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Xilong, Chun'an County, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Chinai
Regional Level Types
XilongOccurrence
Chun'an CountyCounty
HangzhouPrefecture
ZhejiangProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
29° 32' North , 118° 55' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
西垄村, 衢江区, 衢州市, 浙江省, 中国


Outcrops of Cenozoic basalts that contain a variety of xenoliths, including granulite facies xenoliths and potassium-rich mantle xenoliths such as lherzolite xenoliths and melt glass xenoliths.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
'Chlorite Group var: Brunsvigite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Qi, Q. U., TAYLOR, L. A., & ZHOU, X. (1995). Petrology and geochemistry of mantle peridotite xenoliths from SE China. Journal of Petrology, 36(1), 55-79. Cao, R. L., & Zhu, S. H. (1987). Mantle xenoliths and alkali-rich host rocks in eastern China. Mantle xenoliths, 167-180. Cao, R., Zhu, S., Aoki, K., & Fujimaki, H. (1992). Sanidine-olivine-diopside association in a metasomatized garnet lherzolite xenolith from southeastern China. Chinese journal of geochemistry, 11(1), 55-69.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Qi, Q. U., TAYLOR, L. A., & ZHOU, X. (1995). Petrology and geochemistry of mantle peridotite xenoliths from SE China. Journal of Petrology, 36(1), 55-79. Cao, R. L., & Zhu, S. H. (1987). Mantle xenoliths and alkali-rich host rocks in eastern China. Mantle xenoliths, 167-180. Cao, R., Zhu, S., Aoki, K., & Fujimaki, H. (1992). Sanidine-olivine-diopside association in a metasomatized garnet lherzolite xenolith from southeastern China. Chinese journal of geochemistry, 11(1), 55-69.
'Glass'
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Jinhai Yu, Lei Zhao, and Xisheng Xu (2002): Geological Journal of China Universities 8(3), 280-292; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Jinhai Yu, Lei Zhao, and Xisheng Xu (2002): Geological Journal of China Universities 8(3), 280-292
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022; Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Qi, Q. U., TAYLOR, L. A., & ZHOU, X. (1995). Petrology and geochemistry of mantle peridotite xenoliths from SE China. Journal of Petrology, 36(1), 55-79. Cao, R. L., & Zhu, S. H. (1987). Mantle xenoliths and alkali-rich host rocks in eastern China. Mantle xenoliths, 167-180. Cao, R., Zhu, S., Aoki, K., & Fujimaki, H. (1992). Sanidine-olivine-diopside association in a metasomatized garnet lherzolite xenolith from southeastern China. Chinese journal of geochemistry, 11(1), 55-69.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182
Yuksporite
Formula: K4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Reference: Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Erionite-K9.GD.20(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Yuksporite9.DG.95K4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'var: Brunsvigite'-(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Yuksporite66.3.1.5K4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'var: Brunsvigite'-(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Erionite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
NaSodium
Na YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
KPotassium
K YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe Chlorite Group (var: Brunsvigite)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
SrStrontium
Sr YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
NbNiobium
Nb YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
BaBarium
Ba YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Cenozoic : 5.332 Ma to 0.01143 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
ⓘ Nephelinite (youngest age)Pleistocene
  Neogene
   Pliocene
ⓘ Nephelinite (oldest age)Pliocene
(0.01143 - 5.332 Ma)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jinhai Yu, Lei Zhao, and Xisheng Xu (2002): Discovery and implications of granulite facies xenoliths from some Cenozoic basalts, SE China. Geological Journal of China Universities 8(3), 280-292 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2012): The cause of composition anomalies of basalt. Geological Review 58(6), 1017-1022 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Letian Du and Wenguang Wang (2014): The mantle glass xenoliths in Cenozoic basalt, sampled from Xilong, Zhejiang Province, China. Earth Science Frontiers 21(1), 177-182 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.71

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

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