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Weardale, Co. Durham, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
WeardaleValley
Co. DurhamCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Jesse Fisher
Key
Lock Map
Locality type:Valley
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Wolsingham2,503 (2017)
Stanhope1,602 (2017)
Frosterley636 (2017)
Museums in region:


The valley of the river Wear. The upper reaches between the town of Wolsingham on the east and the county boarder with Cumbria to the west is host to significant mineral deposits of the Mississippi Valley Type (MVT). Many mines in the area were developed for lead and iron between the 13th and 19th centuries, and for fluorspar during the 20th century. Significant amounts of stone quarrying have also occurred. Amongst collectors, the region is particularly known for the high-quality fluorite specimens that have come from many of the mines. Tributaries to the Wear in this region include Bollihopeburn, Stanhopeburn, Rookhopeburn, Westerhopeburn, Swinhopeburn, Middlehopeburn, Daddryshieldburn, Harthopeburn, and Burnhopeburn.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

79 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour: white to very pale green
Description: Some annabergite from this mine is Sb enriched. (Pale green translucent balls and small botryoidal masses, where at first thought also to be annabergite, furthere anaysis has found Mg, Ni and Ca)
Reference: Sb rich annabergite Natural History Museum London, and S Rust Collection.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 317-324
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Yellow to brown
Description: Usually as a yellow powdery crust to seveal cms, and as pustules to 4mm dia. Very rarely forms sparkling vitreous crystal druses composed of minute yellow to yellow-brown micro-crystals
Reference: S.Rust Collection
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Colour: Dirty yellow
Description: Identified while investigating small nickel bering ankerite veinlets in the mine. Forms as very rare dull yellow pseudomorphs after probable ullmannite crystals.
Reference: S. Rust collection
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bitumen'
Reference: Martin Števko-self collected
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Bottinoite from the Smallcleugh Mine is comparable with the same mineral from Hendra Fellen Mine in Mid-Wales in terms of crystal form, although only found on 7 specimens from Smallcleugh Mine.
Reference: Nat Hist Museum London and S.Rust collection
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Colour: White
Description: Specimens of hydrozincite from this mine should be tested to confirm that they are not brianyoungite. Some of the brianyoungite crystals associated with a small nickel rich area in the mine are tinted pale light green, possibly due to a very small amount of Ni in the chemical structure. It only takes a very very small amount of Ni to give some minerals the green colouration.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine: 57:665-670.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Colour: Emerald green
Description: As emerald green scattered micro-crystals and small thin drusy crusts covering areas to 1cm +. Associated with gypsum, beverite-Cu, schulenbergite, and possible serpierite.
Reference: University Manchester Museum, and NHM London
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 317-324
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcanthite ?
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: No analysis written or collector reference has been found to substantiate the occurrence of chalcanthite from this mine. Possibly blue-green sulphates where thought to be this species.
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: No reference listed
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Smith, F.W. (1973) Supergene Native Copper in the Northern Pennine Orefield. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 39, n° 302, 244.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. (referring to Smith); Bridges TF and Young B. Supergene Minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield - A Review. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1). 3-14(1998)
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Epsomite ?
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: So far no written analysis or collector reference has been found to confirm the occurrence at this mine
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Description: From Groverake Vein in the New Firestone Level.
Reference: Smith, F.W. (1973) Supergene Native Copper in the Northern Pennine Orefield. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 39, n° 302, 244.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. (referring to Smith); Bridges TF and Young B. Supergene Minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield - A Review. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1). 3-14(1998)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: BMS Collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Manchester University Museum
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Collected H Wilkinson 1999 Visual id (see photo uploaded)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Paul Render
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Description: Forms white balls to 1mm and botryoidal area to several mm.
Reference: NHM London & S.Rust Collection;
Hydroniumjarosite ?
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Light Yellow
Reference: SEM image on Mineral Paradice Webb Site. This appears to be Hydroniumjarosite (priv com David Green);
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Colour: Blue-green
Description: All of the ktenasite from this mine should be tested to see if it is ktenasite or the Zn analog of ktenasite.
Reference: Livingstone, A. (1991): The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russel Soc. 4, 13-15.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Lead
Formula: Pb
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Bridges TF and Young B. Supergene Minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield-A Review. in Journal of the Russell Society 7(1) 3-14 (1998)
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Colour: Pale green to almost white
Description: All though no analysis has been found to confirm that melanterite occurs at the Smallcleugh mine it is probably a very good bet that it dose.
Reference: No reference listed
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Found in one restricted area in the mine, in the Second Sun Vein.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols. Livingstone, A., Bridges, T. F. and Bevins, R. E. (1990): Schulenbergite and namuwite from Smallcleugh Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russell Soc. 3, 23-24.; American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Paul Render
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Plattnerite ?
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: BMS Database
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [J.Ralph Collection]
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: BMS Database
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Crystals are minute hexagonal <0.2mm, sometimes forming small aggregates to a few mm.
Reference: Livingstone, A., Bridges, T. F. and Bevins, R. E. (1990): Schulenbergite and namuwite from Smallcleugh Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russell Soc. 3, 23-24.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Colour: Light blue-green
Description: Forms micro-lath-like crystals. Some supposed serpierite specimens appear not to be this species, test are under way to prove or disprove this assumption
Reference: Bridges, T,F.(1987): Serpierite and develline from the North Pennine Orefield. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geo Soc. 46, 169.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Norman Wilson collection
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Description: Crusts of soft, white spherules up to 0.25 mm
Reference: young B, Hyslop E K, Bridges T F and Hubbard N. Thaumasite from High Sedling Mine, Weardale, Co Durham and from Shap, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Soc. 7(1), 40 (1998)
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Colour: Metallic grey
Description: Crystals are small <0.5mm in inter-grown clusters to 1.5mm. Commonly replaced by various Ni-secondary species.
Reference: S.Rust Collection
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'
Formula: Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Colour: White
Reference: Livingstone, A. (1991) The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society. 4, 13-15

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Blixite3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bottinoite4.FH.05Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Plattnerite ?4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite ?7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Epsomite ?7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite ?7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'-Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite ?4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bottinoite6.3.9.1Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Blixite10.2.4.1Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite ?29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite ?29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bitumen'-
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite ?-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
'Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)'-Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
O LithargePbO
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MassicotPbO
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O PlattneritePbO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F MatlockitePbFCl
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S SulphurS8
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S GreenockiteCdS
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
ZnZinc
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As NickelineNiAs
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BottinoiteNi2+Sb25+(OH)12 · 6H2O
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadPb
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
Pb LithargePbO
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dunham, K.C. (1990) Geology of the North Pennines Orefield, vol. 1, 2nd ed. London: British Geological Survey.
Fisher, J. (2004) Fluorite from the North Pennines Orefield, England. Rocks and Minerals 79(6): 378-98.
Symes, R.F. and Young, B. (2008) Minerals of Northern England. National Museums Scotland & Natural History Museum London, 228 pp.

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