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Sahara Desert, North Africai
Regional Level Types
Sahara DesertDesert
North Africa- not defined -

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Key
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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Giza2,443,203 (2016)
Nouakchott661,400 (2017)
Port Sudan489,725 (2015)
Luxor422,407 (2016)
Asyūţ420,585 (2016)
Biskra307,987 (2018)


Being the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic, the Sahara covers most of North Africa.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

423 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Acapulcoite meteorite

'Actinolite schist'

Agglomerate

Albitized granite

Alkali-feldspar-granite

Amphibolite

Andesite

Angrite meteorite

'Anomalous CK3 chondrite meteorite'

'Anomalous EH7 chondrite meteorite'

'Anomalous ureilite meteorite'

Anorthosite

Anorthositic Lunar meteorite

'Aplite'

'Argillite'

'Arkose'

Ash

Aubrite meteorite

Banded iron formation

Basalt

Basaltic breccia Lunar meteorite

Bauxite

Beresite

'Biotite granite'

'Biotite schist'

'Birbirite'

'Bostonite'

Breccia

CH3 chondrite meteorite

CK4 chondrite meteorite

CO3 chondrite meteorite

'CO3.8 chondrite meteorite'

CR2 chondrite meteorite

CV3 chondrite meteorite

Calcrete

Carbonate rock

Chert

'Chlorite schist'

Chromitite

'Cipolin'

Conglomerate

Dacite

Diatexite

Diogenite meteorite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dunite

'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'

EH3 chondrite meteorite

'EL7 chondrite meteorite'

'Episyenite'

Feldspathic breccia

'Felsite'

'Fine tuff'

'Fulgurite'

Gabbro

'Gabbrodiorite'

Gabbroid

Gabbronorite

'Garnet-mica schist'

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

'Granitic gneiss'

Granitoid

Granodiorite

'Granophyric granite'

Granules

Granulite

'Graphitic schist'

Gravel

Greenschist

Greenstone

Greisen

'H3-5 chondrite meteorite'

'H3.9 chondrite meteorite'

H4 chondrite meteorite

H5 chondrite meteorite

H6 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

'Hornblende harzburgite'

Hornblende-gabbro

Hornblende-pyroxenite

Hornfels

Hyaloclastite

'Hydrothermal breccia'

IAB-sHL iron meteorite

IIAB iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

Ironstone

'Jaspillite'

'L/LL3.10 chondrite meteorite'

L3 chondrite meteorite

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'

'LL3.9 chondrite meteorite'

LL5 chondrite meteorite

'LL5/6 chondrite meteorite'

LL6 chondrite meteorite

Lamprophyre

Lapilli-tuff

Laterite

'Leptynite'

'Leucogabbro'

'Leucogranite'

Limestone

Listvenite

Lunar achondrite meteorite

Lunar regolith

'Mafic volcanic rock'

Magnetitite

Marble

'Melagabbro'

Mesosiderite meteorite

Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite

Meta-agglomerate

Meta-andesite

Metabasalt

Metadacite

Metagabbro

Metagreywacke

Metamudstone

Metaperidotite

Metasedimentary rock

Metasiltstone

Metatuff

Metavolcanic rock

Meteorite

'Mica schist'

'Microgabbro'

'Microgranite'

Migmatite

Minette

Monzodiorite

Monzogranite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mylonite

Nepheline-syenite

Norite

Noritic Lunar meteorite

Olivine-gabbronorite

Ophicarbonate

'Ophiolite'

Orthopyroxenite

Para-amphibolite

'Pegmatite'

'Peralkaline alkali-feldspar-granite'

'Peralkaline syenite'

Peridotite

Phyllite

'Pillow lava'

'Polymict ureilite meteorite'

'Porphyry'

Primitive achondrite meteorite

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-diorite

Quartzite

'R3.8-5 chondrite meteorite'

'Rapakivi granite'

Regolith breccia

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

Sandstone

Schist

Serpentinite

Shale

Shergottite meteorite

Silcrete

'Silexite'

Siltstone

Skarn

Sodalite-syenite

Spessartite

Spilite

Syenite

Tektite

'Tillite'

Tonalite

Trachyandesite

Trachyte

Troctolite

Tuff

Tuffite

'Ultramafic-rock'

Ultramylonite

'Unbrecciated eucrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped C2 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Ureilite meteorite

'Volcanic rock'

Volcaniclastic rock

'itabirite'

