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Wesselton Mine, KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine), Kimberley, Francis Baard District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° 46' 4'' South , 24° 49' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -28.76781,24.82877
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


A diamond mine in a kimberlite pipe. The Wesselton mine was the last of the Kimberley mines to be started in 1890. In 1891, the mine was taken over by DeBeers. When it was closed in 2005, the deepest level was at 995 meters below surface, making it the deepest diamond mine in the world.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
252.17 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 2230572
Prince Albert Formation of Ecca Group of Karoo Supergroup

Age: Permian (252.17 - 298.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Prince Albert Formation

Description: Dark-grey mudrock

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

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- Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 149.
- Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Some Aspects of the Mineralogy and Petrology of Ultramafic Xenoliths in Kimberlite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
- Rocks & Minerals: 18: 74.
- Mining Annual Review (1985): 147.
- Mitchell, R.H. (1994): Accessory rare earth, strontium, barium and zirconium minerals in the Benfontein and Wesselton calcite kimberlites In: Proceedngs of the Fifth International Kimberlite Conference (H.O.A. Meyer & O.H. Leonardos, editors). Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais, Spec. Publication 1: 115-128.
- Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
White, J. L., Sparks, R. S. J., Bailey, K., Barnett, W. P., Field, M., & Windsor, L. (2012). Kimberlite sills and dykes associated with the Wesselton kimberlite pipe, Kimberley, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 115(1), 1-32.

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