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Glorianes, Pyrénées-Orientales, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Glorianes- not defined -
Pyrénées-OrientalesDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Neighbouring regions:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Languedoc-Roussillon


Glorianes, one of the smallest village of France (less than 20 inhabitants), is situated in the Pyrénées-Orientales in the gold-bearing sector of the Aspres, at the foot of the Massif of Canigou.
The gold-bearing value of this occurrence however known is quite ignored by maps and locals who consider it as a simple iron mine.
This sector shelters numerous veins of arsenopyrite with invisible gold (mispickel aurifère). Such occurrences are known in the general sector of the Aspres as Glorianes, Serrabone, Estoher, Baillestavy and St Pons chapel near Casefabre.
The occurrence was classically discovered by shepherds in 1902 and was the object of research works until 1905. A concession was granted in 1922 for 1080 hectares (2668 acres) followed by occasional exploitations in 1923-1924 and in 1938-1939.
In 1941 an access for concession is refused. In 1955, considering that the deposit was insufficiently known and that the researches had remained superficial, the Mine Service allows the mine exploitation restart. The concession is cancelled in 1967 but another licence for research is requested again in 1968. Works take place in 1969 and exploration is made in 1970 in Serrabonne close site.
In 1987 the BRGM, the French geological survey, restarts the prospection. It will reveal and confirm the low economical potential of the deposit. The estimation of gold overall extraction is about 35O kg with a medium concentration of only 12g Au/ton with an ore estimation of 25000 tons.
Three main veins are known at Glorianes (two at Serrabonne).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 126.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 3
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb StibniteSb2S3
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189976
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Pyrenees

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3131032
marine molasse

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{quartzite,marble}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 117-119.

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