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Addibischoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Al6Al6O20
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Krot, A.N. (2015) Addibischoffite, IMA 2015-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 532; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535;Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Ahrensite (TL)
Formula: SiFe2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y. and Sinogeikin, S. (2013) Ahrensite, IMA 2013-028. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Helmy, H. M., & Kaindl, R. Mineralogy and fluid inclusion study of the molybdenum-uranium-fluorite deposit, Gebel Gattar area, Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Zoheir, B. A. (2008). Structural controls, temperature–pressure conditions and fluid evolution of orogenic gold mineralisation at the Betam mine, south Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 43(1), 79-95.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: M. Guiraud, J.R. Kienast, A. Rahmani : "Petrological study of high-temperature granulites from In Ouzal, Algeria : some implications on the phase relationships in the FMASTOCr system", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1375-1390.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Belyanin, G. A., Kramers, J. D., Andreoli, M. A., Greco, F., Gucsik, A., Makhubela, T. V., ... & Wiedenbeck, M. (2017). Petrography of the carbonaceous, diamond-bearing stone “Hypatia” from southwest Egypt: A contribution to the debate on its origin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: An 60
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Saidou, H., Hamzaoui, A. H., & Mnif, A. (2015). Insoluble Content, Ionic Composition, Density, and X-Ray Diffraction Spectra of 6 Evaporites from Niger Republic. Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry lost Mindat data).
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Ibrahim, M. E., Saleh, G. M., Dawood, N. A., & Aly, G. M. (2013). Ocellar lamprophyre dyke bearing mineralization, Wadi Nugrus, Eastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, mineralogy and geochemical implications. Journal of Geology and Mining Research, 2(4), 74-86.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Gatto Rotondo, G., Darchuk, L., Swaenen, M., & Van Grieken, R. (2012). Micro-Raman and SEM analysis of minerals from the Darhib mine, Egypt. Journal of analytical sciences, methods and instrumentation, 2(1), 42-47.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Ikeda, Y., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (2000) Lithic and mineral clasts in the Dar Al Gani (DAG) 319 polymict ureilite: Antarctic Meteorite Research. Twenty-fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, NIPR Symposium No. 13., Editor in Chief, Takeo Hirasawa. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. pp.177-221. (Mar 2000).
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P., Eggert, G., and Klapper, H. (1996) Die Struktur des Barstowits, 3PbCl2.PbCO3.H2O - bestimmt an einem Kristall aus einem Schiffswrack aus römischer Zeit. Zeitschrift für Kristallografie, Suppl. 11, 111.; Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P., and Eggert, G. (1997) Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.; Kutzke, H., Klapper, H., Merlino, S., Pasero, M., Perchiazzi, N., and Eggert, G. (2000) The crystal structure of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, determined on crystals from Etruscan slags and from a Late-Hellenistic shipwreck. Zeitschrift für Kristallografie, 215, 110-113.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.
Belyankinite
Formula: Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Helmy, H. M., & Kaindl, R. Mineralogy and fluid inclusion study of the molybdenum-uranium-fluorite deposit, Gebel Gattar area, Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Hassan, M.A., El Shatoury, H.M. (1976): Beryl occurrences in Egypt. Mining Geology, 26, 253-262; Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35; Grundmann, G., Morteani, G. (2008): Multi-stage emerald formation during Pan-African regional metamorphism: The Zabara, Sikait, Umm Kabo deposits, South Eastern desert of Egypt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 50, 2, 168-187.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series var: Horobetsuite'
Formula: (Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: http://www.minport.com/showmrds-I000122.html
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Calamine'
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Calcite Group'
Formula: AXO3
Reference: El-Makky, A.M.; Khalil, K.I.; Ibrahim, I.M. (2012): Hydrothermal wall rock alteration at Kurdeman gold mine area, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 189, 75-95.
'Calc-schist'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
'Cerite'
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Feb. 1999; Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Bavalite
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1027
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Pierrot, R. & Walter, J. (1961): Presence de chenevixite au Hoggar. Bull. Soc. Franc. Minéral, 84, 325. (in French)
Chenmingite (TL)
Formula: FeCr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2017) Chenmingite, IMA 2017-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1037; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715; Ma, C., Connolly, Jr., H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Kampf, A.R., Zega, T.J., Tschauner, O., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Brearleyite, IMA 2010-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 31; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31. [as brearleyite, later discredited]
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrichromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Abdel‐Karim, A. A. M., & El‐Shafei, S. A. (2018). Mineralogy and chemical aspects of some ophiolitic metaultramafics, central Eastern Desert, Egypt: Evidences from chromites, sulphides and gangues. Geological Journal, 53(2), 580-599.
Chromite var: Titaniferous Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Reference: Azer, M. K., & Stern, R. J. (2007). Neoproterozoic (835–720 Ma) serpentinites in the Eastern Desert, Egypt: fragments of forearc mantle. The Journal of Geology, 115(4), 457-472.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Pyknochlorite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Azer, M. K., & Stern, R. J. (2007). Neoproterozoic (835–720 Ma) serpentinites in the Eastern Desert, Egypt: fragments of forearc mantle. The Journal of Geology, 115(4), 457-472.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic augite'
