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Caucasus Mountains, Asia/Europei
Regional Level Types
Caucasus MountainsMountain Range
Asia/Europe- not defined -

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Sochi327,608 (2014)
Sokhumi81,546 (2014)
Tuapse64,234 (2017)
Sheki63,000 (2014)
Gelendzhik50,715 (2012)
Lazarevskoye30,000 (2012)
Other Languages:
German:
Kaukasus
Italian:
Catena del Caucaso
Russian:
Кавказские горы
Spanish:
Montañas del Cáucaso
Arabic:
جبال القوقاز
Azeri:
Qafqaz dağları
Farsi/Persian:
رشته‌کوه قفقاز
Georgian:
კავკასიონი
Turkish:
Kafkas Dağları


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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

208 valid minerals. 23 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
'Adigeite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Zadov, A.E., Gazeev, V.M., Karimova, O.V., Pertsev, K.N., Pekov, I.V., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gurbanov, A.G., Belakovsky, D.I., Borisovsky, S.E., Kartashev, P.M., Ivanova, A.G., Yakubovich, O.V. (2011): Magnesioneptunite KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24 - a new mineral of the neptunite group. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 140(1), 57-66 (in Russian). English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits, 53, 775-782.
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Aklimaite (TL)
Formula: Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Zadov, A.E., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Gazeev, V.M., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Kartashov, P.M., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Pertzev, N.N., Gurbanov, A.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012) Aklimaite, Ca4[Si2O5(OH2)](OH)4·5Н2O, a new natural hydrosilicate from Lakargi area (the North Caucazus, Russia). Zapiski RMO: 141(2): 21-31.
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Gigiadze, G.B., Guniava, V.D., Mozgova, N.N., Tsepin, A.I., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1984): On the first occurrence of chlorosulfosalts in the U.S.S.R. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 277: 1464-1467 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, F., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1281
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Int J Econ & Environ Geology Vol 1(2) pp 25-29
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
'Bedenite'
Reference: N.E. Efremov (1935) Min Syre Moscow No. 9 p15; New Minerals (1938) American Mineralogist. 23:468
'Beegerite'
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Bitikleite (TL)
Formula: Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010): Bitikleite-(SnAl) and bitikleite-(ZrFe) - new garnets from xenoliths of the Upper Chegem volcanic structure, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 95, 959-967.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Bredigite
Formula: Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.; Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: A. E. Zadov data;
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
'Bursaite'
Formula: Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Calcio-olivine (TL)
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Zadov, A.E. et al., Doklady Earth Science 423A, 1431 (2008); Zadov A.E., Gazeyev V.M., Pertsev N.N., Gurbanov A.G., Gobechiya E.R., Yamnova N.A., Chukanov N.V. (2008) Calcioolivine gamma-Ca2SiO4 - an old and new mineral species. - ZVMO, N6, pp. 46-57 (in Rus.); Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Tintilozov, Z.K. [Тинтилозов З.К.] (1983) The Novoafonskaya cave system [Новоафонская пещерная система]. Metsniereba [Мецниереба], Tbilisi, 151 pp. (in Russian); Evseev, A. A. [Евсеев, А.А.] (2004) Atlas of the World for mineralogist [Атлас мира для минералога]. Ecost Association [Ассоциация Экост], Moscow, page 149 (in Russian).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy. Vol. 1. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA, 588 pgs (lapieite).
Chegemite (TL)
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Reference: Galuskin, E. V.; Gazeev, V. M.; Lazic, B.; Armbruster, T.; Galuskina, I. O.; Zadov, A. E.; Pertsev, N. N.; Wrzalik, R.; Dzierzanowski, P.; Gurbanov, A. G. & Bzowska, G. (2009): Chegemite Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2 - a new humite-group calcium mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 1045-1059.
'Chegemite–Fluorchegemite'
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Chlorellestadite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Środek, D.,Książek,M., Galuskina,I.O., Kusz, J., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V. and Galuskin, E. (2017) Chlorellestadite, IMA 2017-013. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 741; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 737–742. ; Środek, D., Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E., Dulski, M., Książek, M., Kusz, J., & Gazeev, V. (2018). Chlorellestadite, Ca 5 (SiO 4) 1.5 (SO 4) 1.5 Cl, a new ellestadite-group mineral from the Shadil-Khokh volcano, South Ossetia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-10.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
'Chlorkyuygenite' (FRL)
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Zhabin, A. G., Samsonova, N. S., Chuchua, I. B., Yaroshevich, V. Z., Arevadze, D. V., & Shubitidze, D. S. (1990). Ore-bearing Metasomatically Altered Limestones of the Black Shale Association. International Geology Review, 32(11), 1145-1155.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Zvezdinskaya L.V., Shtanov V.I. (1995) Composition of dawsonite and its thermal decomposition process, - DAN, 344(6), p.798-800 (in Rus.).
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: S.I. Delitsyn data
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Dovyrenite
Formula: Ca6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Dzhuluite (TL)
Formula: Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Edgrewite (TL)
Formula: Ca9(SiO4)4F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Pertsev, N.N., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierzanowski, P., Zadov, A.E. and Dubrovinsky, L. (2011) Edgrewite, IMA 2011-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Galuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R, Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2012): Edgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4F2 – hydroxyledgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2, a new series of calcium humite-group minerals from altered xenoliths in the ignimbrite of Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist, 97, 1998-2006.
Elbrusite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
Reference: Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010): Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 95, 1172-1181.
