LIVE REPORT! The Sussex Mineral & Fossil Show 2018 - last updated 42 minutes ago. Click here to watch.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
The famous Heftetjern pegmatite - June 2008

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
View of a part of the amazonite pegmatite

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Name(s) in local language(s):Heftetjern pegmatitten, Tørdal, Drangedal kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 8' 35'' North , 8° 45' 24'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.14333,8.75667
GeoHash:G#: u4w0rq8qv
Locality type:Pegmatite
Age:960 to 850 Ma
Geologic Time:Tonian
Dating method:The age given is of the Tørdal granite which the pegmatite emanates from.
Reference for age:Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988): Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


A scandium-bearing granite pegmatite of amazonite-cleavelandite type. The pegmatite is about 200-250 m long and 3-4 m wide. Located about 4.3 km NW of the small parish of Tørdal.

NOTE: Collecting is only allowed with permission of the landowner.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Heftetjern, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Heftetjern, Tørdal, Telemark, Norway

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,033 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


60 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. and Kristiansen, R. (2013) Agakhanovite-(Y), IMA 2013-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3256; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258 ; Hawthorne, F. C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. & Kristiansen, R. (2014): Agakhanovite-(Y), ideally (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30, a new milarite-group mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Southern Norway: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist. 99, 2084-2088.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
Anatase ?
Formula: TiO2
Description: Possible brookite (?) (Raade & Kristiansen (2000)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Apatite'
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: Erronously reported in Raade & Kristiansen (2000) (pers. comm. Roy Kristiansen mai 2009)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Description: Showed to be bohseite (Kristiansen 2017)
Reference: Juve, G. & Bergstøl, S. (1990): Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology, 43:131-136; Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Habit: Imperfect plates, hexagonal prismatic crystals; needles
Colour: clear, skyblue, light blue
Description: a cesian variety
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243/ Juve, G. & Bergstøl, S. (1990): Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology, 43:131-136
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243; U. Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis on T. Husdal specimen)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Colour: yellowish green
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
'Biotite'
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Habit: micalike
Colour: goldenbrown
Description: identified by EDS-SEM,Roy Kristiansen. Found on bismuth together with bismutite
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Bohseite
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Possible anatase (?) (Raade & Kristiansen 2000)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Cascandite
Formula: Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Description: In light green fibrous and porous masses 2-3 mm across, cascandite has been found as intimate fibrous intergrowths of scandiobabingtonite (areas of intergrowths exceeding 100my in length (Raade & Erambert 1999)
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: A cerian variety
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: yttrian variety (Raade & Kristiansen (2000)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
'Gadolinite Group'
Formula: A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Description: EDS-SEM identified
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Heftetjernite (TL)
Formula: ScTaO4
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104; Kolitsch, U., Kristiansen, R., Raade, G. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Heftetjernite, a new scandium mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Eur. J. Mineral. 22, 309-316.
Hellandite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Habit: microcrystals
Colour: pale red
Description: in fluorite. A Mn-bearing (greater than 1 apfu) hellandite-(Y) occurs as pinkish yellow tiny granular crystals.
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25;
Hellandite-(Y) var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
Formula: Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Habit: granular crystals
Colour: Pinkish yellow
Description: Pinkish yellow granular crystals
Reference: Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2015) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Canadian Mineralogist: 53: 345-356.; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Habit: irregular masses several cm across; irregular grains
Colour: pinkish; deep brown-red
Description: Occurs as intimately intergrowth with light blue bazzite. Raade & Kristiansen 2000 found a scandian-rich helvite with up to 1,7 % Sc2O3
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Description: Small, white fanlike aggregates or massive aggragates < 1mm in diameter. Analysis showed it to be a Ca-bearing hellandite-(Ce) in intimately intergrowth with apatite
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Habit: Aggregates of pseudohexagonal plates about 0,5 mm across; Blocky crystals to several mm; grains
Colour: Brownish, yellow and colorless
Description: Hingganite-(Y) occurs at Heftetjern with variable color, morphology and chemcical composition. A calcian hingganite-(Y) was described by Raade & Kristiansen 2000. It occurs as aggregates of yellowish, pseudohexagonal plates about 0,5 mm across. The structure of a triclinic Ca-B-Fe-rich hingganite-(Y) was analysed by Miyawaki et al. (2018), see also Kristiansen (2018)
Reference: Mineral. Pet. 75:89-99; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Skrifter Norsk Bergverkmuseum 17:19-25; Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. & Kristiansen, R. (2018): Refinements of crystal structure of hingganite-(Y): Cation ordering and lowering symmetry. Abstracts, Annual meeting of REE society of Japan, March 2018.; Kristiansen, R. (2018): Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Habit: The outline of the crystals being often rectangular or even square.
Description: up to 18,80 wt % Sc2O is reported. As up to 5mm large, black shiny cristals with a brownish tint.
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988): Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. A contribution to the mineralogy and geochemistry of scandium and tin. Mineral. Petrol., 38, 229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
Formula: ~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Description: up to 18,80 wt % Sc2O is reported. As up to 5mm large, black, shiny crystals with a weak brownish tint. Some crystals are partly altered to pyrochlore supergroup minerals.
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988): Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. A contribution to the mineralogy and geochemistry of scandium and tin. Mineral. Petrol., 38, 229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Habit: square prismatic crystals to 2mm long
Colour: colourless
Description: found in fluorite
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Description: Doubt has been raised if the specimen analyzed and photograhed originates from the Heftetjern pegmatite, no similar specimen has been found at Heftetjern but at Skarsfjell or other localituies nearby ( R.Kristiansen & K.E.Larsen commentary 2009)
