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Erevan meteorite, Erevan Province (Yerevan), Armeniai
Regional Level Types
Erevan meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Erevan Province (Yerevan)Province
ArmeniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 18' North , 44° 30' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.30000,44.50000
GeoHash:G#: szptk87ut
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Howardite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Howardite
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Yeghvard10,705 (2016)3.0km
Mrgashen1,623 (2016)4.1km
Zoravan1,167 (2016)6.5km
K’anak’erravan2,950 (2016)6.6km
Nor Geghi4,896 (2016)7.5km


Howardite (HED achondrite)
Fell 1911, 107.2 g

A small stone which fell in either 1911 or 1912, but became known to the scientific world over seven decades later is one of only 16 known Howardite falls. Its primary constituents are a ~ 2/1 mixture of a Eucritic pigeonite-plagioclase intergrowth compounded with Diogenitic orthopyroxene. All Howardites are brecciated mixtures of Eucritic and Diogenitic materials, but Erevan is somewhat unusual in this regard. In addition to its somewhat extreme range in pyroxene, plagioclase, and (even) olivine compositions, it has an unusually diverse set of exotic clasts. Carbonaceous, glassy, and even Angrite-like clasts and xenoliths are found as well as small and comminuted Eucrite and Diogenite clasts. Consequently, in addition to the several silicates and opaques we usually found in Howardites, there are also small amounts of carbonates and phyllosilicates which we do not usually find in most Howardites. As a curious consequence Erevan and Jodzie, the two least massive Howardites, rank among the 3 or 4 top Howardites in mineralogical diversity.

Current thinking is that almost all Howardites (as well as almost all Eucrites and Diogenites) are likely fragments derived from ancient impacts which stirred up the crust and upper mantle of the asteroid 4 Vesta and eventually blasted large amounts of material into space. Subsequently time, more collisions, and gravitational circumstance eventually brought a small portion of the ancient ejecta to the planet earth. There is nothing in the above record which is inconsistent with Erevan being an HED meteorite (Howardite-Eucrite-Diogenite) whose Original Parent Body was the asteroid Vesta. Erevan even shares a ~20 million year cosmic ray exposure age with several other HED meteorites, further suggesting a shared HED history. However, there are clear indications that a few, at least, of the HED stones in our collections had separate parent bodies (Cf. recent references provided below). So, for now, there is still plenty of work to be done before we can start assigning definite Original Parent Bodies even to such apparently 'normal' HED meteorites as Erevan.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Several anorthite clasts (An96-97)
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Bytownite (An85) found in Angrite clasts (and elsewhere)
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Description: In carbonaceous clast
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F. & Kurat, G. ( 1994) P-rich Sulfide, Barringerite, and Other Phases in Carbonaceous Clasts of the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 979-980 (March 1994)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Description: In carbonaceous xenoliths
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F., Kurat, G., Spettel, B. & Palme, H. ( 1994) Chemistry of Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 981-982 (March 1994)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Forsteritic Olivine ranges from Fa12-Fa36
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993); Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F. & Kurat, G. ( 1994) P-rich Sulfide, Barringerite, and Other Phases in Carbonaceous Clasts of the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 979-980 (March 1994)
'Glass'
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Description: Ni-poor Iron w. Co up to 2%
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: Kamacite with Ni 6-7%, Co~0.5%
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: In carbonaceous xenoliths
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993); Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F., Kurat, G., Spettel, B. & Palme, H. ( 1994) Chemistry of Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 981-982 (March 1994)
'Silica'
Description: Silica found in glassy and Angrite clasts
Reference: Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993); Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Description: In carbonaceous xenoliths
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993); Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F., Kurat, G., Spettel, B. & Palme, H. ( 1994) Chemistry of Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 981-982 (March 1994)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Barringerite1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Barringerite1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Iron-Fe
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
PPhosphorus
P Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
SSulfur
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3192063
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3132437
Neogene andesite

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Andesite group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
McSween, H. Y. Jr. & 11 others (1913). Dawn, the Vesta-HED connection; and the Geological context for eucrites, diogenites, and howardites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 48(13): 2090-2104. (Nov 2013)
Graham, A. L. - Editor (1978). Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 55. Meteoritics 13 (3): 327-352. (Sept 1978)
Kvasha, L. G., Skripnik, A. Ia., Diakonova, M. I., Kharitonova, V. Ia. & Levskii, L. K. (1978) The Erevan meteorite. Meteoritika: 37: 80-86, 257-260. In Russian. English abstract available.
Nazarov, M. A. & Ariskin, A. A. (1993) The Erevan Howardite: Petrology of Glassy Clasts and Mineral Chemistry (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1049-1050 (March 1993)
Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993)
Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F. & Kurat, G. (1994) P-rich Sulfide, Barringerite, and Other Phases in Carbonaceous Clasts of the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 979-980 (March 1994)
Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F., Kurat, G., Spettel, B. & Palme, H. (1994) Chemistry of Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 981-982 (March 1994)
Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (1995) Angrite-like Clasts from the Erevan Howardite: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI: 1033-1034. (March 1995)
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Scott, E.R.D., Greenwood, R.C., Franchi, I.A. & Sanders, I.S. (2009) Oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin and parent bodies of eucrites, diogenites, and howardites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 73(19): 5835-5853. (Oct 2009)

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