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Haramosh Mts., Skardu District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Haramosh Mts.- not defined -
Skardu DistrictDistrict
Gilgit-BaltistanTerritory
PakistanCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 75° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~26km
Köppen climate type:


Mountain range north of the Indus River between Gilgit and Skardu, hosting numerous complex granitic pegmatite fields and alpine cleft-type metamorphic deposits. Mountain range crossed the border between the Skardu and Gilgit Districts.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: tetragonal
Colour: orange to red
Description: New find, dating from October/November 2009. First occurence ever found in Tormiq valley (if not whole Northern Areas). Crystals are translucent to transparent with a firey orange/red color. Found associated with ilmenite and gem albite crystals.
Reference: In early 2010, Aymeric Longi bought specimen bearing anatase crystals, associated with ilmemite & gem albite crystals.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Dudley Blauwet; Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty; Lapis International, 2004
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Billwiseite (TL)
Formula: Sb3+5Nb3WO18
Type Locality:
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Cámara, F., Cooper, M.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. and Laurs, B.M. (2011) Billwiseite, IMA 2010-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2535; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Ball, N.A., Abdu, Y.A., Černý, P., Cámara, F., Laurs, B.M. (2012): Billwiseite, ideally Sb3+5Nb3WO18, a new oxide mineral species from the Stak Nala pegmatite, Nanga Parba – Haramosh massif, Pakistan: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 805-814.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Van King
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: No reference listed
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Jamison K. Brizendine collection
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Reference: Van King
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'
Reference: No reference listed
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: No reference listed
'Lepidolite'
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Mica Group'
Reference: José Zendrera collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Monazite'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jose Zendrera specimen
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jose Zendrera specimen
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stibiocolumbite
Formula: Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: Scovill, J. (2007): Lapis 32 (4), 40-42.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: No reference listed
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: [MinRec 19:271]
Väyrynenite
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 p295
'Xenotime'
Reference: Trinity Mineral Co
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Stibiocolumbite4.DE.30Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Väyrynenite8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Billwiseite (TL)-Sb3+5Nb3WO18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiocolumbite8.1.6.1Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Väyrynenite41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Pericline-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Billwiseite (TL)-Sb3+5Nb3WO18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
Sb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blauwet, D., Smith, B., and Smith, C. (1997): A Guide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
Hawthorne, F. C. & Pinch, W.W. (2005): Pencil garnet from the Haramosh Mountains near Gilgit, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record. 36, 525-527

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