Reference: Thomas Witzke collection
Kristiansenite (TL)
Formula: Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Habit: Triclinic
Colour: Colourless, greyish, yellowish
Reference: Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., Nespolo, M. & Raade, G. (2001): Crystal structure of kristiansenite: a case of class IIB twinning by metric merohedry. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie. 216, 442-448. ; Raade, G., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G. & Bernhard, F. (2002): Kristiansenite, a new calcium-scandium-tin sorosilicate from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology. 75(1/2), 89-99.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Pers.commentary Roy Kristiansen mars 2004
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Juve, G. & Bergstøl, S. (1990): Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology, 43:131-136
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Description: Bergstøl & Juve (1988) found a yttrian scandian microlite (uranian).
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
'Microlite Group var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
Description: Found in an altered area of an ixiolite.
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Laukert, G. (2008): Mineralien von Seltenerd-pegmatiten aus Norwegen und Schweden. Bachelor-Arbeit Geowissenschaften. Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg, 67 pp
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Juve, G. & Bergstøl, S. (1990): Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology, 43:131-136
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
Oftedalite (TL)
Formula: K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Habit: hexagonale prismatic xls showing {100} and {001}
Colour: greyish white
Description: Found in only one sample !
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., Kristiansen, R. (2006): Oftedalite, (ScCa)KBe3Si12O30, a new mineral species of the milarite group from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 943-949; Kristiansen, R. (2005): Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 30, 21-29
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Pegmatite'
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988): Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Description: Found on one specimen
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 291
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Habit: octahedral crystals to 1 mm, often in aggregates.
Colour: greenish to brownish
Description: The mineral is typically zoned and has a heterogeneous composition within each zone.
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. 2000a. Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverkmuseum Skrift 17:19-25 ; Raade, G. (2010): Plumbomicrolite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, Telemark, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 43: 21-28
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: Bergstøl & Juve (1988) found a scandian yttropyrochlore. As altered metamict product after ixiolite
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: Bergstøl & Juve (1988) found a scandian yttropyrochlore. As altered metamict product after ixiolite
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Description: Pyrochlore supergroup minerals occurs at Heftetjern mostly as metamict alterations of ixiolite.
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: massive
Description: partly smoky quartz
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bergstøl, S. and Juve, G. (1988) Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243.
Rowlandite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Habit: Platy
Colour: Greenish-brown
Description: Showed to be a zonated mixture of gadolinite-(Y) and hingganite-(Y) with inclusions of a OH-gadolinite. (Kristiansen 2018)
Reference: Larsen, K.E. (2017): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2016-2017. Stein 44 (3): 4-14; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: scandian variety
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Description: scandian variety
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Habit: rectangular plates or as rulershaped striated crystals < 1mm
Colour: dull yellow to colorless
Description: as alteration product after (scandian )ixiolite or on the surface of porous cassiterite
Reference: EDS-SEM + cell-parameters (conf.Uwe Kolitsch)/ Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Scandiobabingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Habit: fibrous and porous masses 2-3 mm across; blocky crystals
Colour: light green
Description: Intimate intergrowth with cascandite (Raade & Erambert (1999)
Reference: Raade, G. & Erambert, M. (1999): An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999 (12):545-550
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Greyishblue with a thin brownishrim
Description: A scandian schörl (Kristiansen 2018)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'
Description: Dark mica, also described as'zinnwaldite' from Heftetjern.
Reference: Rosing-Schow, N., Müller , A. & Friis, H. (2018) Glimmere i norske pegmatitter. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 57-63
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Mineral. Pet. 75:89-99; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: FeTa2O6
Description: scandian variety
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: Found as a < 10 μm large crystal in quartz and as a inclusion in apatite (Laukert 2008)
Reference: Laukert, G. (2008): Mineralien von Seltenerd-pegmatiten aus Norwegen und Schweden. Bachelor-Arbeit Geowissenschaften. Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg. 67 pp
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection & Roy Kristiansen collection; Kristiansen, R. (2018): Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: occurs with different colours and crystal habits A stannian variety exist. The titanites from Heftetjern is quite variable in composition, and some Sc-rich, but often with high Ta and Sn.
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Titanite var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
Reference: Lussier, A. J.; Cooper, M.A.; Hawthorne, F.C. and Kristiansen, R. (2009): Triclinic titanite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, southern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine: 73: 709-722.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Pers.commentary Roy Kristiansen mars 2004
Uedaite-(Ce)
Formula: {Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Not very well developed elongated, prismatic crystals
Colour: Black
Description: Analyzed and verified at Tokyo University.
Reference: Roy Kristiansen collection (photo-755017); Kristiansen, R. (2017): Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein. 44 (1): 24-27; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastvetaeva, R.M., Kristiansen, R., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Van, V.K., Bychkova, Y.V., Britvin, S., Bychkova, Y.V. (2017) Crystal structure of the OH-dominant gadolinite-(Y) analogue,(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2 from Heftetjern pegmatite, Norway. Acta Crystallographica: B73: 899-906.
Xenotime-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Description: Bergstøl & Juve (1988) found an uranian yttrobetafite. As metamict alteration of ixiolite
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Description: Sample showed to be polycrase-(Y). (Pers.commentary R.Kristiansen mai 2009)
Reference: Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
'Zinnwaldite'
Description: as an alteration product of garnet
Reference: Juve, G. & Bergstøl, S. (1990): Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology, 43:131-136
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Bergstøl, S. & Juve, G. (1988). Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38:229-243

