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Caune de l'Arago, Tautavel, Pyrénées-Orientales, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Caune de l'Arago- not defined -
Tautavel- not defined -
Pyrénées-OrientalesDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 50' 22'' North , 2° 45' 18'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vingrau513 (2016)2.1km
Tautavel928 (2016)2.9km
Paziols551 (2016)3.6km
Tuchan855 (2016)6.2km
Cases-de-Pène610 (2016)7.3km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Languedoc-Roussillon


Tautavel, a small Pyrénées-Orientales village, is famous for being the discovery place of the oldest european man remains at the Caune de l'Arago.
The mineralogical researches in the famous palaeolithic site identified a few minerals.
Located near the village of Tautavel this cave perched overlooking the valley is home to one of the largest prehistoric sites in the world.
In July 1971 Professor Henry de Lumley team discovered a skull (one face and a front) after 7 years of systematic excavations.
Since then, annual researches have revealed more than 100 human fossils (to be seen at the Museum of Prehistory in Tautavel).
These remains have allowed to reconstruct the life and environment of Homo Erectus groups and suggest that this place was frequented by nomadic hunters from 690 000 to 300 000 years before our era.
600 000 years of climate variations are also archived there.
The activities of the excavation site is managed by the European Centre for Prehistoric Research.
Aged twenty, the "Man of Tautavel" measured 1.60 m. That Homo erectus had all the specifications of the first Europeans: a receding forehead, a ridge above the orbits, prominent cheekbones and jaws. If not yet mastering fire, he proved to be an excellent hunter. Presumably he would have chosen the site of the Arago Cave for its privileged situation, there he could overview the valley with the river and therefore his preys. (Centre européen de préhistoire).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.; Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.; Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.; Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
OOxygen
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
AlAluminium
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187706
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Comments: Cantabrian Orogen

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3147796
detrital and biogenic deposit

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,sandstone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 223.

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