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Quiruvilca Mine (La Libertad Mine; ASARCO Mine), Quiruvilca District, Santiago de Chuco Province, La Libertad, Perui
Regional Level Types
Quiruvilca Mine (La Libertad Mine; ASARCO Mine)Mine
Quiruvilca DistrictDistrict
Santiago de Chuco ProvinceProvince
La LibertadRegion
PeruCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 8° 0' 39'' South , 78° 19' 18'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -8.01111,-78.32194
GeoHash:G#: 6q863txey
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Quiruvilca9,226 (2012)14.3km
Santiago de Chuco6,759 (2013)21.8km
Otuzco10,134 (2012)31.3km
Huamachuco21,768 (2012)36.6km


A Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au mine owned by ASARCO (80%). 1984 production was 358,000 tons/ore (2,400 tons Cu; 3,500 tons Pb; 10,000 tons Zn; 55,200 kg Ag & 78 kg Au).

Known for excellent specimens of orpiment, enargite, hutchinsonite, and pyrite.

Mesothermal and epithermal Cu-Pb-Zn ore mineralisations in an area of andesitic and basaltic volcanics. Four distinct zones can be recognized. From the center, they are the enargite zone, a transition zone, the Pb-​Zn and the stibnite zone. Alteration includes chloritization, propylitization, argillization, and silicification.

Regions containing this locality

South America PlatePlate
South AmericaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Argentobaumhauerite
Formula: Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chatkalite
Formula: Cu6FeSn2S8
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Galena
Formula: PbS
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Hutchinsonite
Formula: TlPbAs5S9
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
'Revoredite'
Formula: PbAs4S7
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Argentobaumhauerite2.HC.05bAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chatkalite2.CB.20Cu6FeSn2S8
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Hutchinsonite2.HD.45TlPbAs5S9
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Revoredite'-PbAs4S7

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Chatkalite2.9.3.2Cu6FeSn2S8
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
1 < ø < 2
Hutchinsonite3.8.6.1TlPbAs5S9
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Argentobaumhauerite-Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72
'Revoredite'-PbAs4S7

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
BBoron
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
S OrpimentAs2S3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S PyriteFeS2
S RevoreditePbAs4S7
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S GalenaPbS
S AlabanditeMnS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MarcasiteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
As OrpimentAs2S3
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As RevoreditePbAs4S7
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ArsenicAs
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As RealgarAs4S4
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
SnTin
Sn ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TlThallium
Tl HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
PbLead
Pb HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
Pb RevoreditePbAs4S7
Pb ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene
23.03 - 66 Ma



ID: 3190101
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lewis, R.W., Jr. (1956) The geology and ore deposits of the Quiruvilca District, Peru. Economic Geology 51, 41-63.
Burkart-Baumann, I. and Ottemann, J. (1972) Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).
Mining Annual Review (1985) 323.
Bartos, P.J. (1987) Quiruvilca, Peru: Mineral zoning and timing of wall-​rock alteration relative to copper-​lead-​zinc-​silver vein-​fill deposition. Economic Geology 82, 1431-1452.
Robinson, G. W. and Harris, D. C. (1987) A baumhauerite-like mineral from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 18, 199-201.
Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H., and Szenics, T. (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
Hyrsl and Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record: 34: 241-254.


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