Eltyubyuite (TL)
Formula: Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
'Ettringite Group'
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Fluorchegemite (TL)
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)3F2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Zadov, A.E., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2012) Fluorchegemite, IMA 2011-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817. ; Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.;
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Gigiadze, G.B., Guniava, V.D., Mozgova, N.N., Tsepin, A.I., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1984): On the first occurrence of chlorosulfosalts in the U.S.S.R. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 277: 1464-1467 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, F., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1281
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Galena var. Bismuthiferous Galena
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Galuskinite
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)3(CO3)
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Gazeevite (TL)
Formula: BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Galuskina, I.O., Armbruster, T., Vapnik, Y., Kusz, J., Dulski, M., Gardocki, M. and Dzierz˙anowski, P. (2015) Gazeevite, IMA 2015- 037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 946; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.; Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
'Gismondine'
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Borisov, M. V., Volkova, M. M., & Bychkov, D. A. (2016). Ore sources of the base-metal veins at the Dzhimidon deposit, North Ossetia, Russia: Evidence from REE distribution in ores and host rocks. Geochemistry International, 54(4), 346-361.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
'Grossular-Katoite Series'
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Tintilozov, Z.K. [Тинтилозов З.К.] (1983) The Novoafonskaya cave system [Новоафонская пещерная система]. Metsniereba [Мецниереба], Tbilisi, 151 pp. (in Russian); Chervyatsova, O.Ya., Potapov, S.S., Sadykov, S.A., Leonova, L.V., and Dbar, R.S. [Червяцова, О.Я., Потапов, С.С., Садыков, С.А., Леонова, Л.В., и Дбар, Р.С.] (2016) Distribution, morphology, sulfur isotopic composition and genesis of gypsum deposits in Novoafonskaya cave (Abkhazia) [Распространение, морфология, изотопный состав серы и гннезис гипсовых отложений в Новоафонской пещере (Абхазия)]. Mineralogiya [Минералогия], 3, 79-94 (in Russian); Chervyatsova, O.Ya., Potapov, S.S., Rakin, V.I., Sergeev, S.N., Dbar, R.S., and Ekba, Ya.A. [Червяцова, О.Я., Потапов, С.С., Ракин, В.И., Сергеев, С.Н., Дбар, Р.С., и Экба, Я.А.] (2017) Conditions and morphological features of gypsum crystallization in loose sediments (on the example of the Novoafon cave, Abkhazia) [Условия и морфологические особенности кристаллизации гипса в рыхлых отложениях (на примере Новоафонской пещеры, Абхазия)]. News of the Ural State Mining University [Известия Уральского Государстаенного Горного Университета], 4 (48), 46-51 (in Russian).
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
'Hydrogarnet'
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1361–1370, 2009
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Hydroxyledgrewite (TL)
Formula: Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2012) Edgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4F2-hydroxyledgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2, a new series of calcium humite-group minerals from altered xenoliths in the ignimbrite of Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist: 97: 1998-2006.; Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Pertsev, N.N., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L. (2012) Hydroxyledgrewite, IMA 2011-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 807-817.
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.
Irinarassite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N. and Dzierz˙anowski, P. (2011) Irinarassite, IMA 2010-073. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 292; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Int J Econ & Environ Geology Vol 1(2) pp 25-29
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Parada, S. G., & Stolyarov, V. V. (2012, August). Relation of gold mineralization on the northern flank of the Tyrnyauz deposit to intrusive complexes, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 2, pp. 939-942). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Kerimasite
Formula: Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Killalaite
Formula: Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Reference: T. Armbruster, B. Lazic, I.O. Galuskina, E.V. Galuskin, E. Gnos, K.M. Marzec, V.M. Gazeev (2012): Trabzonite, Ca4[Si3O9(OH)]OH: crystal structure, revised formula, new occurrence and relation to killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 455–472.
Kimzeyite
Formula: Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1361–1370, 2009; Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2010): American Mineralogist 95(7), 959-967.
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'
Reference: Int J Econ & Environ Geology Vol 1(2) pp 25-29
Kumtyubeite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2F2
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Lakargiite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gazeev, V.M., Armbruster, Th., Zadov, A., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Dziercanowski, P., Kadiyski, M., Gurbanov, A., Wrzalik, R., Winiarski, A. (2008): Lakargiite CaZrO3 - a new mineral of the perovskite group from the North Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist, 93, 1903-1910.
Lapieite
Formula: NiCuSbS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy. Vol. 1. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA, 588 pgs.
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
'Limonite'
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Magnesioneptunite (TL)
Formula: KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Zadov, A.E., Gazeev, V.M., Karimova, O.V., Pertsev, K.N., Pekov, I.V., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gurbanov, A.G., Belakovsky, D.I., Borisovsky, S.E., Kartashev, P.M., Ivanova, A.G., Yakubovich, O.V. (2011): Magnesioneptunite KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24 - a new mineral of the neptunite group. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 140(1), 57-66 (in Russian). English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits, 53, 775-782.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Parada, S. G., & Stolyarov, V. V. (2012, August). Relation of gold mineralization on the northern flank of the Tyrnyauz deposit to intrusive complexes, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 2, pp. 939-942). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: extraLapis "Gold" issue, p. 48
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.; A. G. Zhabin, N. S. Samsonova, I. B. Chuchua, V. Z. Yaroshevich, D. V. Arevadze, D. S. Shubitidze (1990) Ore-Bearing Metasomatically Altered Limestones Of The Black Shale Association. International Geology Review 32:1145-1155
Megawite (TL)
Formula: CaSnO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gazeev, V.M., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Bailau, R. & Gurbanov, A.G. (2011): Megawite, CaSnO3: a new perovskite-group mineral from skarns of the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2563-2572.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
'Melnikovite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Merwinite
Formula: Ca3Mg(SiO4)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.; Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.
