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Manganese Ore Fields, Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas), Corneilla-de-Conflent, Pyrénées-Orientales, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Manganese Ore Fields- not defined -
Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)- not defined -
Corneilla-de-Conflent- not defined -
Pyrénées-OrientalesDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Plateau d'Ambulla
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 35' 17'' North , 2° 23' 17'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.58833,2.38833
GeoHash:G#: sp9dq2gph
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Villefranche-de-Conflent241 (2016)1.8km
Corneilla-de-Conflent457 (2016)2.6km
Taurinya336 (2016)3.3km
Ria-Sirach1,246 (2016)3.3km
Fillols155 (2016)3.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Languedoc-Roussillon


A Manganese mine: first concession in 1887 and then work mining at intervals till closing in 1965.
Main artisanal mining extracted 1,500 t at 28% Mn and 4% Fe between 1899 and 1949. It would be concretions and balls of complex manganese oxides concentrated in karstic "pockets" as frequently observed in the Mouthoumet massif.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Reference: Guitard G., Geyssant J., Laumonier B., Autran A., Fonteilles M., Dalmayrach B., Vidal J.C., Bandet Y. (1992): Carte géol. France (1/50 000), feuille Prades (1095). Orléans: BRGM. Notice explicative par G. Guitard et al (1998), p. 172.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Olivier Mével specimen
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
var: Polianite4.DB.05morphological variety
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Pyrolusite
var: Polianite
-morphological variety

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
KPotassium
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
FeIron
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189976
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Pyrenees

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3131032
marine molasse

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{quartzite,marble}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
Guitard G., Geyssant J., Laumonier B., Autran A., Fonteilles M., Dalmayrach B., Vidal J.C., Bandet Y. (1992): Carte géol. France (1/50 000), feuille Prades (1095). Orléans: BRGM. Notice explicative par G. Guitard et al (1998), p. 172.


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