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Chinyero volcano, Santiago del Teide, Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province, Canary Islands, Spain

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° 17' 40'' North , 16° 45' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 28.29444,-16.75583
Name(s) in local language(s):Volcán Chinyero, Santigo del Teide, Isla de Tenerife

The November 18, 1909, takes place the last eruption registered on the island of Tenerife, the Chinyero volcano and occurs on an existing volcano in a fissure belonging to the eruptive axis located northwest of the island (Dorsal de Abeque).

The eruption that lasted only 10 days formed a small pyroclastic cone and a large network of lava flows.

This is a monogenic eruption of Strombolian type with a final phase rich in fumaroles which produce abundant deposits.

Being an eruption of violence and little size could be studied in a very direct way being probably the first to be well studied and dated in the history of the islands.

Many scientists were into direct witnesses and chroniclers of the eruption especially from the first Institute of Education of the Islands which was the origin of the current University of La Laguna the now called Instituto Canarias Cabrera Pinto.

The systematic cataloging of existing samples in the museum collection has restored an old bottle containing a white sublimate from the fumaroles of the volcano including a handwritten label.

The analysis of this material has resulted in the majority presence of Salammoniac which occurs as small grains and skeletal crystal aggregates.
This is therefore an example of great historical value and probably one of the few that remain from this eruption.

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2.588 - 5.333 Ma

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Description: Strombolian basaltic eruptions

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Fernández Navarro, L. (1910). Resumen de la conferencia acerca de la erupción volcánica del Chinyero. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 10, 104-122.

- Fernández Navarro,L. (1911). Erupción volcánica del Chinyero (Tenerife) en noviembre de 1909, Anales de la Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas, V, Mem. 1, 99 pp.

- Del Campo, A. (1912). Los sublimados blancos del volcán Chinyero (Canarias), Anales de la Sociedad Española de Física y Química, X, 431-449.

- Agudo, A. y Calvo, M. (2014) Una rareza mineralógica española recuperada: El Salmiac del Chinyero. Revista de Minerales. Vol V núm.5, 55-56.

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