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Herja Mine, Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya), Baia Mare (Nagybánya), Maramureș Co., Romania

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 42' 23'' North , 23° 41' 3'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.70639,23.68417
GeoHash:G#: u82z6uwmc
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Herja (Herzsa), Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)

This old mine has been producing some of the world's finest well-crystallized specimens for over a century. The mine is located close to the small village of Chiuzbaia (formerly Kisbánya), 7 km ENE of Baia Mare. [Note: Geographically, the Herja mine belongs to Baia Mare, but old specimens from Herja mine are usually labelled as Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya).]

According to Cook and Damian (1997), all the lead antimony sulfosalts are As-free.

Mineral List

63 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

0 - 66 Ma

ID: 3184425
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

2.588 - 23.03 Ma

ID: 3162663
Neogene andesite

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{andesite}, Minor{rhyolite,rhyodacite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Petrulian, N.S. (1931) Mineralographic examination of the lead and zinc deposits of Herja, Transylvania, Roumania. Anuar. inst. geol. Romaniei: 16: 539-573.
Koch, S. (1963) Antimonit von Herja/Kisbánya, Rumänien. Aufschluss: 14(4): 85ff. (in German)
Borcos, M., Lang, B., Bostinescu, S., and Gheorghita, I. (1975) Neogene hydrothermal ore deposits in the volcanic Gutii Mountains. III. Dealul Crucii-Baiut district. A. Herja, Baia Sprie and Suior ore deposits. Revue Roumaine de Geologie, Geophysique et Geographie: Geologie: 19: 21-35.
Huber, P. and Muresan, I. (1996) Die Erzlagerstätte Herja - Eisen-, Blei- und Antimonminerale aus der Erzlagerstätte Herja (Herzsabánya). Lapis: 21(7): 27ff. (in German)
Huber, P. and Muresan, I. (1996) Mineralienübersicht der wichtigsten Bergbaue des Bezirkes Maramures. Lapis: 21(7): 60. (in German)
Cook, N.J. and Damian, G.S. (1997) New data on "plumosite" and other sulfosalt minerals from the Herja hydrothermal vein deposit, Baia Mare district, Rumania. Geologica Carpathica: 48: 387-399. [http://www.geo.edu.ro/sgr/mod/downloads/PDF/Cook-GeoCarp-1997.pdf]
Brandstetter, R. (1999) Aktuelle mineralogische Notizen aus Maramures, Rumänien - Funde und Sammler-Informationen aus den Jahren 1997/1998. Lapis: 24(3): 31-33. (in German)
Papp, G., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J., Kriston, L., and Nagy, G. (2007) Parajamesonite revisited: background of the discreditation of an enigmatic mineral species. Swiss Journal of Geosciences: 100: 495-502.
Damian, G. (2012) The genesis of the base metal ore deposit from Herja. Studia UBB, Geologia: 48(1): 85-100.
Ghiurcă, V. and Pop, D. (2012) A novel morphological type of siderite in the jamesonite paragenesis from Herja (Maramures County, Romania). Studia UBB, Geologia: 51(1): 23-27.

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