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Wesselton Mine, Kimberley, Francis Baard District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° 46' 4'' South , 24° 49' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -28.767813, 24.828773

A diamond mine in a kimberlite pipe. The Wesselton mine was the last of the Kimberley mines to be started in 1890. In 1891, the mine was taken over by DeBeers. When it was closed in 2005, the deepest level was at 995 meters below surface, making it the deepest diamond mine in the world.

Mineral List

9 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 149.
- Mathias, M., Siebert, J.C., and Rickwood, P.C. (1970): Some Aspects of the Mineralogy and Petrology of Ultramafic Xenoliths in Kimberlite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 26, 75-123.
- Rocks & Minerals: 18: 74.
- Mining Annual Review (1985): 147.
- Mitchell, R.H. (1994): Accessory rare earth, strontium, barium and zirconium minerals in the Benfontein and Wesselton calcite kimberlites In: Proceedngs of the Fifth International Kimberlite Conference (H.O.A. Meyer & O.H. Leonardos, editors). Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais, Spec. Publication 1: 115-128.
- Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
White, J. L., Sparks, R. S. J., Bailey, K., Barnett, W. P., Field, M., & Windsor, L. (2012). Kimberlite sills and dykes associated with the Wesselton kimberlite pipe, Kimberley, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 115(1), 1-32.

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