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Sapat Gali (Soppat; Suppat; Sumpat; Sumput), Naran, Kaghan Valley, Mansehra District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province), Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Sapat Gali (Soppat; Suppat; Sumpat; Sumput)- not defined -
Naran- not defined -
Kaghan ValleyValley
Mansehra DistrictDistrict
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)- not defined -
PakistanCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 2' 54'' North , 73° 46' 34'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.04833,73.77611
GeoHash:G#: twhrqu657
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Peak and stream, 24 km NE of Naran.

The Sapat olivine deposit is northeast of Naran in northern Mansehra. Olivine is often brought to market in Dassu (capital of Kohistan District), north of the Komila bridge, via the Jalkot Valley.
The deposit has formed in serpentized shear zones in dunite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,320 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Chromite var: Ferrichromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Habit: The crystals are often sharp and well formed, typically stubby, displaying prominent prisms (100) and (110), basal pinacoid (001), and pyramidal (021) and (1 1 1) faces. The faces lack overgrowths and are smooth, but in a few cases the prismatic faces hav
Colour: light yellow-green to deep yellow-green
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Habit: Crystals to 15cm
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Description: Inclusions in peridot
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.; Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Costa Mesa Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 143-145
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Habit: to 8cm
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Jan, M. Q., & Khan, M. A. (1996). Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 29, 17-26.
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Costa Mesa Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 143-145

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrichromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Chromite
var: Ferrichromite
-Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
BBoron
B LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Chromite (var: Ferrichromite)Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Chromite (var: Ferrichromite)Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Chromite (var: Ferrichromite)Fe2+(Cr3+,Fe3+)2O4
Fe LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Silurian
358.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3185521
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jan, M. Q. & Khan, M. A. (1996): Petrology of gem peridot from Sapat mafic-ultramafic complex, Kohistan, NW Himalaya. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar. 29, 17-26.
Hammer, V.M.F. (2004): The many shades of pakistan's green gemstones. EXTRALAPIS: Pakistan, Minerals, Mountains and Majesty. 68-69.
Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Costa Mesa Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 143-145.


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