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Mineo meteorite, Mineo, Catania Province, Sicily, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 16' 59'' North , 14° 42' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.28333,14.70000
GeoHash:G#: sqdkne0pn
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Pallasite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Pallasite
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Meteorite di Mineo, Mineo, Provincia di Catania, Sicilia, Italia


Official name: Mineo
Observed fall: yes
Fall: 1826, May 3
Coordinates (Catalogue of Meteorites): 37°17'N, 14°42'E
Approx. recovered weight: ?, 42 g preserved
Pallasite, Main Group (Stony iron)

A luminous object fell near a farm (Podere Fontanelli) after a loud noise and created a crater. Small pallasitic fragments have since been reported, but almost all of the original mass is long gone (the only 42 grams still available worldwide are part of the Meteorite collection of the Department of Physics and Geology, University of Perugia). That is unfortunate as Mineo was apparently the first of only 4 witnessed pallasite falls. [Pallasites represent only ~0.3% of witnessed meteorite falls.] As pallasites are defined by the presence of nearly equal amounts of olivine and Fe-Ni metal, Mineo is clearly a pallasite and appears to be one of the Main Group pallasites with an olivine composition ~9 wt% Fe. However, the olivine is somewhat variable — perhaps due to rapid cooling after a late impact event. In addition to kamacite (the dominant metal), plessite appears to contain small amounts of both taenite and an additional high Ni phase. Two phosphides (schreiberite, barringerite) and Fe-sulfide (probable troilite) are also present.

A small sample (~3 g) and an additional microsample (~0.2 g) for X-ray powder diffraction were analyzed by various techniques (Zucchini et al., 2018). This study provides the primary source for any detailed mineralogical characterizations, but is necessarily incomplete and and may be somewaht unrepresentative.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


4 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.; Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
'Pallasite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
'Plessite'
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Barringerite'1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Meteoritic Iron-
Pallasite meteorite-
Plessite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Barringerite1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Pallasite meteorite'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

PPhosphorus
P Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
FeIron
Fe Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
NiNickel
Ni Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3192835
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3134318
Pliocene clay

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{clay}, Minor{sand,conglomerate,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Zucchini, A., Petrelli, M., Frondini, F., Petroni, C.M., Sassi, P., Di Michele, A., Palmerini, S., Trippella, O., and Busso, M. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 53, 2 (Feb. 2018), 268-283.

External Links

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php = Meteoritical Bulletin Database


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