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Água de Pau Volcano (Fogo Volcano), Água de Pau Massif, São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugali
Regional Level Types
Água de Pau Volcano (Fogo Volcano)Volcano
Água de Pau MassifMassif
São Miguel IslandIsland
AzoresAutonomous Region
PortugalCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Vulcão de Água de Pau (Vulcão do Fogo), Maciço de Água de Pau, Ilha de São Miguel, Ilhas dos Açores, Portugal
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 45' 46'' North , 25° 28' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.76278,-25.47389
GeoHash:G#: eqtyu6d2p
Locality type:Volcano
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ribeira Chã396 (2018)5.0km
Água de Pau3,058 (2018)5.7km
Vila Franca do Campo5,035 (2012)6.2km
Ribeira Seca1,106 (2018)6.7km
Ribeira Grande3,968 (2018)7.8km


Peralkaline syenites ejecta within a Plinian fall deposit.
These syenites are derived from solidification zones around the margin of the parental trachyte magma chamber.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

66 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Apatite'
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888] [Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999 ]
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Biotite'
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767.
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Housley, R.M. (2015): Chiappinoite-(Y), Y2Mn(Si3O7)4, a new layer silicate found in peralkaline syenitic ejecta from the Água de Pau volcano, Azores. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 91-97.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Reference: Cann, J.R. (1967): A second occurrence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232; Widom, E., Gill, J. B., Schmincke, H. -U. (1993): Syenite nodules as a long-term record of magmatic activity in Agua de Pau volcano, São Miguel, Azores. Journal of Petrology, 34, 929-953; Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B. G. J. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkaline syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (São Miguel, Azores Islands). Mineralogical Magazine, 67, 749-767.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Eudialyte ?
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: reported as an Eudialyte enriched in Niobium
Reference: Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 749-767
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 749-767
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Reference: Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 749-767
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V. and Carpentier, J.-F. (2015) Fogoite-(Y), IMA 2014-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 250; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Description:
Reference: [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888],[ Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767]
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Manganoeudialyte
Formula: Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Okanoganite-(Y)
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Oneillite
Formula: Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M. & Selmi, P. (2015): I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel,Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian).
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Petarasite
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M. & Selmi, P. (2015): I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel,Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian). Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888] [Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767]
'Pyroxene Group'
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Reference: Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M. & Selmi, P. (2015): I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel, Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian). Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: Analysed by Pedro Alves
Vlasovite
Formula: Na2ZrSi4O11
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Zircophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Dalyite9.EA.25K2ZrSi6O15
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Ekanite9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudialyte ?9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Manganoeudialyte9.CO.10Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Okanoganite-(Y)9.AJ.35(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Oneillite9.CO.10Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Petarasite9.CJ.40Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Steacyite9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Vlasovite9.DM.25Na2ZrSi4O11
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zircophyllite ?9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)-Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Monazite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Okanoganite-(Y)54.2.4.3(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Petarasite61.1.2b.3Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte ?64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferrokentbrooksite64.1.2.2Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Manganoeudialyte64.1.1.4Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Vlasovite66.2.2.1Na2ZrSi4O11
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Epididymite66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Zircophyllite ?69.1.1.5K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Dalyite72.2.1.1K2ZrSi6O15
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)-Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eudialyte Group'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)-Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Monazite'-
Oneillite-Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
Turkestanite-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
H OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
BeBeryllium
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
BBoron
B Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
O Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
O EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
O Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
O OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
FFluorine
F Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F FluoriteCaF2
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
F Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
NaSodium
Na Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Na Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Na NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Na Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Na PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Na SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Na VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Na EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Na Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Na OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Si Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Si NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Si Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Si PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Si SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Si EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Si Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Si OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
PPhosphorus
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Cl ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Cl PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Cl OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
KPotassium
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
K Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
K ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
CaCalcium
Ca Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Ca Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Ca OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
TiTitanium
Ti Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
MnManganese
Mn Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Mn ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Mn Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Mn OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Fe Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Fe OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
YYttrium
Y Chiappinoite-(Y)Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Y Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
Zr FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Zr ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Zr ManganoeudialyteNa14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Zr PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Zr VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
Zr Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Zr OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb FerrokentbrooksiteNa15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Nb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Nb OneilliteNa15Ca3Mn3Fe32+Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
PbLead
Pb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Th SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
Th Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3193014
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Comments: Azores; San Miguel

Lithology: Volcanic cone(s); mafic volcanic rocks; basalt

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3144837
hot spot

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Osann, A. (1888) Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 1, 117-130.
Cann, J.R. (1967) A second occurrence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from São Miguel, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232 [https://rruff.info/doclib/MinMag/Volume_36/36-278-227.pdf].
Booth, B., Croasdale, R., and Walker, G.P.L. (1978) A quantitative study of five thousand years of volcanism on Sao Miguel, Azores. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 288(1352), 271-319.
Storey, M., Wolff, J.A., Norry M.J., and Marriner, G.F. (1989) Origin of hybrid lavas from Agua de Pau volcano, Sao Miguel, Azores. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 42, 161-180.
Widom, E., Gill, J.B., and Schmincke, H.-U. (1993) Syenite nodules as a long-term record of magmatic activity in Agua de Pau volcano, São Miguel, Azores. Journal of Petrology, 34, 929-953.
Ternes, B. (1999) Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24(1), 20-42.
Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., and Upton, B.G.J. (2003) Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkaline syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (São Miguel, Azores Islands). Mineralogical Magazine, 67, 749-767.
Kampf, A.R. and Housley, R.M. (2015) Chiappinoite-(Y), Y2Mn(Si3O7)4, a new layer silicate found in peralkaline syenitic ejecta from the Água de Pau volcano, Azores. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 91-97.
Chiappino, L., Astolfi, M., Bracco, R., Marchesini, M., and Selmi, P. (2015) I minerali del Vulcano di Fogo (Agua de Pau), São Miguel, Azzorre, Portogallo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39(4), 220-250 (in Italian).
Chiappino, L., Kampf, A., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., and Fretti, G. (2017) Mineralien aus dem Vulkanmassiv “Água de Pau” von der Insel São Miguel, Azoren, Portugal (I). Mineralien-Welt, 28(1), 80-93 (in German).
Chiappino, L., Kampf, A., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., and Fretti, G. (2017) Mineralien aus dem Vulkanmassiv “Água de Pau” von der Insel São Miguel, Azoren, Portugal (II). Mineralien-Welt, 28(2), 18-28 (in German).

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