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gian Paolo Sighinolfi, Chiara Elmi, Romano Serra, and Gabriele Contini (2014): High density silica phases as evidence of small-scale hypervelocity impacts: the Gebel Kamil Crater (Egypt). Periodico di Mineralogia 83, 299-312.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Y. Aoyagi, T. Mikouchi, C. A. Goodrich, Michael E. Zolensky (2013). Mineralogy of Grain Boundary Metal in Ureilitic Fragments of Almahata Sitta. 76th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held July 29-August 7, 2013 in Edmonton, Canada. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5231. (Sept 2013)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Columbite Group'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Helmy, H. M., & Kaindl, R. (1999). Mineralogy and fluid inclusion studies of the Au-Cu quartz veins in the Hamash area, South-Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogy and Petrology, 65(1-2), 69-86.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.336)2)
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Harraz, H. Z.; Hamdy, M. M. 2010. Interstratified vermiculite-mica in the gneiss-metapelite-serpentinite rocks at Hafafit area, Southern Eastern Desert, Egypt: From metasomatism to weathering. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 58, Issue 2, p. 305-320.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Shalaby, M., Osman, A., Ali, M., Ahamed, F., & Ali, B. (2002). Radioactive Mineralization in Pegmatites, of Dara-Um Swassi, Area North Eastern Desert, Egypt. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Earth Sciences, 50(1), 51-66.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
'Desert Rose'
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: http://www.rexmining.be/rdmc/Pressroom/1999/1999_06_29_E.htm; Rex Diamond Mining Corp. Investors Brief.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Tom Praskier has been to the locality and confirmed dioptase with (unknown) tests
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Gannoun, A., Boyet, M., El Goresy, A., & Devouard, B. (2011). REE and actinide microdistribution in Sahara 97072 and ALHA77295 EH3 chondrites: A combined cosmochemical and petrologic investigation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(11), 3269-3289
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Donwilhelmsite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4Si2O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Fritz, J., Greshake, A., Klementova, M., Wirth, R., Palatinus, L., Assis Fernandes, V., Böttger, U. and Ferrière, L. (2019) Donwilhelmsite, IMA 2018-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 201; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Eguëite'
Formula: CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 955.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y., Tlig, S. & Lévy, C. (1996): Sulfide geochemistry and genesis of Chouichia and Ain el Bey copper deposits in northwestern Tunisia. Mineralium Deposita 31, 188-200.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Description: Erlichmanite(Osmium sulfide) & Laurite (Ruthenium sulfide)form solid solutions and intimate intergrowths
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y., Tlig, S. & Lévy, C. (1996): Sulfide geochemistry and genesis of Chouichia and Ain el Bey copper deposits in northwestern Tunisia. Mineralium Deposita 31, 188-200.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: Hadj-Kaddour, Z., Liegeois, J. P., Demaiffe, D., & Caby, R. (1998). The alkaline–peralkaline granitic post-collisional Tin Zebane dyke swarm (Pan-African Tuareg shield, Algeria): prevalent mantle signature and late agpaitic differentiation. Lithos, 45(1), 223-243.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Sami, M., Ntaflos, T., Farahat, E.S., Mohamed, H.A., Ahmed, A.F., Hauzenberger, C. (2017): Mineralogical, geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopes characteristics of fluorite-bearing granites in the Northern Arabian-Nubian Shield, Egypt: Constraints on petrogenesis and evolution of their associated rare metal mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews: 88: 1-22; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13796 (2017)
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Greshake, A. (1997). The primitive matrix components of the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094: A TEM study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61 (2): 437–452. (Jan 1997). ; Wasson, J. T. & Rubin, A. E. (2010). Matrix and whole-rock fractionations in the Acfer 094 type 3.0 ungrouped carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (1): 73-90. (Jan 2010).
'Ferritchromit'
'Ferro-barroisite'
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mona Kabesh, Asran M. Asran and Ezzat Abdel Rahman (2012) Mineral chemistry of banded migmatites from Hafafit and Feiran areas, Egypt. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 1866-7511:1-13
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry lost Mindat data).
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
'Geikielite-Ilmenite Series'
Description: Ilmenite with up to 10 wt% MgO. Inclusions in intercumulus picotite (subsolidus quenching and exchange with picotite).
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Zoheir, B. (2011). Transpressional zones in ophiolitic mélange terranes: potential exploration targets for gold in the South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 111(1), 23-38.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Na-Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: G. Brandstetter collection; Service Geologique de Tunesie label and specimen
Grossite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Weber D, Bischoff A (1994) Grossite (CaAl4O7) - a rare phase in terrestrial rocks and meteorites, European Journal of Mineralogy 6, 591-594
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Denver Region Exploration Geologists Society October 6, 2008 Technical Presentation Alteration and Mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein Magnetite-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Akjoujt, Mauritania. Michael J. Kirschbaum and Murray Hitzman. ; Mineralium Deposita (2006) 41:68-81
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Heideite
