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Pit No. 69 (G.I. Gasberg's Topaz-Cryolite Pit), Ilmen Natural Reserve (Ilmensky Mountains), Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Pit No. 69 (G.I. Gasberg's Topaz-Cryolite Pit)- not defined -
Ilmen Natural Reserve (Ilmensky Mountains)- not defined -
Chelyabinsk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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The quarry was opened about 1840 and the cryolite noted in 1845.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
'Biotite'
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Chiolite (TL)
Formula: Na5Al3F14
Type Locality:
Reference: Polyakov, V.O. (1985): Alumofluorites of the Il’meny Mountains. In: Minerals from Deposits of the Central and Southern Urals (Sverdlovsk), 3-11.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Cryolithionite
Formula: Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Polyakov, V.O. (1985): Alumofluorites of the Il’meny Mountains. In: Minerals from Deposits of the Central and Southern Urals (Sverdlovsk), 3-11.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Pachnolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Polyakov, V.O. (1985): Alumofluorites of the Il’meny Mountains. In: Minerals from Deposits of the Central and Southern Urals (Sverdlovsk), 3-11.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: ; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Chiolite (TL)3.CE.05Na5Al3F14
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Cryolithionite3.CB.05Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Elpasolite3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Chiolite (TL)11.6.11.1Na5Al3F14
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Cryolithionite11.6.4.1Na3Li3[AlF6]2
Elpasolite11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Pachnolite11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
LiLithium
Li CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
OOxygen
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
FFluorine
F ChioliteNa5Al3F14
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F FluoriteCaF2
F ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
NaSodium
Na ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Na CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Na CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChioliteNa5Al3F14
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Al CryolithioniteNa3Li3[AlF6]2
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca FluoriteCaF2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.


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