Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Wheal Ellen, Strathalbyn, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Wheal EllenMine
Strathalbyn- not defined -
South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)Mountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 11' 15'' South , 138° 55' 36'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Macclesfield1,469 (2012)8.5km
Strathalbyn4,731 (2012)8.6km
Willyaroo624 (2018)10.4km
Callington1,246 (2012)12.8km
Mount Barker8,357 (2012)14.5km


Located 8 kms from Strathalbyn, the Wheal Ellen mine was worked from 1856. The lode was a tabular, massive, stratiform lead, zinc, iron sulphide body to 4.5m wide, at least 230m long, and plunging ~25 degrees S. Massive ore consisted of lead-zinc-silver sulphides carrying gold occurring in garnet-quartz-biotite rock within a greywacke (quartz-mica schist of the Tapanappa Formation), dipping 65 degrees, and trending 110 degrees. The mineralisation is possibly SEDEX style, and clearly modified by metamorphism. There is strong zonation from copper-rich in the north through to zinc-rich in the south, similar to the Angus Deposit 10 km along strike. Estimated production was ~75,000 tonne of sulphide ore from 1857-1911, averaging ~10% lead, 18% zinc, 150 g/t silver, and 4 g/t gold. It was mined to a depth of 120 m. There was some diamond drilling in 1920, and 1952. Also recovery of ~5,000 tonne arsenic ore at 49%As. There were reports of a bed of garnetiferous sandstone to 40-60m wide, with up to 50% garnet in places. Exploration by Hillgrove Resources in 2015 indicated no significant mineralisation along strike, with known mineralisation open at depth. Best assays were 1.6 m at 8.5% Zn, 4.3% Pb, 1.1g/t Au, 0.7% Cu, and 81 g/t Ag.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 1573

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
BiBismuth
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187119
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Amphibolite grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Series 2 - Terreneuvian
509 - 541 Ma



ID: 932013
Bollaparudda Subgroup

Age: Cambrian (509 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bollaparudda Subgroup

Description: Greywacke, massive to laminated, fine to coarse grained, grading up to laminated siltstone in cycles; sandstone, laminated and cross-bedded

Comments: feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
SARIG SA Geodata Database, Mineral Deposit Details, Deposit Number 1573 Wheal Ellen.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 26, 2019 10:36:56 Page generated: May 23, 2019 19:35:02
Go to top of page