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Quiruvilca Mine (La Libertad Mine; ASARCO Mine), Quiruvilca District, Santiago de Chuco Province, La Libertad Department, Peru

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 8° 0' 39'' South , 78° 19' 18'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -8.01111,-78.32194
GeoHash:G#: 6q863txey
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au mine owned by ASARCO (80%). 1984 production was 358,000 tons/ore (2,400 tons Cu; 3,500 tons Pb; 10,000 tons Zn; 55,200 kg Ag & 78 kg Au).

Known for excellent specimens of orpiment, enargite, hutchinsonite, and pyrite.

Mesothermal and epithermal Cu-Pb-Zn ore mineralisations in an area of andesitic and basaltic volcanics. Four distinct zones can be recognized. From the center, they are the enargite zone, a transition zone, the Pb-​Zn and the stibnite zone. Alteration includes chloritization, propylitization, argillization, and silicification.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Quiruvilca Mine, Quiruvilca District, Santiago de Chuco Province, La Libertad Department, Peru
Quiruvilca Mine, Santiago de Chuco, Peru
Quiruvilca, Peru
Quiruvilca mine, Quiruvilca, Peru
Quiruvilca Mine, Peru
Quiruvilca, La Libertad, Peru
La Libertad Mine (Quiruvilca Mine; ASARCO Mine), Quiruvilca District, Santiago de Chuco Province, La Libertad Department, Peru
Quiruvilca Mine
Quiruvilca mine, La Libertad dept., Peru

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Argentobaumhauerite
Formula: Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Habit: nearly amorphous crust
Colour: indistinct purple crust
Fluorescence: none
Description: The crust was very difficult to x-ray and Baumhaurite 2a was the best guess.
Reference: Robinson, G. W., Harris, D. C. (1987): A baumhauerite-like mineral from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 18, 199-201.; Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H. & Szenics, T. (1997): Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Habit: Cogwheel twins to 3cm
Colour: grey black increasing in blackness with increasing Arsenic
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Chatkalite
Formula: Cu6FeSn2S8
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Habit: Prismatic, tabular, 6 pointed trillings
Description: The trillings form a six pointed star. There is also an epitaxy of twinned tetrahedrites or tennantites on the large prisms. Sometimes this epitaxy entirely encloses the enargites and these are wrongly labeled pseudomorphs.
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Hutchinsonite
Formula: TlPbAs5S9
Habit: Thick needles to a cm
Colour: black with red internal reflections
Fluorescence: none
Description: With Barite, Orpiment and Baumhaurite 2a
Reference: White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Habit: druse of cubes to several mm
Colour: purplish black
Fluorescence: none
Description: Druse on enargites, very similar to Taiwan material
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Habit: Wedge like xls to 3cm
Colour: yellow-orange to brown-orange
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Octos, pyritohedra
Description: 2 cm lustrous octos perched on white quartz. Pyritohedrons grew in clay, similar to those from the Magma Mine in Arizona, USA
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
'Revoredite'
Formula: PbAs4S7
Habit: Botryoidal crusts
Colour: black
Fluorescence: none
Description: Black botryoidal drusts to a cm in thickness and botryiods to 5mm
Reference: No reference listed
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Habit: Twins and in epitaxi on enargite
Description: Encrust in epitaxi on enargite and replace enargite
Reference: Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Arsenic'1.CA.05As
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Argentobaumhauerite'2.HC.05bAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Chatkalite'2.CB.20Cu6FeSn2S8
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Famatinite'2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Geocronite'2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
'Gratonite'2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
'Hutchinsonite'2.HD.45TlPbAs5S9
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Luzonite'2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Orpiment'2.FA.30As2S3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Realgar'2.FA.15aAs4S4
'Robinsonite'2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
'Seligmannite'2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stannite'2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Wurtzite'2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Rhodochrosite'5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Axinite-(Mn)'9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Revoredite'-PbAs4S7

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Chatkalite2.9.3.2Cu6FeSn2S8
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
1 < ø < 2
Hutchinsonite3.8.6.1TlPbAs5S9
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Argentobaumhauerite-Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72
'Revoredite'-PbAs4S7

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BBoron
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GalenaPbS
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S RevoreditePbAs4S7
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S StibniteSb2S3
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
CaCalcium
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As RevoreditePbAs4S7
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AgSilver
Ag ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
SnTin
Sn ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TlThallium
Tl HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
PbLead
Pb ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb RevoreditePbAs4S7
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene
23.03 - 66 Ma



ID: 3190101
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lewis, R.W., Jr. (1956) The geology and ore deposits of the Quiruvilca District, Peru. Economic Geology 51, 41-63.
Burkart-Baumann, I. and Ottemann, J. (1972) Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).
Mining Annual Review (1985) 323.
Bartos, P.J. (1987) Quiruvilca, Peru: Mineral zoning and timing of wall-​rock alteration relative to copper-​lead-​zinc-​silver vein-​fill deposition. Economic Geology 82, 1431-1452.
Robinson, G. W. and Harris, D. C. (1987) A baumhauerite-like mineral from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 18, 199-201.
Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H., and Szenics, T. (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
Hyrsl and Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record: 34: 241-254.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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