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Miller Mine (Keystone Mine; Grenville graphite deposit), Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, Argenteuil RCM, Laurentides, Québec, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Miller Mine (Keystone Mine; Grenville graphite deposit)Mine
Grenville-sur-la-Rouge- not defined -
Argenteuil RCMRegional County Municipality
Laurentides- not defined -
Québec- not defined -
CanadaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):, canton de Grenville
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 40' 34'' North , 74° 36' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.67611,-74.60889
GeoHash:G#: f24gy5p6w
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


The first graphite mine in Canada. Ells (1904) suggests the locality was known before 1845. Locality was probably known in 1837 or 1838. The locality is the co-type locality for lederite, one of the first minerals described that has parting.

Currently being developed by Canada Carbon http://www.canadacarbon.com/

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Titanite var: Lederite (of Shepard) (FRL)
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Shepard, Charles Upham (1840) On a Supposed New Mineral Species, American Journal of Science, second series, v. 3-4, p. 357-360.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Lederite (of Shepard) (TL)9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Titanite
var: Lederite (of Shepard) (FRL)
-CaTi(SiO4)O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Titanite (var: Lederite (of Shepard))CaTi(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Titanite (var: Lederite (of Shepard))CaTi(SiO4)O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Titanite (var: Lederite (of Shepard))CaTi(SiO4)O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Titanite (var: Lederite (of Shepard))CaTi(SiO4)O
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 3184666
Mesoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shepard, Charles Upham (1840) On a Supposed New Mineral Species, American Journal of Science, second series, v. 3-4, p. 357-360.
Ells, R. W. (1904) Bulletin on Graphite, Mineral Resources of Canada, pp. 30.
Sabina, A. (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Buckingham - Mount Laurier - Grenville, Quebec; Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68-51, p, 75-77.

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