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Friar Intake Level, Low Row, Swaledale, North Yorkshire, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 22' 25'' North , 2° 2' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.37361,-2.04139
GeoHash:G#: gcwt3d3t0
UK National Grid Reference:SD974976
Locality type:Level
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Dump behind stone retaining-wall on north side of B6270 between Gunnerside village and Low Row.

The Friar Intake mine was worked on the north side of the River Swale between the hamlets of Gunnerside and Low Row. The mine consists of a level and several shafts which follow the course of the Friar Intake vein up the hillside. The low level was driven as a crosscut in 1876, reaching the vein after 400ft before continuing northwards for a further 1500ft. The higher workings, which consist of a series of shafts and bell pits, are thought to date back to the 17th century. Overall lead production was quite low and the mine was worked on a relatively small scale over the course of two centuries. Today the bell pits are largely grassed over but two large dumps from the main shaft and low level workings remain, along with the remains of two small buildings.

Regions containing this locality

Yorkshire, England, UK

Historic County - 151 mineral species & varietal names listed

The Pennines, England, UK

Range of Mountains and Hills - 259 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: P. nicholson Collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Paul Nicholson collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Paul Nicholson collection
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Nicholson collection
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: P. Nicholson collection
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Paul Nicholson collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: P. Nicholson collection
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Paul Nicholson collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rosasite'5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
'Strontianite'5.AB.15SrCO3
'Witherite'5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dunham, K.C. & Wilson, A.A. (1985) Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven. British Geological Survey: 169 – 170.


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