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Wheal Turner (Red Bluff Mine; Wheal Turner Mine), Yudnamutana District, Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station) , North Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 12' 54'' South , 139° 14' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.21500,139.23389
GeoHash:G#: r4eh07e0b
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


A copper mine. Also known as the Red Bluff Mine. This mine sits half way up a steep bluff of red quartzite. The quartzite is cross-cut by numerous quartz veins and the copper mineralisation is hosted by these veins.

It should be noted that "Wheal" is Cornish for mine so the correct locality name probably should be Wheal Turner and not Wheal Turner Mine or mines. Cornish miners were the original miners here.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Wheal Turner S. Aust

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: H Y L Brown (1893) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, with the Mines and other localities where found. South Australia Geological Department; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: H Y L Brown (1893) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, with the Mines and other localities where found. South Australia Geological Department; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Trevor Dart Collection; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Trevor Dart Collection; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094; Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2094

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O TenoriteCuO
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 741589
Burra Group

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Burra Group

Description: Siltstone, laminated; shale; sandstone, heavy mineral lamination, quartzose to feldspathic, cross bedding; dolomite, blue-grey to pale pink, lenticular.

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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