Formula: (Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Reference: Lehner, S. W., Nemeth, P., Petaev, M. I., & Buseck, P. R. (2013). Origin of Fine-Grained Albite in an EH3 Sulfidized Chondrule. LPI Contributions, 1719, 2500.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Gatto Rotondo, G., Darchuk, L., Swaenen, M., & Van Grieken, R. (2012). Micro-Raman and SEM analysis of minerals from the Darhib mine, Egypt. Journal of analytical sciences, methods and instrumentation, 2(1), 42-47.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hexamolybdenum
Formula: (Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715.
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hoganite
Formula: Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Hollandite ?
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Kristalle specimen
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Horomanite
Formula: Fe6Ni3S8
Reference: Zoheir, B. (2011). Transpressional zones in ophiolitic mélange terranes: potential exploration targets for gold in the South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 111(1), 23-38.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Gatto Rotondo, G., Darchuk, L., Swaenen, M., & Van Grieken, R. (2012). Micro-Raman and SEM analysis of minerals from the Darhib mine, Egypt. Journal of analytical sciences, methods and instrumentation, 2(1), 42-47.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Harraz, H. Z.; Hamdy, M. M. 2010. Interstratified vermiculite-mica in the gneiss-metapelite-serpentinite rocks at Hafafit area, Southern Eastern Desert, Egypt: From metasomatism to weathering. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 58, Issue 2, p. 305-320.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
'Hydrophlogopite'
Reference: Harraz, H. Z.; Hamdy, M. M. 2010. Interstratified vermiculite-mica in the gneiss-metapelite-serpentinite rocks at Hafafit area, Southern Eastern Desert, Egypt: From metasomatism to weathering. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 58, Issue 2, p. 305-320.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ianthinite
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Description: Along with sperrylite, most abundant of noble metal containing phases
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Reference: Yehia H. Dawood (2011) Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of Uranyl Minerals Associated with Psammitic Gneisses, Abu Rusheid Area, South Eastern Desert of Egypt. JKAU: Earth Sci., Vol. 21, No. 1, pp: 137-169; Raslan, M. F., & Ali, M. A. (2011). Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of rare-metal pegmatites at Abu Rusheid granitic gneisses, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Geologija, 54(2), 205-222.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://www.gras-sd.com/products/bro_basemetel.htm
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Ozawa, S., Ohtani, E., Suzuki, A., Miyahara, M., Terada, K., & Kimura, M. (2007, December). Shock metamorphism of L6 chondrites Sahara 98222 and Yamato 74445: the PT conditions and the shock age. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Kanemite (TL)
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1972) 95, 372-382
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Karenwebberite
Formula: Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
Reference: V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Na-Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Keilite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)S
Reference: Addi Bischoff, Mariam Horstmann, Andreas Pack, Matthias Laubstein & Siegfried Haberer (2010). Asteroid 2008 TC3—Almahata Sitta: A spectacular breccia containing many different ureilitic and chondritic lithologies. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, (#10-11), 1638-1657-1667. (Oct-Nov 2010).
Keldyshite
Formula: (Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Krotite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, Jr, H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Krotite, IMA 2010-038. CNMNC Newsletter, October 2010, page 901; Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 899-902.
Kumdykolite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Péter Németh, Stephen W. Lehner, Michail I. Petaev, Peter R. Buseck (2013): Kumdykolite, a high-temperature feldspar from an enstatite chondrite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1070-1073.
Kushiroite
Formula: CaAl[AlSiO6]
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Kushiroite var: Ti-kushiroite
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lakargiite
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Description: Erlichmanite (Osmium sulfide) & Laurite (Ruthenium sulfide)form solid solutions and intimate intergrowths.
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: S. Tosson et al. , Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 27-39.
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Liandratite
Formula: U(Nb,Ta)2O8
'Libyan Desert Glass'
Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan_desert_glass; http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C3%BCstenglas
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Loveringite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Description: Inclusions in picotite. Up to 8 wt% ZrO2.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y., Tlig, S. & Lévy, C. (1996): Sulfide geochemistry and genesis of Chouichia and Ain el Bey copper deposits in northwestern Tunisia. Mineralium Deposita 31, 188-200.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Abdel‐Karim, A. A. M., & El‐Shafei, S. A. (2018). Mineralogy and chemical aspects of some ophiolitic metaultramafics, central Eastern Desert, Egypt: Evidences from chromites, sulphides and gangues. Geological Journal, 53(2), 580-599.
'Maskelynite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Masutomilite
Formula: (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Masuyite
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: B.H. Ali, M.G. El-Feky, M.A. Ali and E.K. Abu Zeid, (2008) Mineralogical and Fluid Inclusions Studies on the Mineralized Bostonite Dykes at UM Guruf Area, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 1: 158-167.
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Feb. 1999; Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Melliniite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Fe)4P
Reference: V. Moggi-Cecchi et al., 2005
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Palladian Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Yehia H. Dawood (2011) Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of Uranyl Minerals Associated with Psammitic Gneisses, Abu Rusheid Area, South Eastern Desert of Egypt. JKAU: Earth Sci., Vol. 21, No. 1, pp: 137-169