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase ?4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Heftetjernite (TL)4.DB.30ScTaO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)4.DB.25~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeTa2O6
Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)4..A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Yttrotantalite-(Y)' ?4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y) ?8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Augite ?9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bavenite ?9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cascandite9.DG.07Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (TL)9.DK.20Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kristiansenite (TL)9.BC.30Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Oftedalite (TL)9.CM.05K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Rowlandite-(Y) ?9.HG.20(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Scandiobabingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Triclinic Titanite (TL)9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uedaite-(Ce)9.BG.05{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agakhanovite-(Y)' (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Apatite-
Biotite-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Gadolinite Group-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Pegmatite-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y)) (TL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase ?4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Heftetjernite (TL)8.1.13.ScTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y) ?8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.3.2A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1FeTa2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y) ?16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Ce)54.2.1a.2(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Rowlandite-(Y) ?55.2.1b.1(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uedaite-(Ce)58.2.9.4{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite ?65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Cascandite65.2.1.6Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite ?70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
'Gadolinite Group'-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Hellandite-(Y)
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
-Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
-~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Kristiansenite (TL)-Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Oftedalite (TL)-K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
'Pegmatite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Scandiobabingtonite-Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
Titanite
var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
-CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Xenotime-(Y) ?-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
H CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
BeBeryllium
Be Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
BBoron
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Gadolinite GroupA2MQ2T2O8φ2
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O HeftetjerniteScTaO4
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PlattneritePbO2
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O QuartzSiO2
O Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
O RutileTiO2
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
O ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Si CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Si ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Sc CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Sc HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Sc KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sc OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Sc Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Sc ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Mn Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Mn ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Fe Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Fe Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Fe ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Fe Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Fe Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
YYttrium
Y Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Y Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sn Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Ce Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
YbYtterbium
Yb Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
TaTantalum
Ta HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Ta Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3190621
Proterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3157529
Proterozoic II andesite

