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Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division), Myanmar

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Washing ruby-laden gravel in the rich mines of Mogok, 1904.

Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar
Washing plant of the Burma Ruby Mining Company at Mogok, 1905.

Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar
Washing ruby-laden gravel in the rich mines of Mogok, 1904.

Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar
Washing plant of the Burma Ruby Mining Company at Mogok, 1905.

Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar
 
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 55' 59'' North , 96° 29' 48'' East (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Burma
Other regions containing this locality:Asia


The Mogok Valley, or "Möng kut", meaning "Winding Valley" in the Shan language is the original location where rubies, sapphires and other gemstones were first mined systematically by the Burma Ruby Mines Limited for more than 43 years; thereafter the valley was mined by private concerns, Burmese government-owned companies and lately by joint venture gem companies.
The main valley starts at the foothills of Oak-saung-taung in the east, continuing for about 7 km in the south-western direction, and ending at Haphalar-sho in the west. Nearly all mining activities are situated at the northern side of the Mogôk-Mömeik road ending up to the northern high hills bordering the valley.
There are more than 200 mining plots in the valley floor managed by more than 35 companies. The most important mines are the government-operated Shwe-pyi-aye, Lin-yaung-chi and Nga-yant-inn, all working mainly on the alluvium. Other important mines are Dattaw, Le-U-le-taw and Ohn-bin-ywe-htwet. - Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

60 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Iyer, L.A.N. (1953): The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, India, 100 pp. (Reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus Co Ltd.)

Themelis, T. (2000): Mogôk - Valley of Rubies & Sapphires. A & T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 272 pp.

Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Khin Zaw, Rak, P., Doyle, M.G. (2003): Jurassic to Miocene magmatism and metamorphism in the Mogok metamorphic belt and the India-Eurasia collision in Myanmar. Tectonics 22, 1-11.

Themelis, T. (2008): Gems and mines of Mogok. A & T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 352 pp. [Note: some coordinates were correct in the previous edition (Themelis 2000), but are wrong in this edition.]

Harlow, G. E. & Bender, W. (2013): A study of ruby (corundum) compositions from the Mogok Belt, Myanmar: Searching for chemical fingerprints. American Mineralogist 98, 1120-1132.


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