'Metafelsic-rock'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Meteoritic Iron'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Helba, H., Trumbull, R.B., Morteani, G., Khalil, S.O., and Arslan, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 164-179.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minrecordite ?
Formula: CaZn(CO3)2
Description: ID by x-ray (may be a bit questionable)
Reference: Belhai, D., Sahoui, R., & Devouard, B. (2012, March). New Studies about the Maadna Impact Crater (Talemzane, Algeria). In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 43).
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Moluranite
Formula: H4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Moncheite var: Chengbolite
Description: A single grain was analyzed (Schulze,1998).
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Gian Paolo Sighinolfi, Chiara Elmi, Romano Serra, and Gabriele Contini (2014): High density silica phases as evidence of small-scale hypervelocity impacts: the Gebel Kamil Crater (Egypt). Periodico di Mineralogia 83, 299-312.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sami, M., Ntaflos, T., Farahat, E.S., Mohamed, H.A., Ahmed, A.F., Hauzenberger, C. (2017): Mineralogical, geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopes characteristics of fluorite-bearing granites in the Northern Arabian-Nubian Shield, Egypt: Constraints on petrogenesis and evolution of their associated rare metal mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews: 88: 1-22; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13796 (2017)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Geiger, T. & Spettel, B. (1992) Mineralogy and Chemistry of the EL-Chondritic Melt Rock Ilafegh-009 (Abstract): LPSC XXIII: page 105. (March 1992); McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: S. Tosson et al. , Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 27-39.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
'Ochre'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Description: 3 small grains
Reference: McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Greshake, A., Bischoff, A. & Putnis, A. (1996). Pure CaO, MgO (Periclase), TiO2 (Rutile), and Al2O3 (Corundum) in Ca,Al-rich Inclusions from Carbonaceous Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, p. 463. (March 1996).
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Anthony Ham (2002) Libya (Lonely Planet Country Guide)
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Phlogopite var: Chromian Phlogopite
Formula: K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Ti-Cr phlogopite.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
'Plessite'
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Abia, E. H., Nachit, H., Marignac, C., Ibhi, A., & Saadi, S. A. (2003). The polymetallic Au–Ag-bearing veins of Bou Madine (Jbel Ougnat, eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco): tectonic control and evolution of a Neoproterozoic epithermal deposit. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36(4), 251-271.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Helmy, H. M., & Kaindl, R. Mineralogy and fluid inclusion study of the molybdenum-uranium-fluorite deposit, Gebel Gattar area, Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Abd El-Naby, H.H. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 436-446.
'Potash Feldspar'
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite
Formula: [(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
'Protolithionite'
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Ko Jansen collection photo id 681252
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Description: Mg-rich pseudobrookite inclusions in picotite. Ferri-armalcolite.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.339)
'Psilomelane'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Abia, E. H., Nachit, H., Marignac, C., Ibhi, A., & Saadi, S. A. (2003). The polymetallic Au–Ag-bearing veins of Bou Madine (Jbel Ougnat, eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco): tectonic control and evolution of a Neoproterozoic epithermal deposit. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36(4), 251-271.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 208 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zoheir, B.A. (2008) Characteristics and genesis of shear zone-related gold mineralization in Egypt: A case study from the Um El Tuyor mine, south Eastern Desert. Ore Geology Reviews 34:3, 445-470.
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p 329)
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 320 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Harrell, J.A. and Bloxam, E.G. (2004) Stela Ridge Carnelian Mine, Nubian Desert. Fifty-Fifth Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Tucson, AZ. Program and Abstracts: 52.; Harrell, James A., Sidebotham, Steven E., Bagnall, Roger S., Marchand, Sylvie, Gates, Jennifer E., and Rivard, Jean-Louis (2006) The Ptolemaic to Early Roman Amethyst Quarry at Abu Diyeiba in Egypt’s Eastern Desert. Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO), 106, 127-162.; Gilg, H.A. (2012) Ancient Gems: Egyptian Amethyst. In: Amethyst: Uncommon Vintage. ExtraLapis No. 16 Lithographie Monograph. Denver, 22-25.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapis 39 (2014), p. 70
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: http://www.gras-sd.com/products/bro_basemetel.htm
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Gatto Rotondo, G., Darchuk, L., Swaenen, M., & Van Grieken, R. (2012). Micro-Raman and SEM analysis of minerals from the Darhib mine, Egypt. Journal of analytical sciences, methods and instrumentation, 2(1), 42-47.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Reference: El-Naby, H. H. A. (2009). Role of geochemical alteration on the formation of secondary Zr-and U-bearing minerals in El Atshan trachyte, central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 104(1), 37-51.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Raslan, M. F., El-Shall, H. E., Omar, S. A., & Daher, A. M. (2010). Mineralogy of polymetallic mineralized pegmatite of Ras Baroud granite, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 105(3), 123-134.
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Description: Occurs on copper alloy objects (anthropogenic origin).