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{andesite}, Minor{meta-rhyolite group,meta-sandstone,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
[Note: This is a complete list of references on this pegmatite]
Bergstøl, S. and Juve, G. (1988) Scandian ixiolite, pyrochlore and bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 38, 229-243.
Juve, G. and Bergstøl, S. (1990) Caesian bazzite in granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 131-136.
Jambor, J. (1991) Scandium microlite. American Mineralogist, 76, 668.
Werner, R. (1993) Bazzitt fra pegmatitt nær Tørdal. STEIN, 20, 184-187.
Juve, G. and Bergstøl, S. (1997) Granittpegmatittene i Tørdal, Telemark. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 12, 56-57.
Kristiansen, R. (1998) Høydalen litium-pegmatitt, Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN, 25, 21-30.
Wise, M.A., Cerny, P., and Falster, A.U. (1998) Scandium substitution in columbite-group minerals and ixiolite. Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 673-680.
Raade, G. and Erambert, M. (1999) An intergrowth of scandiobabingtonite and cascandite from the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 1999, 545-550.
Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Pilati, T. (2000) Structure refinement of bazzite from pegmatitic and miarolitic occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 1419-1424.
Ferraris, G. et al. (2000) Solving the structure of a new Ca-Sc-Sn disilicate twinned by metric merohedry. International Union of Crystallography Congress, Nancy.
Kristiansen, R. (2000) Mer om rynersonitt. STEIN, 27 (1), 12-14.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2000) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 17, 19-25.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2000) Scandium enrichment in the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Telemark, Norway. 4th International Mineralogy in Museums Conference, Melbourne, Australia, p. 83.
Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., Nespolo, M., and Raade, G. (2001) Crystal structure of kristiansenite: a case of class IIB twinning by metric merohedry. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 216, 442-448.
Nespolo, M., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., and Raade, G. (2001) Unusual merohedric twinning in kristiansenite. Program and Abstracts, Annual meeting, Mineralogical Society of Japan, Akita, p. 154 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Raade, G., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., and Bernhard, F. (2002) Kristiansenite, a new calcium-scandium-tin sorosilicate from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology, 75, 89-99.
Eldjarn, K. (2002) Seltene Scandium-mineralien von Tørdal, Telemark, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (2), 14-22 (in German).
Ellingsen, H.V. and Haugen, A. (2002) Kristiansenitt – et nytt mineral fra Tørdal. STEIN, 29 (1), 32-34.
Grew, E.S. (2002) Mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of Beryllium: an introduction and list of Beryllium minerals. In E.S. Grew (editor): “Beryllium: mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry”, Mineral. Soc. Amer. Reviews in mineralogy and geochemistry, 50, 1-76.
Hawthorne, F. (2002) The use of end-member charge-arrangements in defining new mineral species and heterovalent substitutions in complex minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 699-710.
Kristiansen, R. (2003) Scandium-mineraler i Norge. STEIN, 30, 14-23.
Raade, G. and Segalstad, T.V. (2003) International Symposium on the Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Scandium. Geological Museum, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 91.
Ferraris, G., Raade, G., Gula, A., and Ivaldi, G. (2003) Incorporation of scandium and other structural aspects in kristiansenite. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 16-17.
Raade, G. (2003) An introduction to scandium: mineralogy and crystal chemistry. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 31-33.
Raade, G. and Bernhard, F. (2003) Coexisting scandium minerals in the Heftetjern granite pegmatite. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 34-35.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2003) Scandium as a trace element in the Heftetjern pegmatite minerals. International Symposium on the mineralogy and geochemistry of Scandium, University of Oslo, Abstracts and Proceedings no. 2, 36-37.
Ferraris, G., Makovicky, E., and Merlino, S. (2004) Crystallography of modular materials. Oxford University Press. 370 pp. (kristiansenite on p. 299).
Nespolo, M. (2004) Twin point groups and the polychromatic symmetry of twins. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 219, 57-71.
Raade, G., Bernhard, F., and Ottolini, L. (2004) Replacement textures involving four scandium silicate minerals in the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 945-950.
Kristiansen, R. (2005) Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 30, 21-29.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., and Kristiansen, R. (2006) Oftedalite, (ScCa)KBe3Si12O30, a new mineral species of the milarite group from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 943-949.
Kristiansen, R. (2008) Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN, 35 (1), 17-21 [analysis of rynersonite and find of bismoclite].
Laukert, G. (2008) Mineralien von Seltenerd-pegmatiten aus Norwegen und Schweden. Bachelor-Arbeit Geowissenschaften. Albert-Ludwigs Universität, Freiburg, 67 pp.
Kristiansen, R. (2009) A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104.
Lussier, A.J., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Kristiansen, R. (2009) Triclinic titanite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, southern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 709-722.
Kolitsch, U., Kristiansen, R., Raade, G., and Tillmanns, E. (2010) Heftetjernite, a new scandium mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 309-316.
Raade, G. (2010) Plumbomicrolite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, Telemark, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 43, 21-28.
Kristiansen, R. (2010) Heftetjernitt og triklin titanitt fra Heftetjern i Tørdal. STEIN, 37(4), 20-22.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2012) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Telemark, Norway. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011, R-1P20.
Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., and Kristiansen, R. (2014) Agakhanovite-(Y), ideally (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30, a new milarite-group mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Southern Norway: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 99, 2084-2088.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2015) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 345-356.
Kristiansen, R. (2017) Fire nye mineraler for Norge. Stein, 44 (1), 24-27 [on a find of uedaite-(Ce), bohseite and plattnerite].
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastvetaeva, R.M., Kristiansen, R., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Van, V.K., Bychkova, Y.V., and Britvin, S. (2017) Crystal structure of the OH-dominant gadolinite-(Y) analogue, (Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2 from Heftetjern pegmatite, Norway. Acta Crystallographica, B73: 899-906.
Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Kristiansen, R. (2018) Refinements of crystal structure of hingganite-(Y): Cation ordering and lowering symmetry. Abstracts, Annual meeting of REE society of Japan, March 2018.
Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 17, 2018 20:01:53 Page generated: November 14, 2018 13:33:17
Go to top of page