'Monazite'
Formula: (REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Zadov, A.E., Gazeev, V.M., Karimova, O.V., Pertsev, K.N., Pekov, I.V., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gurbanov, A.G., Belakovsky, D.I., Borisovsky, S.E., Kartashev, P.M., Ivanova, A.G., Yakubovich, O.V. (2011): Magnesioneptunite KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24 - a new mineral of the neptunite group. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 140(1), 57-66 (in Russian). English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits, 53, 775-782.
'Niobium'
Formula: Nb
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Pavlovskyite (TL)
Formula: Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Savelyeva, V.B., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Galuskina, I.O., Többens, D.M., Zadov, A.E., Dzierżanowski, P., Pertsev, N.N., M. Gazeev, V.M. (2012): Pavlovskyite Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10) - a new mineral of altered silicate-carbonate xenoliths from the two Russian type localities: Birkhin massif, Baikal Lake area and Upper Chegem caldera, North Caucasus. American Mineralogist, 97, 503-512.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: A. E. Zadov data;
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.; Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Plombièrite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Pyrite var. Bravoite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Pyrite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Pyrrhotite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Co)7S8
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Pyrrhotite var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.; Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Reinhardbraunsite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Parada, S. G., & Stolyarov, V. V. (2012, August). Relation of gold mineralization on the northern flank of the Tyrnyauz deposit to intrusive complexes, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 2, pp. 939-942). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Rondorfite
Formula: Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Rorisite
Formula: CaFCl
Description: Solid formed in fluid inclusion in fluorite
Reference: I. V. Kulikov, V. E. Devyatov, and A. V. Gromov (1982): A new natural compound-calcium fluoride-chloride. Izvest. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geol. Razved., 25, 120-122 (in Russian). [abs. in Am. Mineral. 68 (1983), http://rruff.info/rruff_1.0/uploads/AM68_642.pdf]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rusinovite (TL)
Formula: Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Reference: Galuskin, Evgeny V.; Galuskina, Irina O.; Lazic, Biljana; Armbruster, Thomas; Zadov, Aleksandr E.; Krzykawski, Tomasz; Banasik, Kamila; Gazeev, Viktor M.; and Pertsev, Nikolai N. (2011) Rusinovite, Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2: a new skarn mineral from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 837-844.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Sartorite
Formula: PbAs2S4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
'Saussurite'
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: New Minerals (1938) American Mineralogist. 23:468
Sharyginite
Formula: Ca3TiFe2O8
Reference: Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Galuskina, I., Krüger, B., Jeżak, L., Ternes, B., Wojdyla, J., Krzykawski, T., Pautov, L., Galuskin, E. (2018): Sharyginite, Ca3TiFe2O8, A New Mineral from the Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals: 8: 308.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Smirnite
Formula: Bi2Te4+O5
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Sphalerite var. Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Srebrodolskite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2O5
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.
Sturmanite
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Sulphotsumoite
Formula: Bi3Te2S
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
'Synchysite'
Formula: Ca(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Tazheranite
Formula: (Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Reference: Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Int J Econ & Environ Geology Vol 1(2) pp 25-29
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Bindi, L., & Cipriani, C. (2003). Plumbian baksanite from the Tyrnyauz W–Mo deposit, Baksan River valley, northern Caucasus, Russian Federation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1475-1479.; Parada, S. G., & Stolyarov, V. V. (2012, August). Relation of gold mineralization on the northern flank of the Tyrnyauz deposit to intrusive complexes, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 2, pp. 939-942). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Gigiadze, G.B., Guniava, V.D., Mozgova, N.N., Tsepin, A.I., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1984): On the first occurrence of chlorosulfosalts in the U.S.S.R. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 277: 1464-1467 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, F., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1281
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Toturite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
Trabzonite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: T. Armbruster, B. Lazic, I.O. Galuskina, E.V. Galuskin, E. Gnos, K.M. Marzec, V.M. Gazeev (2012): Trabzonite, Ca4[Si3O9(OH)]OH: crystal structure, revised formula, new occurrence and relation to killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 455–472.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Tvalchrelidzeite (TL)
Formula: Hg3SbAsS3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy. Vol. 1. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA, 588 pgs (lapieite).
'UM1984-27-S:ClPbSb'
Formula: Pb2SbS3Cl
Reference: Gigiadze, G.B., Guniava, V.D., Mozgova, N.N., Tsepin, A.I., Borodaev, Yu.S. (1984): On the first occurrence of chlorosulfosalts in the U.S.S.R. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 277: 1464-1467 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, F., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1281
'Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)'
Formula: Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
'Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)'
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Am.Min. 94,1361(2009)
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)'
Formula: Pb5Bi2S8
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)'
Formula: Pb4Bi2S7
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.
Usturite (TL)
Formula: Ca3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Reference: Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2010): American Mineralogist 95(7), 959-967.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Int J Econ & Environ Geology Vol 1(2) pp 25-29
Vorlanite (TL)
Formula: Ca(U6+)O4
Reference: Galuskin, E. V., Armbruster, T., Galuskina, I. O., Lazic, B., Winiarski, A., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Janeczek, J. (2011). Vorlanite (CaU6+) O4—A new mineral from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 96(1), 188-196.
