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Tombstone Mts, Dawson mining district, Yukon, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Tombstone MtsMountain Range
Dawson mining districtMining District
YukonTerritory
CanadaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
65° 25' North , 138° 41' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


The Tombstone batholith is a circular complex approx 11 km in diameter, intruding Cretaceous orthquartzites. Syenite makes up about 75% of the intrusion.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 20, pp. 65-75 (1982)
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 20, pp. 65-75 (1982)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
'Hornblende'
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Leucoxene
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65; Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Perrault et al. (1982) Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Ekanite9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Leucoxene-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Leucoxene-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O UraniniteUO2
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
SiSilicon
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
FeIron
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U UraniniteUO2
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wooley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks & carbonatites of the world: North & South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, 8-9.
SZYMAŃSKI, J.T., OWENS, D.R., ROBERTS, A.C., ANSELL, H.G. & CHAO, G.Y. (1982): A mineralogical study and crystal structure determination of nonmetamict ekanite ThCa2Si8O20. Canadian Mineralogist 20, 65 75.
PERRAULT, G. & SZYMAŃSKI, J.T. (1982): Steacyite, a new name and a re evaluation of the nomenclature of "ekanite" group minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 20, 59 63.Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979).
Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.

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