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Renazzo meteorite, Renazzo, Cento, Ferrara Province, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 46' 0'' North , 11° 16' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.76667,11.28333
GeoHash:G#: srbn8v828
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:CR2 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:CR2
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Meteorite di Renazzo, Renazzo, Cento, Provincia di Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italia


Official name: Renazzo
Synonymes: Arenazzo, Cento, Ferrara
Observed fall: yes
Fall: 1824, January 15, 20:30 hrs
Coordinates (Catalogue of Meteorites): 44°46'N, 11°17'E
Approx. recovered weight: 10 kg, 1083 g preserved
Carbonaceous chondrite, type CR2

The Renazzo (CR2) meteorite fell on 15 January 1824 with bright lights and loud sounds near the village of Renazzo, north of Cento. Three stones with a total mass of approximately 10 kg were recovered, the largest weighing about 5 kg. It was described by Cordier (1827), with an analysis by Laugier, and there are numerous references to it in the nineteenth-century literature, which is enumerated by Wülfing (1897). Wülfing was able to account for some 1083 grams in collections, the largest amount (441 grams) being in the Mineralogical Institute of the University of Bologna. Renazzo is the prototype for the CR (Renazzo-like) Carbonaceous Chondrites and was the first of only three observed CR falls. However, a number of additional CR meteorites have now been recovered. Tafassasset, recovered from Niger in 2000, has a reported mass of 114 kg.

Like all carbonaceous chondrite, Renazzo and other CR carbonaceous chondrites have nearly solar Mg/Si ratios and similar oxygen isotope ratios. The CR chemical group is further distinguished by large, abundant porphyritic chondrules (50 vol%), abundant metal (5-8 vol%), and fine-grained matrix that is commonly hydrated. Renazzo carbonaceous chondrite provided the first hints that meteorites might contain pristine stardust with anomalous levels of isotopes of xenon (Reynolds & Turner, 1964).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316; Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316; Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weisberg, M. K. , Prinz, M., Clayton, R. N. , and Mayeda, T.K. (1989) The Renazzo-type CR chondrites. Meteoritics, 24, 339 (abstract); Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
'CR2 chondrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Daubréelite ?
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
'Glass'
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: Weisberg, M. K. , Prinz, M., Clayton, R. N. , and Mayeda, T.K. (1989) The Renazzo-type CR chondrites. Meteoritics, 24, 339 (abstract).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305; Schrader, D. L., Connolly, H.C., and Lauretta, D.S. (2008) Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 6124-6140; Schrader, D. L., Zega, T. J., Lauretta, D., and Connolly, H.C. (2009) Microstructure of sulfide-assemblages in a Renazzo type-II chondrule as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Lunar and Planetary Science, XL), id. #2181.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Weisberg, M. K. , Prinz, M., Clayton, R. N. , and Mayeda, T.K. (1989) The Renazzo-type CR chondrites. Meteoritics, 24, 339 (abstract); Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Schrader, D. L., Connolly, H.C., and Lauretta, D.S. (2008) Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 6124-6140; Schrader, D. L., Zega, T. J., Lauretta, D., and Connolly, H.C. (2009) Microstructure of sulfide-assemblages in a Renazzo type-II chondrule as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Lunar and Planetary Science, XL), id. #2181.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Weisberg, M. K. , Prinz, M., Clayton, R. N. , and Mayeda, T.K. (1989) The Renazzo-type CR chondrites. Meteoritics, 24, 339 (abstract); Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Schrader, D. L., Zega, T. J., Lauretta, D., and Connolly, H.C. (2009) Microstructure of sulfide-assemblages in a Renazzo type-II chondrule as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Lunar and Planetary Science, XL), id. #2181.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305.
Saponite var: Sobotkite
Formula: (K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Reference: Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
'Silica'
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Reference: Schrader, D. L., Connolly, H.C., and Lauretta, D.S. (2008) Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 6124-6140.; Schrader, D. L., Zega, T. J., Lauretta, D., and Connolly, H.C. (2009) Microstructure of sulfide-assemblages in a Renazzo type-II chondrule as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Lunar and Planetary Science, XL), id. #2181.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.; Schrader, D. L., Connolly, H.C., and Lauretta, D.S. (2008) Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 6124-6140.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Daubréelite' ?2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Cristobalite'4.DA.15SiO2
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Clinoenstatite'9.DA.10MgSiO3
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Sobotkite9.EC.45(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'CR2 chondrite meteorite'-
Glass-
Melilite Group-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silica-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite ?2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Sobotkite71.3.1b.1(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'CR2 chondrite meteorite'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
NaSodium
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
AlAluminium
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
SSulfur
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
S TroiliteFeS
KPotassium
K Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Saponite (var: Sobotkite)(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3162645
Pliocene clay