Wadalite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Wakabayashilite
Formula: [(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Reference: Am Min 90:1108-1114
Weibullite
Formula: Pb5Bi8Se7S11
Reference: Groznova, E.O., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Kovalenker, V.A., Davydov, K.V., Bitarov, V.T., and Razin, M.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 108-133.; Groznova et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp72-79
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Groth (1891) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Kristallgeometrie, Kristallphysik, Kristallchemie (1891): 18: 631; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Zeophyllite
Formula: Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Reference: A. E. Zadov data
Zharchikhite
Formula: AlF(OH)2
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy. Vol. 1. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA, 588 pgs (lapieite).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Gurbanov, A.G., Bogatikov, O.A., Dokuchaev, A.Y., Gazeev, V.M., Abramov, S.S., Groznova, E.O., and Shevchenko, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 199-217.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Zinc1.AB.05Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aktashite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Bursaite'2.JB.40aPb5Bi4S11 (?)
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Freibergite Subgroup'2.GB.05([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. Bismuthiferous Galena2.CD.10(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Lapieite2.GA.25NiCuSbS3
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Bravoite2.EB.05a(Fe,Ni)S2
var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Co)7S8
var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sartorite2.HC.05aPbAs2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sulphotsumoite2.DC.05Bi3Te2S
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Tvalchrelidzeite (TL)2.GC.45Hg3SbAsS3
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wakabayashilite2.FA.40[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Weibullite2.JB.25hPb5Bi8Se7S11
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Rorisite3.DC.25CaFCl
Zharchikhite3.AC.05AlF(OH)2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bitikleite (TL)4.CC.Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lakargiite (TL)4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Megawite (TL)4.CC.30CaSnO3
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Smirnite4.JK.40Bi2Te4+O5
Srebrodolskite4.AC.10Ca2Fe3+2O5
Tazheranite4.DL.10(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Sturmanite7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Aklimaite (TL)9.H0.Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bredigite9.AD.20Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Calcio-olivine (TL)9.AD.10Ca2SiO4
Chegemite (TL)9.AF.Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Chlorellestadite (TL)9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dovyrenite9.BE.23Ca6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Edgrewite (TL)9.AG.Ca9(SiO4)4F2
Eltyubyuite (TL)9.AD.25Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
'Gismondine'9..
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hillebrandite9.DG.40Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Hydroxylellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kerimasite9.AD.25Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Killalaite9.BE.85Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Kimzeyite9.AD.25Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Kumtyubeite (TL)9.AF.45Ca5(SiO4)2F2
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Magnesioneptunite (TL)9.EH.05KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Merwinite9.AD.15Ca3Mg(SiO4)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Plombièrite9.DG.08[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
Reinhardbraunsite9.AF.45Ca5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Rondorfite9.AB.20Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Spurrite9.AH.15Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Toturite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Trabzonite9.BJ.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
'Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)'9.AF.50Ca7(SiO4)4F2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wadalite9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zeophyllite9.EE.70Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Adigeite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Bedenite'-
'Beegerite'-Pb6Bi2S9
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chegemite–Fluorchegemite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chlorkyuygenite' (TL)-Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Dzhuluite (TL)-Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
Elbrusite (TL)-Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
'Ettringite Group'-
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'-
'var. Knebelite'-from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorchegemite (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3F2
Galuskinite-Ca7(SiO4)3(CO3)
Gazeevite (TL)-BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Grossular-Katoite Series'-
'Hydrogarnet'-
Hydroxyledgrewite (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Irinarassite (TL)-Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melnikovite'-
'Monazite'-(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
'Niobium'-Nb
Pavlovskyite (TL)-Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Rusinovite (TL)-Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sharyginite-Ca3TiFe2O8
'Synchysite'-Ca(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1984-27-S:ClPbSb'-Pb2SbS3Cl
'Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)'-Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)'-Pb5Bi2S8
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)'-Pb4Bi2S7
Usturite (TL)-Ca3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Vorlanite (TL)-Ca(U6+)O4
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Zinc1.1.5.1Zn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Sulphotsumoite2.8.20.2Bi3Te2S
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
Wakabayashilite2.11.4.1[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Freibergite Subgroup'3.3.6.3([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
'Bursaite'3.4.15.2Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Lapieite3.4.4.1NiCuSbS3
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Weibullite3.6.18.1Pb5Bi8Se7S11
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Sartorite3.7.8.1PbAs2S4
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
1 < ø < 2
Tvalchrelidzeite (TL)3.8.3.1Hg3SbAsS3
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Tazheranite4.4.13.1(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO4·xH2O
Vorlanite (TL)5.3.4.Ca(U6+)O4
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Rorisite9.2.11.2CaFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Zharchikhite10.2.8.1AlF(OH)2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Sturmanite32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Smirnite34.1.8.1Bi2Te4+O5
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bredigite51.4.1.1Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kimzeyite51.4.3c.2Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Merwinite51.4.2.1Ca3Mg(SiO4)2
Wadalite51.4.5.1(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Kumtyubeite (TL)52.3.3.4Ca5(SiO4)2F2
Reinhardbraunsite52.3.2b.3Ca5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
'Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)'52.3.4.5Ca7(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Chlorellestadite (TL)52.4.9.5Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Fluorellestadite52.4.9.3Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Hydroxylellestadite52.4.9.4Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (CO3)
Spurrite53.1.1.1Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Killalaite56.2.9.2Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Trabzonite57.1.3.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Hillebrandite65.2.3.1Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Magnesioneptunite (TL)70.4.1.3KNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Plombièrite72.3.2.3[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Zeophyllite73.1.4.1Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Adigeite'-
Aklimaite (TL)-Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bedenite'-
'Beegerite'-Pb6Bi2S9
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Bitikleite (TL)-Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
Calcio-olivine (TL)-Ca2SiO4
Chegemite (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
'Chegemite–Fluorchegemite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chlorkyuygenite' (FRL)-Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Dovyrenite-Ca6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Dzhuluite (TL)-Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
Edgrewite (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4F2
Elbrusite (TL)-Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
Eltyubyuite (TL)-Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
'Ettringite Group'-
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'-
'var. Knebelite'-from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorchegemite (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3F2
Galena
var. Bismuthiferous Galena
-(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Galuskinite-Ca7(SiO4)3(CO3)
Gazeevite (TL)-BaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Grossular-Katoite Series'-
'Hydrogarnet'-
Hydroxyledgrewite (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Irinarassite (TL)-Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kerimasite-Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'-
Lakargiite (TL)-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
Megawite (TL)-CaSnO3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melnikovite'-
'Monazite'-(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Niobium'-Nb
Pavlovskyite (TL)-Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Pyrite
var. Bravoite
-(Fe,Ni)S2
var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite-(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite
var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite
-(Fe,Co)7S8
var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite-(Fe,Ni)7S8
Quartz
var. Chalcedony
-SiO2
Rondorfite-Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Rusinovite (TL)-Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sharyginite-Ca3TiFe2O8
Siderite
var. Manganese-bearing Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
