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Ueberroth Mine, Friedensville, Saucon Valley, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Ueberroth MineMine
Friedensville- not defined -
Saucon ValleyValley
Upper Saucon TownshipTownship
Lehigh Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 33' North , 75° 24' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.55000,-75.40000
GeoHash:G#: dr4qsjzku
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Coopersburg2,421 (2017)4.4km
Fountain Hill4,629 (2017)5.7km
Hellertown5,824 (2017)6.0km
Emmaus11,368 (2017)8.3km
Bethlehem74,892 (2017)8.8km


A zinc mine started 1853 and closed 1876. Ultimate closure was 1893. Workings featured a 500 foot diameter pit. Later mined underground as the Friedensville Mine by the New Jersey Zinc Co.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20; Grant, R.W. (Jan, 1971), PA Mins. (PM)(97), Keystone Newsletter; Montgomery, A. (Aug
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Economic Geology; 1 August 1971; v. 66; no. 5; p. 777-791
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Habit: coatings
Colour: yellow to orange, with Resinous to adamantine luster
Description: Secondary coatings, most frequently on Sphalerite or in close association.
Reference: Ref.1 The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania; S. Gordon 1922. Ref.2 Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Lanthanite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 6: 26; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 33-36, 58.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.; Economic Geology; 1 August 1971; v. 66; no. 5; p. 777-791
Sauconite (TL)
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:1492-1500; Economic Geology; 1 August 1971; v. 66; no. 5; p. 777-791

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Lanthanite-(La)5.CC.25(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Bianchite7.CB.25(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sauconite (TL)9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(La)15.4.2.1(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bianchite29.6.8.2(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite (TL)71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
LaLanthanum
La Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 2915302
Allentown Formation

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Allentown Formation

Description: Medium- to medium-dark-gray, thick-bedded dolomite and impure limestone; dark-gray chert stringers and nodules; laminated; oolitic and stromatolitic; some orange-brown-weathering calcareous siltstone at base.

Comments: Original map source: Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Miles, C.E., and Whitfield, T.G., compilers, 2001, Bedrock Geology of Pennsylvania, edition: 1.0, digital map, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{dolostone,limestone}, Minor:{siltstone}, Incidental:{chert}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3188605
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals: 6: 26.
Rocks & Minerals: 10: 33-36, 58.
Grant, R.W. (Jan, 1971), Pennsylvania Minerals (PM)(97), Keystone Newsletter.
Montgomery, A. (Aug, 1972) Pennsylvania Minerals (PM) (116), Keystone Newsletter.
Grant (Feb & Mar 1973) Pennsylvania Minerals (PM) (122 & 123), Keystone Newsletter.
Grant (Sep 1974) Pennsylvania Minerals (PM) (141), Keystone Newsletter.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20.


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