Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Chah Khouni Mine (Chah Khoni Mine; Tschah Khuni Mine; El Khun Mine), Anarak District, Nain County (Nayin County), Isfahan, Irani
Regional Level Types
Chah Khouni Mine (Chah Khoni Mine; Tschah Khuni Mine; El Khun Mine)Mine
Anarak DistrictDistrict
Nain County (Nayin County)County
IsfahanProvince
IranCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 26' 21'' North , 54° 11' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.43944,54.19917
GeoHash:G#: tjyw1r6wu
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


The Chah-Khouni mine, about 50 kilometers east-northeast of Anarak is characterized by polymetallic gold mineralization. The mine was co-operated in late 1936-37 by the Persian Pahlavi dynasty and the German Reich and lasted till mid-September 1941 when German engineers and technicians were forced to leave Iran just before the Anglo-Soviet invasion. Mining resumed after World War II, following the re-establishment of diplomatic relations in October 1953. Operations finally ceased by the early 1960s due to low ore grade.
The host rock is a tectonized dolomitic marble of the Anarak metamorphites. The oxidized zone is represented by dolomitized breccia with remnants of minerals like chalcopyrite, galena, pyrite, sphalerite, and magnetite. The ore deposits are confined to two groups of fractures, those with a northwest strike that dip to the northeast and those with a northeast strike that dip towards the southeast. The mineralized patches of the fault zones have been worked out by prospectors. These minor workings are narrow cuts, oriented along the fractures with an extension up to five meters. In a few places, these workings have extended as a chain, up to forty meters. In the eastern part, in the schist unit, a greyish black dolomitic horizon of 2 kilometers long and 300 meters width occurs. It narrows gradually and eventually wedges out. Larger scale mining was done in the central part of the Chah-Khouni deposit through an adit with a shaft, several pits and numerous other mining excavations (Romanko et al. 1984).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Aurichalcite ?
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Hemihedrite
Formula: Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Iranite
Formula: Pb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
'UM1970-15-O:Pb'
Formula: Pb9O16
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite ?5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Hemihedrite7.FC.15Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Iranite7.FC.15Pb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'UM1970-15-O:Pb'-Pb9O16

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Miscellaneous
Murdochite4.6.5.1PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite ?16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
Group 36 - COMPOUND CHROMATES
Miscellaneous
Hemihedrite36.1.1.2Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Iranite36.1.1.1Pb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
'UM1970-15-O:Pb'-Pb9O16

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O CerussitePbCO3
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O UM1970-15-O:PbPb9O16
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlattneritePbO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Si HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CovelliteCuS
ClChlorine
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cl MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
KPotassium
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cr HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
MnManganese
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cu MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Zn HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
BrBromine
Br MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb UM1970-15-O:PbPb9O16
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Oligocene - Late Eocene
23.03 - 37.8 Ma



ID: 3318356

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 37.8 Ma)

Description: Late Eocene-Early Oligocene granite

Reference: Sahandi, M.R., and M. Soheili (compilers). 1:1,000,000 scale Bedrock and Structural geology of Iran. National Geoscience Database of Iran. [191]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3188225
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Adib, D. and Ottemann, J. (1970) Some new lead oxide minerals and Murdochite from T. Khuni Mine, Anarak, Iran. Mineralium Deposita 5: 86-93.
Adib, D. (1972) Mineralogische untersuchungen in der oxydationszone der lagerstatte Tschah Khuni, Anarak, Zentral Iran. Inaugural dissertation. Heildelberg-Tehran.
Bariand, P. (1963) Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie: 86: 17-64.
Bariand, P. (2003) Un aperçu général sur la minéralogie de I'Iran. Le Règne Minéral: 54: 41-51.
Bariand, P. (2008) Mémoires d'un Minéralogiste sans Frontières. Le Règne Minéral, Paris. 144 pp.
Bariand, P. and Herpin, P. (1963) Une nouvelle espece minerale: l'iranite, chromate hydrate de plomb. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie et de cristallographie: 86: 133-135.
Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1980) Rare chromates from Seh­Changi. Iran. Mineralogical Record: 293-297.
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Mereiter, K., Paar, W.H., and Clark, A.M. (2004) Herbertsmithite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new species, and the definition of paratacamite. Mineralogical Magazine: 68(3): 527–539.
Hairapetian, V., Pelckmans, H., Welting, T., Sarami, A., and Hosseini, P. (2016). New Finds of Mimetite and Vanadinite from Central Iran. Rocks and Minerals, 91 (5): 402-413.
Romanko, E., Kokorin, Y., Krivyakin, B., Susov, M., Morozov, L., and Sharkovski, M. (1984) Outline of metallogeny of Anarak area (Central Iran). V/O Technoexport, Report no. 21: 1-136. Tehran.
Yang, H., Sano, J.L., Eichler, C., Downs, R.T., and Costin, G. (2007) Iranite, CuPb10(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2, isomorphous with hemihedrite. Acta Crystallographica: Section C: 63: 122-124.
Wilke, H.-J. (1977) Persisches Tagebuch. Lapis: 2 (9): 30-34.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 17, 2019 09:36:15 Page generated: January 8, 2019 19:19:12
Go to top of page