Sphalerite
var. Cleiophane
-ZnS
Srebrodolskite-Ca2Fe3+2O5
'Synchysite'-Ca(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Toturite (TL)-Ca3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1984-27-S:ClPbSb'-Pb2SbS3Cl
'Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)'-Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)'-Pb5Bi2S8
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)'-Pb4Bi2S7
Usturite (TL)-Ca3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
H HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
H AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
H HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
H TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
H KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
H ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
LiLithium
Li MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Li Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
BBoron
B SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
C SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
C GaluskiniteCa7(SiO4)3(CO3)
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C CerussitePbCO3
C Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite(Fe,Mn)CO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O GazeeviteBaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
O ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
O VorlaniteCa(U6+)O4
O UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
O IrinarassiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
O MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
O RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
O Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
O ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O MegawiteCaSnO3
O ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
O DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
O KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
O ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
O BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
O PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
O HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
O EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
O LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
O FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
O ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
O AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O QuartzSiO2
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
O SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
O Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
O RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
O HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
O GaluskiniteCa7(SiO4)3(CO3)
O HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
O Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O SharyginiteCa3TiFe2O8
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PericlaseMgO
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
O KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
O Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
O TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
O KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelitefrom (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CerussitePbCO3
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
O Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite(Fe,Mn)CO3
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
O BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
O ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
FFluorine
F KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
F EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
F FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
F Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
F RorisiteCaFCl
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
F ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2
NaSodium
Na MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Mg RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
Mg BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al IrinarassiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Al ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Al BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Al ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si GazeeviteBaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Si ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Si IrinarassiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Si MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Si RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Si Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
Si ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Si KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
Si PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Si HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
Si EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Si FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
Si ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
Si Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Si RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Si HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Si KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Si GaluskiniteCa7(SiO4)3(CO3)
Si HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Si DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Si KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Si Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
Si TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Si KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelitefrom (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
Si BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
SSulfur
S TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
S GazeeviteBaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
S ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S AlabanditeMnS
S TungsteniteWS2
S SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S CinnabarHgS
S Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BaryteBaSO4
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Sphalerite var. CleiophaneZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
S WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S BeegeritePb6Bi2S9
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S Galena var. Bismuthiferous Galena(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
S Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
S Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)Pb5Bi2S8
S Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)Pb4Bi2S7
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S UM1984-27-S:ClPbSbPb2SbS3Cl
S Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C22+)Sb4S12S0-1
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
S FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Pyrite var. Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S Pyrite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite(Fe,Co)S2
S MilleriteNiS
S Pyrrhotite var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Ni)7S8
S Pyrrhotite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Co)7S8
S CovelliteCuS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S LapieiteNiCuSbS3
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S SartoritePbAs2S4
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Cl RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Cl ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Cl EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Cl Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Cl RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl RorisiteCaFCl
Cl UM1984-27-S:ClPbSbPb2SbS3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca GazeeviteBaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Ca ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Ca VorlaniteCa(U6+)O4
Ca UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Ca IrinarassiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Ca RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Ca Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
Ca ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca MegawiteCaSnO3
Ca ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Ca DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Ca KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
Ca ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Ca BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Ca PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Ca HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Ca EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
Ca EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Ca LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ca FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
Ca ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Ca AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4 · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
Ca SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
Ca Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Ca RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Ca HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Ca GaluskiniteCa7(SiO4)3(CO3)
Ca HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Ca Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca SharyginiteCa3TiFe2O8
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Ca Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 5H2O)
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Ca KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Ca Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
Ca TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Ca KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Ca RorisiteCaFCl
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
Ca BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti MagnesioneptuniteKNa2Li(Mg,Fe)2Ti2Si8O24
Ti LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Ti SharyginiteCa3TiFe2O8
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelitefrom (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Mn Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite(Fe,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Fe ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Fe DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Fe ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Fe EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
Fe Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Fe KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe SharyginiteCa3TiFe2O8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Fayalite-Tephroite Series var. Knebelitefrom (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Pyrite var. Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Pyrite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite(Fe,Co)S2
