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Kabaing (Ka-Pine; Khabine), Kyauk-Pyat-That, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 54' 32'' North , 96° 21' 17'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 22.90889,96.35472
GeoHash:G#: whhd2d7mg
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Burma


Pink gem spinel and star sapphire.
The area was known before the British annexation of Burma (1886). The current mining area is situated NE of the Mandalay-Mogok road, adjacent to the Karen village of Kabaing.
Granite microgranite is the principle rock. In 1999 SE of Kabaing village several joint venture mines were in operation, using mechanized open-pit and myaw-dwin mining methods, producing blue sapphires and some rubies of all qualities.
One of the mines (U-Soe-Myint-Tun Private Mine) was in continuous operation since 1996, producing ruby, blue and fancy-colored sapphire, quartz (citrine, amethyst, six-rayed star rose-pink quartz, chalcedony) and other gems. Of all corundum recovered about 20% were small size rubies of good quality; 80% were mostly blue sapphires of cabochon grade and fewer of faceting grade. Rubies and sapphires up to 10 ct were often found but they were opaque and excessively flawed. The largest blue sapphire found at Kabaing was a 502-carat prismatic crystal. - Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Cordierite var: Iolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: ; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: ; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Lapis lazuli'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Moonstone'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: ; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Amblygonite'8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
var: Iolite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Lapis lazuli-
Moonstone-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cordierite
var: Iolite
-(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lapis lazuli'-
'Moonstone'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Precambrian
541 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3191083
Precambrian crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok


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