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Birch Creek, White Mts, Inyo Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Birch CreekCreek
White MtsMountain Range
Inyo Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 19' 10'' North , 118° 2' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Big Pine1,756 (2014)28.3km
Wilkerson563 (2011)31.4km
Bishop3,806 (2017)32.1km
Dixon Lane-Meadow Creek2,645 (2011)34.4km
West Bishop2,607 (2011)37.4km


A stream.

Quartz monzonite and granodiorite of Cretaceous age that was emplaced within Precambrian argillite and dolomite. Uneconomic mineralization.

NOTE: The coordinates provided are the coordinates of record in the USGS GNIS database. They are for the mouth/terminus of the stream, which is in Deep Spring Valley, consistent with the protocol in that database for such linear features. The stream originates as two forks in the White Mountains, flows into a single stream, and flows eastward out of the range.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000) Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Chris Lehmann field collected specimens.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Clinozoisite
var: Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.
Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series: 32: 9-26.
Nelson, C. A., & Sylvester, A. G. (1971). Wall rock decarbonation and forcible emplacement of Birch Creek Pluton, southern White Mountains, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 82(10), 2891-2904.

Localities in this Region


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