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{clay}, Minor{sand,conglomerate,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185031
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cordier, L. (1827) Rapport fait à l'Académie des Sciences, sur une Pierre météorique tombée près de Ferrare en 1824. Annales de Chimie et de Physique, 34, 132-139.
Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Wülfing, E.A. (1897) Die Meteoriten in Sammlungen und ihre Literatur. Verlag der H. Laupp'schen Buchhandlung, Tübingen, 461 pp.
Mason, B., and Wiik, H.B. (1962) The Renazzo meteorite. American Museum Novitates, number 2106, 11 pp.
Reynolds, J.H., and Turner, G. (1964) Rare gases in the chondrite Renazzo. Journal of Geophysical Research, 69, 3263-3281.
Baldanza, B. (1965) Italian meteorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 35, 214-232.
Hey, M.H. (1966) Catalogue of Meteorites. 3th Edition. Trustees of the British Museum, London, XXVIII + 637 pp.
Mason, B. (1971) The carbonaceous chondrites — a selective review. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 6, 2, 59-70.
Hutchison, B., Bevan, A.W. R., and Hall, J.M. (1977) Appendix to the Catalogue of Meteorites. British Museum (Natural History), London, 277 pp.
Baldanza, B., and Triscari, M. (1978) Italian meteorites. Second revised and enlarged edition. Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, 56, 259-320.
Graham, A.L., Bevan, A.W. R., Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites. 4th Edition. British Museum (Natural History), London & University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 460 pp.
Weisberg, M. K. , Prinz, M., Clayton, R. N. , and Mayeda, T.K. (1989) The Renazzo-type CR chondrites. Meteoritics, 24, 339 (abstract).
Weisberg, M. K., and Prinz, M. (1990) Refractory-rich inclusions in CR2 (Renazzo-type) chondrites. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 21, 1315-1316.
Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M., and Perron, C. (1991) Cr, P and Si in the metal of Renazzo. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 22, 1543-1544.
Buseck, P. R., and Hua, X. (1993) Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences, 21, 255-305.
Formisano, V., Bellucci, G., and Mastracci, F. (1993) The Renazzo meteorite. Il Nuovo Cimento, 16, 6, 775-781.
Weisberg, M.K., Prinz, M., Clayton, R.N., and Mayeda, T.K. (1993) The CR (Renazzo-type) carbonaceous chondrite group and its implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 57, 1567-1586.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites. 5th edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town, 690 pp.
Cevolani, G., Corticelli, F., and Pupillo, G. (2001) A dimensional, morphological, and elementary analysis of chondrules in the Renazzo anomalous carbonaceous chondrite. 64th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, page 5079. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36, 9, A38, Supplement.
Connolly, H.C., Huss, G.R., and Wasserburg, G.J. (2001) On the formation of Fe-Ni metal in Renazzo-like carbonaceous chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 4567–4588.
Cevolani, G, Corticelli, F., Pupillo, G., and Serra, R. (2002): Carbonaceous chondrites: microanalysis of the Renazzo meteorite. In: Manara, A., and Dotto, E., eds., Proceedings of 4th Italian Congress of Planetary Sciences, Bormio, 20-26 January 2002, pages 65-70.
Schrader, D. L., Connolly, H.C., and Lauretta, D.S. (2008) Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 6124-6140.
Schrader, D. L., Zega, T. J., Lauretta D., and Connolly, H.C. (2009) Microstructure of sulfide-assemblages in a Renazzo type-II chondrule as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Lunar and Planetary Science, XL), id. #2181.

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