Fe Pyrrhotite var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Ni)7S8
Fe Pyrrhotite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Co)7S8
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Pyrite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrite(Fe,Co)S2
Co Pyrrhotite var. Cobalt-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Co)7S8
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pyrite var. Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Pyrrhotite var. Nickel-bearing Pyrrhotite(Fe,Ni)7S8
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni LapieiteNiCuSbS3
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu AuricuprideCu3Au
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Cu Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C22+)Sb4S12S0-1
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu LapieiteNiCuSbS3
Cu Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ZincZn
Zn Sphalerite var. CleiophaneZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SartoritePbAs2S4
SeSelenium
Se WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
YYttrium
Y SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
ZrZirconium
Zr UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Zr ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Zr LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Zr KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Zr Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Zr DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
Zr KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb NiobiumNb
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag Galena var. Bismuthiferous Galena(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Ag Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C22+)Sb4S12S0-1
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
SnTin
Sn IrinarassiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(AlO4)2
Sn ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Sn MegawiteCaSnO3
Sn DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Sn BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Sn LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
Sb UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3
Sb DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Sb BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb UM1984-27-S:ClPbSbPb2SbS3Cl
Sb Freibergite Subgroup([Ag6]4+,((Cu,Ag)4 C22+)Sb4S12S0-1
Sb AntimonySb
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb LapieiteNiCuSbS3
Sb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
TeTellurium
Te TsumoiteBiTe
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
BaBarium
Ba GazeeviteBaCa6(SiO4)2(SO4)2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
LaLanthanum
La Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Ce SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Nd SynchysiteCa(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)2F
SmSamarium
Sm Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
GdGadolinium
Gd Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W TungsteniteWS2
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au AuricuprideCu3Au
Au Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
HgMercury
Hg TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Pb BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
Pb WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb BeegeritePb6Bi2S9
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb Galena var. Bismuthiferous Galena(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Pb Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)Pb5Bi2S8
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)Pb4Bi2S7
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb UM1984-27-S:ClPbSbPb2SbS3Cl
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb SartoritePbAs2S4
BiBismuth
Bi TsumoiteBiTe
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi BismuthBi
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi BursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
Bi WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi BeegeritePb6Bi2S9
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi Galena var. Bismuthiferous Galena(Pb,Bi,Ag)S
Bi Unnamed (Ag-Pb-Bi Sulphosalt)Ag3Pb8Bi11S26
Bi Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt I)Pb5Bi2S8
Bi Unnamed (Pb-Bi Sulphosalt II)Pb4Bi2S7
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
UUranium
U VorlaniteCa(U6+)O4
U ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12

Fossils

There are 160 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences2113
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed365 Ma (Late Devonian)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 34 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Acaeniotyle
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Parvivaccidae : Acaeniotyle113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Cavaspongia
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Cavaspongiidae : Cavaspongia93.9 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Phaseliforma
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Phaseliformidae : Phaseliforma100.5 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Spongopyle
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Spongodiscidae : Spongopyle100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Archaeodictyomitra
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Archaeodictyomitra113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Crolanium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Xitidae : Crolanium113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Diacanthocapsa
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Carpocaniidae : Diacanthocapsa113 - 89.8 Ma
Cretaceous
Dictyomitra
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Archaeodictyomitridae : Dictyomitra93.9 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pseudodictyomitra
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Pseudodictyomitridae : Pseudodictyomitra113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Gavelinella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Gavelinellidae : Gavelinella100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Globotruncana
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globotruncanidae : Globotruncana93.9 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Guembelitria
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Guembelitriidae : Guembelitria100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Gyroidinoides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Gavelinellidae : Gyroidinoides100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Hedbergella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Hedbergellidae : Hedbergella100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Stensioeina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cancrisidae : Stensioeina93.9 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Valvulineria
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cancrisidae : Valvulineria100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Actinostromaria
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongiae : Axinellida : Actinostromariidae : Actinostromaria132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Chaetetopsis
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongea : Tabulospongida : Chaetetopsis132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hodsia
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Hexactinellida : Hodsia228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Sestrostomella
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongiae : Agelasida : Sestrostomellidae : Sestrostomella228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Amblysiphonella
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Hexactinellida : Sebargasiidae : Amblysiphonella228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Discosiphonella
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongea : Agelasida : Sebargasiidae : Discosiphonella228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Sahraja
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongea : Agelasida : Solenolmiidae : Sahraja228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Astrocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Astrocoeniidae : Astrocoenia93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Calamophylliopsis
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Calamophylliopsis161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Cryptocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Cryptocoenia166.1 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Cyathophora
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Cyathophora161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Diplocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Diplocoenia132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Epistreptophyllum
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Epistreptophyllum161.2 - 129.4 Ma
Mesozoic
Eugyra
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Eugyra132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lochmaeosmilia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Lochmaeosmilia166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Meandrophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Haplaraeidae : Meandrophyllia93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Microphyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Microphyllia161.2 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Microsolena
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Microsolena161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Paretallonia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Acroporidae : Paretallonia166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Stylina
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Stylosmilia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylosmilia132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Thamnasteria
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Thamnasteriidae : Thamnasteria166.1 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Thamnoseris
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Thamnoseris161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Thecosmilia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Thecosmilia161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Tricassastraea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Isastreidae : Tricassastraea132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Gastropoda
