SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Töysä, Alavus, Kuusiokunnat, South Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Töysä- not defined -
AlavusMunicipality
KuusiokunnatSubregion
South OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):, Alavus, Länsi- ja sisä Suomen alue (Vestra & inre Finlands region), Suomi
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 62° 33' 23'' North , 23° 48' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 62.55652,23.81434
GeoHash:G#: ue0gvuj44
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Old, quite small pegmatite quarry that has been quarried for feldspar and quartz. A limited amount of REE minerals occur at the site, but many are weathered and / or metamict and to a varying degree anhedral.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Sarapää, Olli & al. 2013. Hi-tech metallitutkimukset Suomessa vuosina 2009-2012. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti 161/2013.
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Epidote var: Yttroepidote
Formula: {(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Formanite-(Y)
Formula: YTaO4
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: J. Dyer sample P. Kartashov data
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Joel Dyer Collection
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Pavel Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: P. Kartashov analytical data, J. Dyer material

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cerianite-(Ce)'4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Formanite-(Y)'7.GA.10YTaO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite-(Y)'9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Yttroepidote9.BG.05a{(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Gadolinite-(Y)'9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Formanite-(Y)8.1.1.2YTaO4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)58.2.1a.3{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Epidote
var: Yttroepidote
-{(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Hafnian Zircon
-(Zr,Hf)SiO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CCarbon
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
YYttrium
Y Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Y Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Epidote (var: Yttroepidote){(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
HfHafnium
Hf Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Formanite-(Y)YTaO4
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185073
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 637701
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: undivided

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Granite, monzonite, quartz monzonite, quartz monzodiorite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3142093
Proterozoic I granite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sarapää, Olli & al. 2013. Hi-tech metallitutkimukset Suomessa vuosina 2009-2012. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti 161/2013.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 14, 2019 07:54:48 Page generated: November 30, 2018 12:54:20
Go to top of page