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Northern fumarole field, First scoria cone (First cinder cone), Northern Breakthrough (North Breach), Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Krai, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 40' 59'' North , 160° 13' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.68333,160.23333
GeoHash:G#: z9cuy0y6g
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


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Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,740 mineral species & varietal names listed

Koriak-Kamchatka fold zone, Russia

Fold zone - 418 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Chubarovite
Formula: KZn2(BO3)Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Cryobostryxite (TL)
Formula: KZnCl3·2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Cryobostryxite, IMA 2014-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1247; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.
Flinteite (TL)
Formula: K2ZnCl4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Flinteite, IMA 2014-009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Jakobssonite
Formula: CaAlF5
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Kalithallite (TL)
Formula: K3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Sidorov, E.G. (2017) Kalithallite, IMA 2017-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1279–1286.
Leonardsenite
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Olsacherite
Formula: Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Saltonseaite
Formula: K3NaMnCl6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Sofiite
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne. Acquired from Dakota Matrix minerals. Part of author's material.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Zincomenite (TL)
Formula: ZnSeO3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V. and Sidorov, E.G. (2014) Zincomenite, IMA 2014-014. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 798; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804. ; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Zincomenite, ZnSeO3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 997-1004.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Challacolloite'3.AA.55KPb2Cl5
'Cotunnite'3.DC.85PbCl2
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Hydrokenoralstonite'3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Sellaite'3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hollandite'4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Sofiite'4.JG.15Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Olsacherite'7.AD.35Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
'Zincomenite' (TL)7.A0.ZnSeO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chubarovite'-KZn2(BO3)Cl2
'Cryobostryxite' (TL)-KZnCl3·2H2O
'Flinteite' (TL)-K2ZnCl4
'Jakobssonite'-CaAlF5
'Kalithallite' (TL)-K3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
'Leonardsenite'-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Saltonseaite'-K3NaMnCl6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX5·xH2O
Challacolloite11.4.2.1KPb2Cl5
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Olsacherite32.1.3.1Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Sofiite34.6.5.1Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chubarovite-KZn2(BO3)Cl2
Cryobostryxite (TL)-KZnCl3·2H2O
Flinteite (TL)-K2ZnCl4
Jakobssonite-CaAlF5
Kalithallite (TL)-K3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
Leonardsenite-MgAlF5·2H2O
Saltonseaite-K3NaMnCl6
Zincomenite (TL)-ZnSeO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CryobostryxiteKZnCl3·2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H KalithalliteK3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BBoron
B ChubaroviteKZn2(BO3)Cl2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ChubaroviteKZn2(BO3)Cl2
O CryobostryxiteKZnCl3·2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O KalithalliteK3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SofiiteZn2(SeO3)Cl2
O ZincomeniteZnSeO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F JakobssoniteCaAlF5
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F SellaiteMgF2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg SellaiteMgF2
AlAluminium
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
ClChlorine
Cl ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Cl ChubaroviteKZn2(BO3)Cl2
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl CryobostryxiteKZnCl3·2H2O
Cl FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl KalithalliteK3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
Cl SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
Cl SofiiteZn2(SeO3)Cl2
KPotassium
K ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
K ChubaroviteKZn2(BO3)Cl2
K CryobostryxiteKZnCl3·2H2O
K FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
K KalithalliteK3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
K SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca JakobssoniteCaAlF5
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
ZnZinc
Zn ChubaroviteKZn2(BO3)Cl2
Zn CryobostryxiteKZnCl3·2H2O
Zn FlinteiteK2ZnCl4
Zn SofiiteZn2(SeO3)Cl2
Zn ZincomeniteZnSeO3
SeSelenium
Se OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Se SofiiteZn2(SeO3)Cl2
Se ZincomeniteZnSeO3
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
TlThallium
Tl KalithalliteK3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3187536
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27: 581-588.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Zincomenite, ZnSeO3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 997-1004.


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