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Chervony Kut meteorite, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 50' North , 34° 0' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.83333,34.00000
GeoHash:G#: uc01jtyj9
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Eucrite-mmict
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Eucrite, monomict
Fell, 23 Jun 1939, 1.7 kg

Chervony Kut is an ancient, highly shocked eucrite consisting mostly of pyroxene (~50 vol%) and plagioclase (~40 vol%) with minor amounts of silica and chromite plus traces of zircon and phosphate. The pyroxenes are a complex mix of orthopyroxene (dominant), pigeonite, and minor exsolved Ca-rich pyroxene. The plagioclase is somewhat variable (mostly Bytownite) in composition — and has also been partially converted into maskelynite.

Excess Ni-60 and Xe-129 are consistent with Chervony Kut's radiometric ~4.55 billion year crystallization age on an original parent body. Its ~38 million year cosmic ray exposure age — shared with several other HED meteorites — suggests that over the last 40 billion years it has been on or very close to the surface of a small asteroid which had been spalled away from the asteroid Vesta during the past eon.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,743 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Range of at leasr An80-An93 {Gooding et al., (1979)]
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979); Lindstrom, M. M. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1992) A Geochemical Study of Russian Eucrites and Howardites: Meteoritics 27 (3): page 250. (July 1992)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
'Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Mineral Chemistry and the petrogenesis of eucrites: I. Noncumulate eucrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (22): 4571-4591. (Nov 1996)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Shukolyukov, Y. A., Minh, D. V., & Scripnik, A. Y. (1982) 244Pu Fission Xe in the Chervony Kut and Vetluga Achondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 728-729. Abstract.
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Lindstrom, M. M. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1992) A Geochemical Study of Russian Eucrites and Howardites: Meteoritics 27 (3): page 250. (July 1992)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Pyroxenes include Orthopyroxene, Pigeonite, and minor amount of Ca-rich pyroxene
Reference: Mostefaoui, S., Lugmair, G. W., Hoppe, P. & El Goresy, A. (2004) Evidence for live 60Fe in meteorites: New Astronomy Reviews 48 (1-4): 155-159. (Feb 2004); Lindstrom, M. M. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1992) A Geochemical Study of Russian Eucrites and Howardites: Meteoritics 27 (3): page 250. (July 1992) ; Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mostefaoui, S., Lugmair, G. W., Hoppe, P. & El Goresy, A. (2004) Evidence for live 60Fe in meteorites: New Astronomy Reviews 48 (1-4): 155-159. (Feb 2004)
'Silica'
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Shukolyukov, Y. A., Minh, D. V., & Scripnik, A. Y. (1982) 244Pu Fission Xe in the Chervony Kut and Vetluga Achondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 728-729. Abstract.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Troilite'2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Pigeonite'9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
SiSilicon
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Oligocene
23.03 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3154438
South part of East European plate, West Siberian, Turanien plates

Age: Oligocene (23.03 - 33.9 Ma)

Lithology: Clay

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3187315
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mason, B. (1967) The Bununu meteorite, and a discussion of the pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31 (2): 107-115.
Gooding, J. L., Prinz, M. & Keil, K. (1979) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Chervony Kut Eucrite (abstract): Lunar Planetary Science Conference X: 446-448. (Mar 1979)
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
Shukolyukov, Y. A., Minh, D. V., & Scripnik, A. Y. (1982) 244Pu Fission Xe in the Chervony Kut and Vetluga Achondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 728-729. Abstract.
Lindstrom, M. M. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1992) A Geochemical Study of Russian Eucrites and Howardites: Meteoritics 27 (3): page 250. (July 1992)
Wadhwa, M. & Lugmair, G. W. (1995) Sm-Nd Systematics of the Eucrite Chervony Kut (Abstract). Lunar Planetary Science Conference XXVI: 1453-1454. (Mar 1995).
Shukolyukov, A. & Begemann, F. (1996) Cosmogenic and fissiogenic noble gases and 81Kr-Kr exposure age clusters of eucrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31 (1): 60-72. (Jan 1996)
Shukolyukov, A. & Begemann, F. (1996) PuXe dating of eucrites: G&CA 60 (13): 2453-2471. (July 1996)
Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Mineral Chemistry and the petrogenesis of eucrites: I. Noncumulate eucrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (22): 4571-4591. (Nov 1996)
Mittlefehldt, D. W., McCoy, T. J., Goodrich, C. A. & Kracher, A. (1998). Non-chondritic meteorites from asteroidal bodies. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 4, 195 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Mostefaoui, S., Lugmair, G. W., Hoppe, P. & El Goresy, A. (2004) Evidence for live 60Fe in meteorites: New Astronomy Reviews 48 (1-4): 155-159. (Feb 2004)

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