Reference: Fabrizi, M., Ganiaris, H., Tarling, S.E., and Scott, D.A. (1989) The occurrence of sampleite, a complex copper phosphate, as a corrosion product on copper alloy objects from Memphis, Egypt. Studies in Conservation: 34: 45-51.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Saponite-serpentine intergrowths in some dark inclusions indicative of disequilibrium.
Reference: Greshake, A., Krot, A. N. & Keil, K. (2004) Mineralogy and Chemistry of Fine-grained Matrices, Rims, and Dark Inclusions in the CR Carbonaceous Chondrites Acfer/El Djouf 001 and the Ungrouped Carbonaceous Chondrites Acfer 094 and Adelaide. Workshop on Chondrites and Protoplanetary Disk, pdf.9041. (Nov 2004)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: V. V. Sharygin, N. S. Karmanov and N. M. Podgornykh (2016) Na-Fe-Phosphate Globules in Impact Metal-Troilite Associations of Chelyabinsk Meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (2016)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Schröckingerite
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jianyong Hu, Lun Yang, Hui Li, and Jianquan Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 505-511
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Silica'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Ahmed El Goresy, Y. Lin, L. Feng, M. Boyet, J. Hao, J. Zhang & L. Dubrovinsky (2012). Almahata Sitta EL-3 Chondrites: Sinoite, Graphite, and Oldhamite (CsS) Assemblages C- and N-Isotopic Compositions and REE Patterns. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held August 12-17, 2012 in Cairns, Australia. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5108. ( Sept2012).
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Soapstone'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
'Sodic plagioclase'
Reference: Abouzeid, A. Z. M., & Negm, A. T. A. (2014). Characterization and Beneficiation of an Egyptian Nepheline Syenite Ore. International Journal of Mineralogy, 2014.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Description: Along with irarsite - most abundant of noble metal containing phases
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Description: Pleonaste and Cr-Pleonaste appear as two distinct varieties or phases in this meteorite
Reference: Weisberg et al., (2008) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 94: Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43 (9): 1551-1588. (Sept 2008) ; Anorthite, Diopside, Olivine; Merrillite, Pleonaste, Spinel, Troilite
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Helba, H., Trumbull, R.B., Morteani, G., Khalil, S.O., and Arslan, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 164-179.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
'Synchysite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Smykatz-Kloss, W., & Roy, P. D. (2010). Mineralogía de evaporitas y geoquímica de elementos mayores como herramientas para la investigación paleoclimática en regiones áridas: una síntesis. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(3), 379-390.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Fengxiang Wang, Yu'an Zhao, Yan Sun, and Hua Chai (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(4), 730-743
Tazheranite
Formula: (Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Helmy, H. M. (2005). Melonite group minerals and other tellurides from three Cu–Ni–PGE prospects, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Ore Geology Reviews, 26(3-4), 305-324.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: http://www.archive.org/stream/latunisie00laneuoft/latunisie00laneuoft_djvu.txt
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Reference: J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Tissintite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Liu, Y. and Tschauner, O. (2013) Tissintite, IMA 2013-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Liu, Y., Rossman, G.R., Zhuravlev, K., Prakapenka, V., Dera, P., Taylor, L.A. (2015): Tissintite, (Ca, Na, □)AlSi2O6, a highly-defective, shock-induced, high-pressure clinopyroxene in the Tissint martian meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422, 194-205
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Abdelnasser, A., Kumral, M. (2017) The nature of gold-bearing fluids in Atud gold deposit, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. International Geology Review, 59:15, 1845-1860.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mittlefehldt, D. W., McCoy, T. J., Goodrich, C. A. & Kracher, A. (1998). Non-chondritic meteorites from asteroidal bodies. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J. [Ed.]): Chapter 4, 195 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tsangpoite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Reference: Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., Varela, M. E., & Iizuka, Y. (2016, March). Tsangpoite: The Unknown Calcium Silico Phosphate Phase in the Angrite D'Orbigny. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1466).
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Helmy, H. M. (2005). Melonite group minerals and other tellurides from three Cu–Ni–PGE prospects, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Ore Geology Reviews, 26(3-4), 305-324.
Tuite
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.340)
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranopilite
Formula: (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Uranopolycrase
Formula: (U4+,Y)(Ti,Nb)2O6
Reference: Helmy, H. M., & Kaindl, R. Mineralogy and fluid inclusion study of the molybdenum-uranium-fluorite deposit, Gebel Gattar area, Eastern Desert, Egypt.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Wadsleyite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Reference: Ozawa, S., Ohtani, E., Suzuki, A., Miyahara, M., Terada, K., & Kimura, M. (2007, December). Shock metamorphism of L6 chondrites Sahara 98222 and Yamato 74445: the PT conditions and the shock age. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
'Wiikite'
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y. & Tlig, S. (1990): Caractérisaton minéralogique et signifiance métallogénique des sulfures bismuthifères des minéralisations de La Galite et du Jebel Chouichia (NW de la tunisie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2, 311, 127-132.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Wüstite var: Magnesiowüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Masaaki Miyahara1, Eiji Ohtani, Shin Ozawa, Makoto Kimura, Ahmed El Goresy, Takeshi Sakai1, Toshiro Nagase1, Kenji Hiraga, Naohisa Hirao, Yasuo Ohishi (2011) Dissociation of olivine to silicate-perovskite and magesiowustite in the shocked Martian meteorite DaG 735. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
