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Yurtuk Meteorite, Mikhailov District, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukrainei
Regional Level Types
Yurtuk MeteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Mikhailov DistrictDistrict
Zaporizhia OblastOblast

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 19' North , 35° 22' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.31667,35.36667
GeoHash:G#: ub3jhv9px
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Howardite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Howardite
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
Pryshyb3,365 (2015)7.3km
Mykhaylivka13,216 (2014)11.9km
Vasylivka15,012 (2014)15.1km
Tymoshivka2,975 (2015)24.0km
Novobohdanivka3,506 (2015)25.9km

Fell 2 Apr 1936; 1.472 kg

A 509 g stone fell thru the roof of a house while other fragments were recovered outside. Yurtuk was only the 11th of 16 witnessed Howardite falls during the 19th and 20th Centuries. Howardites are primarily brecciated mixtures of Eucritic basaltic materials and Diogenitic orthopyroxenite. The Eucritic and Diogenitic material in Yurtuk has been partially equilibrated and ancient, shock-produced glass partially devitrified. However, the variable overall composition of silicates grains and, especially, the iron-enhanced rims of small silicate minerals indicate that the equilibrating process was left unfinished when the Yurtuk material was launched into space (presumably after an unusually strong impact event). In addition to the predominant orthopyroxene, pigeonite and anorthitic plagioclase commonly found in almost all Howardites, a number of minor phases have been reported. Minor silicates include variable olivine and silica (tridymite and perhaps others). Opaques include chalcopyrite, chromite, ilmenite, and three varieties of Fe-rich metal (kamacite and taenite ['meteoritic iron' properly speaking], plus some unusual Ni-poor iron).

Howardites are members of the HED clan of achondritic meteorites (Howardites-Eucrites-Diogenites) that were formed by a combination of igneous differentiation and impact gardening on moderately large asteroidal parent bodies. Four decades of astronomical and meteoritical study — including the recently completed DAWN mission — have made it clear that most HED meteorites are fragments of asteroid 4 Vesta. Recent studies using very high precision studies of oxygen isotope ratios have also made it almost certain that a not insignificant fraction of HED meteorites (especially Eucrites) must have had separate parent bodies. Nothing in the mineralogical record cited here is inconsistent with Vesta being the Original Parent Body (OPB) for Yurtuk, but more work will be done to establish precisely which HED meteorites are indeed Vesta fragments and which are petrological 'look-alikes.' After all, the important Martian meteorite, ALH84001, was originally classified as a 'Diogenite.'

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

9 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Formula: CuFeS2
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Pyroxene Group'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Formula: SiO2
Formula: FeS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Group 9 - Silicates
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Metals, other than the Platinum Group
var: Kamacite,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O TridymiteSiO2
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si TridymiteSiO2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TroiliteFeS
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IronFe
Fe TroiliteFeS
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

2.588 - 5.333 Ma

ID: 3139608
East European, West Siberian, Turanian plates

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sand}, Minor{sandstone,clay}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

2500 - 2800 Ma

ID: 3192220
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoarchean (2500 - 2800 Ma)

Comments: Ukrainian Massif

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Duke, M.B. & Silver, L.T. (1967) Petrology of eucrites, howardites, and mesosiderites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 31, 1637-1665.
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Hewins, R. H. (1979) The composition and origin of metal in howardites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 43: 1663-1673. (Oct 1979)
Mason B., Jarosewich E. & Nelen J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
Labotka, T. C. & Papike, J. J. (1980) Samples of the regolith of the eucrite parent-body: Petrology of Frankfort, Pavlovka, Yurtuk, Malvern, and ALHA 77302. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XI: 1103-1130.
Ostertag, R. (1984) Textural and Chemical Analyses of Crystalline Melt Breccia Clasts in Howardites and Polymict Eucrites (Abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science XV: 619-620. (Mar 1984)
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Wiechert, U.H., Halliday, A.N., Palme, H., Rumble, D. (2004) Oxygen isotope evidence for rapid mixing of the HED meteorite parent body. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 221, 373-382.
Scott, E.R.D., Greenwood, R.C., Franchi, I.A. & Sanders, I.S. (2009) Oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin and parent bodies of eucrites, diogenites, and howardites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73 (19): 5835-5853. (Oct 2009)
McSween, H. Y. Jr. & 11 others (1913). Dawn, the Vesta-HED connection; and the Geological context for eucrites, diogenites, and howardites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 (13): 2090-2104. (Nov 2013)
Lorenz, C. A., Khisina, N. R., Habler, G., Abart, R., Ntaflos, Th. & Brandstaetter, F. (2014) Composition of a Pyroxenitic Fragment from the Yurtuk Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLV. LPI Contribution No. 1777: pdf.#2320. (March 2014)

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