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Vallone del Vannino, Formazza, Formazza Valley, Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Vallone del Vannino- not defined -
Formazza- not defined -
Formazza ValleyValley
Ossola ValleyValley
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola ProvinceProvince
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 3' 23'' North , 8° 19' 17'' East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Vallone del Vannino, Formazza (Pomatt), Val Formazza (Pomattertal), Val d'Ossola, Provincia del Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italia


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Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

38 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58.
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection; Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58 (reported as hornblende).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Alberto Vaghi Collection
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King;
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Description: Specimens believed as gadolinite-(Y) instead EDS proved to be "hingganite".
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1985, 129-134
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gramaccioliite-(Y)
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Bosio P., Lovskaya E.V. (2007): Nuovi dati sulla composizione di alcune zeoliti del Piemonte. In: Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. - Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d’Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo “F.Eusebio”, Ed., Alba, pages 482-483; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, page 213.
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Description: Previously reported as gadolinite-(Ce). DeMartin et al. (1993) showed it to be hingganite-(Y).
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No); DeMartin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (1993): A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Can. Mineral. 31, 127-136.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Alberto Vaghi photo
'Monazite'
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Graeser, St. & Schwander, H. (1987): Gasparite-(Ce) and monazite-(Nd): two new minerals to the monazite group from the Alps. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt.: 67, 101-113.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection; Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Sagenite'
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection; Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mattioli V. (1976): Località mineralogiche consigliate. Ghiacciaio del Forno e adiacenze (Val Formazza - Ossola). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 7, 3 (sett. 1976), 56-58; Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Mazzini D. (1988): Wulfenite del Lago Sruer (Formazza) e della cava Baulina superiore a Crevoladossola. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 12, 4 (4-1998), 202-203; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Alberto Vaghi collection
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Gramaccioliite-(Y)4.CC.40(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Iron Rose4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y) ?9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Monazite'-
'Sagenite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y) ?54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gramaccioliite-(Y)-(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Hematite
var: Iron Rose
-Fe2O3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Sagenite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HematiteFe2O3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
MnManganese
Mn Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Fe Hematite (var: Iron Rose)Fe2O3
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
SrStrontium
Sr Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

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