'Xenotime'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Ibrahim, M. E., Saleh, G. M., Dawood, N. A., & Aly, G. M. (2013). Ocellar lamprophyre dyke bearing mineralization, Wadi Nugrus, Eastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, mineralogy and geochemical implications. Journal of Geology and Mining Research, 2(4), 74-86.
'Zinnwaldite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Hussein, H. A., & Bakhit, F. S. (1988). Uranium-Bearing Alkaline Volcanics of North Wadi Kariem and Surroundings, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mining Geology, 38(207), 39-48.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Barringerite1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Chromium1.AE.05Cr
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Melliniite (TL)1.BD.20(Ni,Fe)4P
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Suessite1.BB.05(Fe,Ni)3Si
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Benleonardite2.LA.50[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Heideite2.DA.15(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Horomanite2.BB.Fe6Ni3S8
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jordisite2.EA.30MoS2
Keilite2.CD.10(Fe2+,Mg)S
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Palladian Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
var: Chengbolite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Addibischoffite (TL)4.BC.Ca2Al6Al6O20
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Belyankinite4.FM.25Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chenmingite (TL)4.BB.FeCr2O4
Chlormayenite4.CC.20Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrichromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite (TL)4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hollandite ?4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ianthinite4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ishikawaite4.DB.25U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lakargiite4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Liandratite4.DH.35U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Loveringite4.CC.40(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Masuyite4.GB.35Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Schoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tazheranite4.DL.10(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Uranopolycrase4.DG.05(U4+,Y)(Ti,Nb)2O6
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
var: Magnesiowüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Minrecordite ?5.AB.10CaZn(CO3)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Schröckingerite5.EG.05NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Moluranite7.HA.15H4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Uranopilite7.EA.05(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Karenwebberite8.AB.10Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tuite8.AC.45Ca3(PO4)2
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ahrensite (TL)9.AC.SiFe2O4
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Aspidolite9.EC.20NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Bavalite9.EC.55(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
var: Pyknochlorite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
var: Sheridanite9.EC.55(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Ferro-barroisite'9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kanemite (TL)9.EF.25HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Keldyshite9.BC.10(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kumdykolite9.FA.45Na(AlSi3O8)
Kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
var: Ti-kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Masutomilite9.EC.20(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Chromian Phlogopite9.EC.20K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite9.DE.25[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ringwoodite9.AC.15(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sklodowskite9.AK.10Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Soddyite9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Wadsleyite9.BE.02(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Hoganite10.AA.35Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'-
'var: Horobetsuite'-(Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Calc-schist'-
'Calcite Group'-AXO3
'Cerite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
'Desert Rose'-
Donwilhelmsite (TL)-CaAl4Si2O11
'Eguëite'-CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferganite'-LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferritchromit'-
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Geikielite-Ilmenite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrophlogopite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
Krotite (TL)-CaAl2O4
'Lepidolite'-
'Libyan Desert Glass'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Metafelsic-rock'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Ochre'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Plessite'-
'Potash Feldspar'-
'Protolithionite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Soapstone'-
'Sodic plagioclase'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Tissintite (TL)-(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'-☐{Ca2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'Wad'-
'Wiikite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium1.1.1.5Al
Barringerite1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Chromium1.1.12.1Cr
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Suessite1.1.23.1(Fe,Ni)3Si
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Horomanite2.7.2.3Fe6Ni3S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Heideite2.10.2.3(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Jordisite2.12.11.1MoS2
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Benleonardite3.1.10.1[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Tazheranite4.4.13.1(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Masuyite5.2.2.1Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Schoepite5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
AX6O17·xH2O
Ianthinite5.6.1.1U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite (TL)7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite ?7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Miscellaneous
Chlormayenite7.11.3.1Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Ishikawaite8.1.4.1U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Liandratite8.1.9.1U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'8.2.1.6A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Uranopolycrase8.3.8.5(U4+,Y)(Ti,Nb)2O6
