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Chinyero volcano, Santiago del Teide, Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province, Canary Islands, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Chinyero volcanoVolcano
Santiago del Teide- not defined -
Tenerife- not defined -
Santa Cruz de Tenerife ProvinceProvince
Canary IslandsGroup of Autonomous Communities

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
28° 17' 40'' North , 16° 45' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
Santiago del Teide12,050 (2012)5.9km
Masca150 (2012)8.5km
Garachico6,000 (2012)8.8km
Guía de Isora20,536 (2012)9.5km
Icod de los Vinos24,024 (2012)9.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Volcán Chinyero, Santigo del Teide, Isla de Tenerife

The November 18, 1909, takes place the last eruption registered on the island of Tenerife, the Chinyero volcano and occurs on an existing volcano in a fissure belonging to the eruptive axis located northwest of the island (Dorsal de Abeque).

The eruption that lasted only 10 days formed a small pyroclastic cone and a large network of lava flows.

This is a monogenic eruption of Strombolian type with a final phase rich in fumaroles which produce abundant deposits.

Being an eruption of violence and little size could be studied in a very direct way being probably the first to be well studied and dated in the history of the islands.

Many scientists were into direct witnesses and chroniclers of the eruption especially from the first Institute of Education of the Islands which was the origin of the current University of La Laguna the now called Instituto Canarias Cabrera Pinto.

The systematic cataloging of existing samples in the museum collection has restored an old bottle containing a white sublimate from the fumaroles of the volcano including a handwritten label.

The analysis of this material has resulted in the majority presence of Salammoniac which occurs as small grains and skeletal crystal aggregates.
This is therefore an example of great historical value and probably one of the few that remain from this eruption.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Agudo, A. y Calvo, M. (2014) Una rareza mineralógica española recuperada: El Salmiac del Chinyero. Revista de Minerales. Vol V núm.5, 55-56.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification


List of minerals for each chemical element

H SalammoniacNH4Cl
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fernández Navarro, L. (1910). Resumen de la conferencia acerca de la erupción volcánica del Chinyero. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 10, 104-122.
Fernández Navarro,L. (1911). Erupción volcánica del Chinyero (Tenerife) en noviembre de 1909, Anales de la Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas, V, Mem. 1, 99 pp.
Del Campo, A. (1912). Los sublimados blancos del volcán Chinyero (Canarias), Anales de la Sociedad Española de Física y Química, X, 431-449.
Agudo, A. y Calvo, M. (2014) Una rareza mineralógica española recuperada: El Salmiac del Chinyero. Revista de Minerales. Vol V núm.5, 55-56.

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