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Buckwheat dump mineral collecting site, Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Buckwheat dump mineral collecting site- not defined -
Franklin MineMine
Franklin- not defined -
Franklin Mining DistrictMining District
Sussex Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 6' 51'' North , 74° 35' 24'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.11417,-74.59000
GeoHash:G#: dr6cyst5r
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Franklin4,855 (2017)1.2km
Ogdensburg2,286 (2017)3.6km
Hamburg3,155 (2017)4.5km
Sparta19,722 (2018)9.9km
Sussex2,043 (2017)10.7km


One of the most important mineral localities of the world, the Buckwheat Dump, as it is popularly known, is one of only two mineral sites in the Franklin Mining District that are regularly open for mineral collecting. The other location is at the nearby Sterling Hill Mining Museum in Ogdensburg. The Buckwheat Dump Mineral Collecting Site is located adjacent to the Franklin Mineral Museum on Evans Street. It is open to the public when buying an admission ticket that specifically includes entry to the collecting site. This locality is also open to Museum members. The site is fenced, but the locality is open during normal business hours from Spring until Autumn. Visit the Museum's website (www.franklinmineralmuseum.com) for specific hours of operation or when the museum is not scheduled to be open. The Museum also has occasional nighttime digs for fluorescent mineral collectors and many other scheduled events. The museum and mineral collecting site are also open for school or group tours.

Note: The Buckwheat Dump contains minerals from a variety of mineral localities from Mineral Hill, the location of the "Franklin" mines. For that reason, virtually any mineral listed under "Franklin Mine" may be encountered on the Buckwheat Dump. At any particular time, there may be minerals from this area under investigation as minerals new to science.

Caution: At various times, the Franklin Mineral Museum has had mineral dumps for children: one for "local" minerals and one for "worldwide" minerals. Not infrequently, "worldwide" specimens have been left in the Buckwheat Dump proper and as a result, these exotic minerals are occasionally reported to Mindat, although they are usually easy for local collectors to recognize and edit.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


66 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Modris Baum
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Van King
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Van King; Dunn (1995)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Van King
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Van King
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Steven Kuitems
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Van King
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Gary Moldovany
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Van King
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Steve Kuitems
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Pat Gross
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Clinohedrite
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Steven Phillips
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Chris O'neill
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Van King
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Esperite
Formula: PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Reference: Steven Phillips
Ferrokinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Modris Baum
Flinkite
Formula: Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Reference: Van King
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Andrew Kruegel
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Steven Phillips
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Andrew Kruegel
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Van King
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Modris Baum
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Hancockite
Formula: {CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Hardystonite
Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Reference: Van King
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Dunn (1995)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Jarosewichite
Formula: Mn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
Reference: Van King
Macfallite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Reference: Steven Kuitems
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Chris O'neill
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Margarosanite
Formula: Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Reference: Van King
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Petedunnite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Reference: Dunn (1995)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Van King
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Van King
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Steven Phillips
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Van King
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Stilpnomelane ?
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Reference: Steven Kuitems
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Van King
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Chris O'Neill, microprobe data from Canadian Museum of Nature.
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Reference: Heixong Yang
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Van King
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Winchite from the Buckwheat Dump collecting site was originally labeled "tremolite", although it had a purple gray color. RDS, XRD, and single crystal study demonstartes that it is a manganoan zincian winchite.
Reference: Dr. Frank Craig
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Van King
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Peters, Thomas, Koestler, Robert, Peters, Joseph, and Grube, Christian (1983) Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite ?2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Szaibélyite6.BA.15MgBO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorophoenicite8.BE.35(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Flinkite8.BE.30Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Jarosewichite8.BE.70Mn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
Pyrobelonite8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohedrite9.AE.30CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Esperite9.AB.15PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Ferrokinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hancockite9.BG.05a{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hardystonite9.BB.10Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Macfallite9.BG.15Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Margarosanite9.CA.25Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petedunnite9.DA.15Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Stilpnomelane ?9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Winchite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite ?2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Szaibélyite25.2.1.2MgBO2(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Chlorophoenicite41.1.1.1(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Jarosewichite41.1.1.3Mn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Flinkite41.3.3.1Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Pyrobelonite41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] as well as >[4]
Esperite51.2.1.3PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Clinohedrite52.2.1.2CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Hardystonite55.4.2.2Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hancockite58.2.1a.8{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Macfallite58.2.3.2Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Margarosanite59.1.2.2Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Petedunnite65.1.3a.5Ca(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Winchite66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane ?74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Ferrokinoshitalite-(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
H FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
H JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
H MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
BBoron
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C GraphiteC
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O ZinciteZnO
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
O MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O BaryteBaSO4
O PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
O FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
O JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
O RutileTiO2
O EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
O MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
O Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Mg Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
Mg Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Si MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Si EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S MilleriteNiS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Ca MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Ca EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Ca MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Ca Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
VVanadium
V PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Mn PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Mn FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Mn JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Mn MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
FeIron
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Zn ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Zn EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Zn PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Zn Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
AsArsenic
As FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
As JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
As Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
CeCerium
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
PbLead
Pb MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Pb PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Pb EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Pb Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
UUranium
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3188605
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2851639
Biotite-quartz-oligoclase gneiss

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: White- to light-gray-weathering, light- to medium-gray or greenish-gray, fine- to coarse-grained, massive to moderately well layered, foliated gneiss composed of oligoclase or andesine, quartz, biotite, and, locally, garnet. Commonly interlayered with amphibolite.

Comments: Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{biotite gneiss}, Minor:{amphibolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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