AB21O38
Loveringite8.5.1.2(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Miscellaneous
Belyankinite8.7.8.1Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Barstowite12.1.7.1Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Rutherfordine14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Minrecordite ?14.2.1.4CaZn(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Schröckingerite17.1.5.1NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uranopilite31.2.6.1(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Karenwebberite38.1.1.4Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Tuite38.3.4.6Ca3(PO4)2
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Francevillite40.2a.27.1Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Acid Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates
Moluranite49.1.2.1H4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Ringwoodite51.3.3.1(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Wadsleyite51.3.4.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Sklodowskite53.3.1.3Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Keldyshite55.2.2.1(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kushiroite65.1.3.8CaAl[AlSiO6]
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Masutomilite71.2.2b.12(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Kanemite (TL)73.1.5.1HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Vishnevite76.2.5.15(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Addibischoffite (TL)-Ca2Al6Al6O20
Ahrensite (TL)-SiFe2O4
Akimotoite-(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Asbestos'-
Aspidolite-NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'-
'var: Horobetsuite'-(Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Calc-schist'-
'Calcite Group'-AXO3
'Cerite'-
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
Chamosite
var: Bavalite
-(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chenmingite (TL)-FeCr2O4
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Chromite
var: Ferrichromite
-Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Chromite-Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
var: Pyknochlorite-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
var: Sheridanite-(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
'Desert Rose'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Donwilhelmsite (TL)-CaAl4Si2O11
'Eguëite'-CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferganite'-LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferritchromit'-
'Ferro-barroisite'-☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Geikielite-Ilmenite Series'-
'Glass'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Hoganite-Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrophlogopite'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
Ixiolite
var: Wolframoixiolite
-(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Keilite-(Fe2+,Mg)S
Krotite (TL)-CaAl2O4
Kumdykolite-Na(AlSi3O8)
Kushiroite
var: Ti-kushiroite
-CaAl[AlSiO6]
Lakargiite-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Lechatelierite-SiO2
'Lepidolite'-
'Libyan Desert Glass'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lingunite-(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melliniite (TL)-(Ni,Fe)4P
Melonite
var: Palladian Melonite
-NiTe2
'Metafelsic-rock'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Moncheite
var: Chengbolite
-(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nickel-iron'-
Nickelphosphide-(Ni,Fe)3P
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
'Ochre'-
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
Phlogopite
var: Chromian Phlogopite
-K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Plessite'-
'Potash Feldspar'-
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite-[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
'Protolithionite'-
'Psilomelane'-
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel-SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz-SiO2
var: Gwindel-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Soapstone'-
'Sodic plagioclase'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
Tissintite (TL)-(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'-☐{Ca2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'Wiikite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wüstite
var: Magnesiowüstite
-FeO
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H EguëiteCaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H Hastingsite (var: Alkali-ferrohastingsite){Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe32+Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Sheridanite)(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Uranopolycrase(U4+,Y)(Ti,Nb)2O6
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Tremolite-Actinolite Series☐{Ca2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
H SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
H Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H BelyankiniteCa1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
H MoluraniteH4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
H SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chamosite (var: Bavalite)(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
H Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Phlogopite (var: Chromian Phlogopite)K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C DiamondC
C SideriteFeCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C MoissaniteSiC
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
C SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CoheniteFe3C
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
C MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
NNitrogen
N SinoiteSi2N2O
N OsborniteTiN
N NieriteSi3N4
OOxygen
O KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
O KrotiteCaAl2O4
O DonwilhelmsiteCaAl4Si2O11
O Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
O AhrensiteSiFe2O4
O ChenmingiteFeCr2O4
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
O AddibischoffiteCa2Al6Al6O20
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O QuartzSiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
O FerganiteLiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O SideriteFeCO3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Chromite (var: Titaniferous Chromite)Fe2+Cr23+O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Eisenkiesel)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O GehleniteCa2A