Chinyero volcano, Santiago del Teide, Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province, Canary Islands, Spain
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||28° 17' 40'' North , 16° 45' 21'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||28.29444,-16.75583|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Volcán Chinyero, Santigo del Teide, Isla de Tenerife|
The November 18, 1909, takes place the last eruption registered on the island of Tenerife, the Chinyero volcano and occurs on an existing volcano in a fissure belonging to the eruptive axis located northwest of the island (Dorsal de Abeque).
The eruption that lasted only 10 days formed a small pyroclastic cone and a large network of lava flows.
This is a monogenic eruption of Strombolian type with a final phase rich in fumaroles which produce abundant deposits.
Being an eruption of violence and little size could be studied in a very direct way being probably the first to be well studied and dated in the history of the islands.
Many scientists were into direct witnesses and chroniclers of the eruption especially from the first Institute of Education of the Islands which was the origin of the current University of La Laguna the now called Instituto Canarias Cabrera Pinto.
The systematic cataloging of existing samples in the museum collection has restored an old bottle containing a white sublimate from the fumaroles of the volcano including a handwritten label.
The analysis of this material has resulted in the majority presence of Salammoniac which occurs as small grains and skeletal crystal aggregates.
This is therefore an example of great historical value and probably one of the few that remain from this eruption.
1 valid mineral.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
2.588 - 5.333 Ma
- Fernández Navarro,L. (1911). Erupción volcánica del Chinyero (Tenerife) en noviembre de 1909, Anales de la Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas, V, Mem. 1, 99 pp.
- Del Campo, A. (1912). Los sublimados blancos del volcán Chinyero (Canarias), Anales de la Sociedad Española de Física y Química, X, 431-449.
- Agudo, A. y Calvo, M. (2014) Una rareza mineralógica española recuperada: El Salmiac del Chinyero. Revista de Minerales. Vol V núm.5, 55-56.