4), 20-22.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2012) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Telemark, Norway. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011, R-1P20.
Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., and Kristiansen, R. (2014) Agakhanovite-(Y), ideally (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30, a new milarite-group mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Southern Norway: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 99, 2084-2088.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2015) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 345-356.
Kristiansen, R. (2017) Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein, 44 (1), 24-27 [on a find of uedaite-(Ce), bohseite and plattnerite].
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastvetaeva, R.M., Kristiansen, R., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Van, V.K., Bychkova, Y.V., and Britvin, S. (2017) Crystal structure of the OH-dominant gadolinite-(Y) analogue, (Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2 from Heftetjern pegmatite, Norway. Acta Crystallographica, B73: 899-906.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Kristiansen, R. (2018) Refinements of crystal structure of hingganite-(Y): Cation ordering and lowering symmetry. Abstracts, Annual meeting of REE society of Japan, March 2018.
Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.

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