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Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Vhembe DistrictDistrict
LimpopoProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
01506810014946285981240.jpg
Messina Mine No 5 Shaft headgear

Musina, Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa
09290820014946285986469.jpg
Underground view at Messina mine.

Musina, Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

70 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Crystals to 10 cm
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa - Bruce Cairncross & Roger Dixon pg 52
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 49.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 201 pp.
Diamond
Formula: C
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Description: Commonly known as Transvaal Jade.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95; Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA, 115 pp;
Hellyerite
Formula: NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Description: Clusters of tabular crystals are known.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 223.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 227 pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Otwayite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Papagoite
Formula: CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 231 pp.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Carnelian
Description: Found in the area (Cairncross 1995)
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Description: Found in the area (Cairncross 1995)
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Glaukosphaerite5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Hellyerite5.CA.20NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Otwayite5.DA.15Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Ajoite9.EA.70(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Papagoite9.CE.05CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Pennantite9.EC.55Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Hellyerite15.1.7.1NiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Glaukosphaerite16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Otwayite16b.3.2.1Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Zaratite16b.4.1.1Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Papagoite60.1.4.1CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Pennantite71.4.1.8Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Ajoite78.5.1.1(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Heliodor
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Aventurine
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
H HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2O
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DiamondC
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2O
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
OOxygen
O CorundumAl2O3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2O
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
AlAluminium
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S MilleriteNiS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni GaspéiteNi(CO3)
Ni Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Ni HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2O
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate
Somali PlateTectonic Plate

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