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North Chincha Island, Pisco Province, Ica, Perui
Regional Level Types
North Chincha IslandIsland
Pisco ProvinceProvince
IcaRegion
PeruCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 13° 37' 48'' South , 76° 23' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -13.63024,-76.39123
GeoHash:G#: 6m9dmwtw5
Locality type:Island
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Synopsis of Wikipedia:

Since pre-Incan times the three Chinca Islands were of interest for their extensive guano deposits. Peru began the export of guano in 1840. Spain, which did not recognize Peru's independence and desiring the guano profits, occupied the islands in 1864, setting off the Chincha Islands War (1864–1866). The guano supplies were mostly exhausted by 1874. Aside from the guano, the island is granite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


5 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Description: Found in guano beds.
Reference: Taylor (1859) Proceedings of the Academy of Science, Philadelphia: 309 (as Glascerite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 400.
Arcanite var: Taylorite (of Dana)
Formula: (K,NH4)2SO4
Description: Found in guano beds.
Reference: Taylor (1859) Proceedings of the Academy of Science, Philadelphia: 309 (as Glascerite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 400.
Guanine (TL)
Formula: C5H5N5O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Mag 39 (1974), 889
'Hydrophilite'
Description: As efflorescences on soil.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Description: Occurs in guano deposits.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17.
Teschemacherite
Formula: (NH4)HCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 137.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Salammoniac'3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Teschemacherite5.AA.25(NH4)HCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Arcanite'7.AD.05K2SO4
var: Taylorite (of Dana)7.AD.05(K,NH4)2SO4
'Mascagnite'7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
'Guanine' (TL)10.CA.30C5H5N5O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Hydrophilite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
AX2
'Hydrophilite'9.2.7.2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Teschemacherite13.1.3.1(NH4)HCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Miscellaneous
Guanine (TL)50.4.5.1C5H5N5O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Arcanite
var: Taylorite (of Dana)
-(K,NH4)2SO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GuanineC5H5N5O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
H Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
CCarbon
C GuanineC5H5N5O
C Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
NNitrogen
N GuanineC5H5N5O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
N Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
OOxygen
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O GuanineC5H5N5O
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
O Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3
SSulfur
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
KPotassium
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Arcanite (var: Taylorite (of Dana))(K,NH4)2SO4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Chincha Islands, Illustrated London News: 42: Feb 21 1863: 200-201. (https://archive.org/stream/illustratedlondov42lond#page/n205/mode/2up/search/guano Checked 2017)

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