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Neilsonia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Gosseletinidae : Neilsonia254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Jeffreysina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Rissoellidae : Jeffreysina23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Onoba
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Rissoidae : Onoba23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Bittium (Semibittium)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Cerithiidae : Bittium : Bittium (Semibittium)23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Thericium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Campanilidae : Thericium23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Favriella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Raphitomidae : Favriella145 - 139.8 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Paronaella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Angulobracchiidae : Paronaella100.5 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pseudorthoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Pseudorthoceratidae : Pseudorthoceras254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Pseudotemnocheilus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Tainoceratidae : Pseudotemnocheilus254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Kalloclymenia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Gonioclymeniidae : Kalloclymenia364.7 - 360.7 Ma
Late Devonian
Mimimitoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Prionoceratidae : Mimimitoceras364.7 - 360.7 Ma
Late Devonian
Neocrimites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Adrianitidae : Neocrimites254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Clionitites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Clionititidae : Clionitites232 - 221.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Flemingites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Flemingitidae : Flemingites251.3 - 247.2 Ma
Early Triassic
Gymnites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Gymnitidae : Gymnites247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Megaphyllites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Megaphyllitidae : Megaphyllites247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Arcestes (Pararcestes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ceratitida : Arcestidae : Arcestes : Arcestes (Pararcestes)237 - 228 Ma
Late Triassic
Psilocladiscites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Cladiscitidae : Psilocladiscites247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Sageceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Sageceratidae : Sageceras247.2 - 242 Ma
Triassic
Ammonoidea
order
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea152.1 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Acanthohoplites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Deshayesitidae : Acanthohoplites125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Acrioceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Acrioceras132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Australiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Australiceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cheloniceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Douvilleiceratidae : Cheloniceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Colchidites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Colchidites129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Colombiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Deshayesitidae : Colombiceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Macroscaphites (Costidiscus)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macroscaphitidae : Macroscaphites : Macroscaphites (Costidiscus)125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Crioceratites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Crioceratites132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Deshayesites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Deshayesitidae : Deshayesites125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Diadochoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Parahoplitidae : Diadochoceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Douvilleiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Douvilleiceratidae : Douvilleiceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cheloniceras (Epicheloniceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Douvilleiceratidae : Cheloniceras : Cheloniceras (Epicheloniceras)125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Heteroceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Heteroceratidae : Heteroceras129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Holcodiscus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Holcodiscidae : Holcodiscus129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Kilianella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Neocomitidae : Kilianella139.8 - 132.9 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ancyloceras (Kutatissites)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Ancyloceratidae : Ancyloceras : Ancyloceras (Kutatissites)125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Leopoldia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Neocomitidae : Leopoldia132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Leymeriella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Leymeriellidae : Leymeriella113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Megatyloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Megatyloceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Morphoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Morphoceratidae : Morphoceras167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Neocomites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Neocomitidae : Neocomites139.8 - 132.9 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Olcostephanus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Olcostephanidae : Olcostephanus132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Paracrioceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Paracrioceras129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pseudohaploceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Desmoceratidae : Pseudohaploceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pseudothurmannia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Pseudothurmannia132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ptychoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ptychoceratidae : Ptychoceras125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pulchellia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Pulchellia129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Speetoniceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Speetoniceras132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Spitidiscus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Holcodiscidae : Spitidiscus129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Subpulchellia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Pulchelliidae : Subpulchellia129.4 - 125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Tetragonites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Tetragonitidae : Tetragonites125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Thurmanniceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Neocomitidae : Thurmanniceras139.8 - 132.9 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Tropaeum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ancyloceratidae : Tropaeum125 - 113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Neohibolites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Belemnitida : Belemnopseidae : Neohibolites113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Bivalvia
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Aucellina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Buchiidae : Aucellina113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Chlamys
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Ctenostreon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Ctenostreon152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Lima
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Lima152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Limatula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Limatula152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Monotis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myalinida : Myalinidae : Monotis228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Aulosteges
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Aulostegidae : Aulosteges254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Chonetes
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Chonetidae : Chonetes254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Plicochonetes
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Rugosochonetidae : Plicochonetes254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Productus
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Aulostegidae : Productus254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Pustula
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Echinoconchidae : Pustula254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Strophalosiina
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Aulostegidae : Strophalosiina254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Acanthothiris
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Acanthothirididae : Acanthothiris171.6 - 167.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Euxinella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Wellerellidae : Euxinella228 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Moisseievia
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Wellerellidae : Moisseievia228 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Spiriferina
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Spiriferinida : Spiriferinidae : Spiriferina237 - 228 Ma
Late Triassic
Adygella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Terebratulida : Dielasmatidae : Adygella228 - 201.3 Ma
Mesozoic
Echinoida
order
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Echinoida132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Iguanodontidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Ornithischia : Iguanodontidae145 - 130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Mustela nivalis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Mustelidae : Mustela : Mustela nivalis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Colubrinae
subfamily
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Colubridae : Colubrinae2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Kharthlidelphis
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Remingtonocetidae : Kharthlidelphis28.1 - 23.03 Ma
Cenozoic
Actinastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Astrocoeniidae : Actinastrea132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Phlebopteris
genus
Plantae : Phlebopteris199.3 - 163.5 Ma
Jurassic
Isastrea helianthoides
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Isastrea : Isastrea helianthoides161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Actinaraea granulata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Actinacididae : Actinaraea : Actinaraea granulata161.2 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Heliocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Heliocoenia166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Heliocoenia variabilis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Heliocoenia : Heliocoenia variabilis161.2 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Amphiastrea basaltiformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastraeidae : Amphiastrea : Amphiastrea basaltiformis150.8 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Synastrea agaricites
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Synastraeidae : Synastrea : Synastrea agaricites93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Heliastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Dipsastraea93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Solenocoenia semiradiata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Solenocoeniidae : Solenocoenia : Solenocoenia semiradiata161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Clausastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Clausastrea166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Zamites
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadales : Zamites168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Equisetum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Equisetales : Equisetaceae : Equisetum168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ginkgo
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Ginkgoopsida : Ginkgoales : Ginkgoaceae : Ginkgo201.3 - 166.1 Ma
Jurassic
Etallonasteria minima
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Acroporidae : Etallonasteria : Etallonasteria minima161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Elatocladus
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Pinales : Podocarpaceae : Elatocladus168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Taxites
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Taxites168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Coniopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Cyatheales : Dicksoniaceae : Coniopteris182.7 - 166.1 Ma
Jurassic
Klukia
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Schizaeales : Klukiaceae : Klukia170.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Hausmannia
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Gleicheniales : Dipteridaceae : Hausmannia199.3 - 170.3 Ma
Jurassic
Cladophlebis
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Osmundales : Osmundaceae : Cladophlebis201.3 - 163.5 Ma
Jurassic
Sphenopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Lyginopteridaceae : Sphenopteris168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Sagenopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Ginkgoopsida : Caytoniaceae : Sagenopteris170.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Pseudocycas
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadales : Pseudocycas168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Taeniopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadales : Crossozamiaceae : Taeniopteris199.3 - 163.5 Ma
Jurassic
Otozamites
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Otozamites168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ptilophyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadales : Ptilophyllum182.7 - 163.5 Ma
Jurassic
Pterophyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Pterophyllum201.3 - 163.5 Ma
Jurassic
Nilssoniopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Nilssoniopteris170.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Williamsonia
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Williamsoniaceae : Williamsonia168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Cycadolepis
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadeoideaceae : Cycadolepis168.3 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Araucarites
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Pinales : Araucariaceae : Araucarites168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Brachyphyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Pinales : Araucariaceae : Brachyphyllum174.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Chaetetidae
family
Animalia : Porifera : Chaetetidae132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pseudoeucyrtis
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Eucyrtidiidae : Pseudoeucyrtis113 - 89.8 Ma
Cretaceous
Archaeospongoprunum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Archaeospongoprunidae : Archaeospongoprunum100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Patellula
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Sponguridae : Patellula100.5 - 89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pseudosubplanites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Neocomitidae : Pseudosubplanites145 - 139.8 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Natrix natrix
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Natricidae : Natrix : Natrix natrix2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Diplodocinae
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Saurischia : Diplodocidae : Diplodocinae161.2 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Obeliscoites
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Obeliscoitidae : Obeliscoites113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Eugyra digitata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Eugyra : Eugyra digitata132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lamellispongia
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Calcarea : Lamellispongia228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Molengraaffia
genus
Animalia : Porifera : Demospongea : Agelasida : Auriculospongiidae : Molengraaffia228 - 208.5 Ma
Late Triassic
Squinabollum
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Syringocapsidae : Squinabollum113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Claraioides
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pterinopectinidae : Claraioides254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Pseudolimea duplicata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Limidae : Pseudolimea : Pseudolimea duplicata152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Savaryella
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Spumellaria : Hagiastridae : Savaryella100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Satapliasaurus tschabukianii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Dinosauria : Satapliasaurus : Satapliasaurus tschabukianii145 - 130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Satapliasaurus dsocenidzei
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Dinosauria : Satapliasaurus : Satapliasaurus dsocenidzei145 - 130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Satapliasaurus kandelakii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Dinosauria : Satapliasaurus : Satapliasaurus kandelakii145 - 130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Bittium (Bittium)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Cerithiidae : Bittium : Bittium (Bittium)23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Martes martes
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Mustelidae : Martes : Martes martes2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Meles meles
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Mustelidae : Meles : Meles meles2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Heliocoenia carpathica
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Heliocoenia : Heliocoenia carpathica161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Eugyra cotteaui
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Eugyra : Eugyra cotteaui132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ellipsocoenia lorioli
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Ellipsocoenia : Ellipsocoenia lorioli132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Microsolena agariciformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Microsolena : Microsolena agariciformis161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Dermoseris schardti
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Dermoseris : Dermoseris schardti161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Stylosmilia corallina
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylosmilia : Stylosmilia corallina161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Trisyringium
genus
Chromista : Radiozoa : Polycystina : Nassellaria : Williriedellidae : Trisyringium113 - 93.9 Ma
Cretaceous
Stylosmilia alpina
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylosmilia : Stylosmilia alpina132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Heliocoenia picteti
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Heliocoenia : Heliocoenia picteti132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cladophyllia rollieri
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Cladophyllia : Cladophyllia rollieri161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Microsolena major
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Microsolena : Microsolena major132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Lochmaeosmilia trapeziformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Lochmaeosmilia : Lochmaeosmilia trapeziformis166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Starostinia giseldonensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Rhipidogyridae : Starostinia : Starostinia giseldonensis152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Dermosmilia fiagdonensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Dermosmilia : Dermosmilia fiagdonensis157.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Cryptocoenia matskevici
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Cryptocoenia : Cryptocoenia matskevici152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Pseudocoenia limbata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Pseudocoenia : Pseudocoenia limbata150.8 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Stylina decipiens
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina : Stylina decipiens161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Stylosmilia michelini
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylosmilia : Stylosmilia michelini161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Goniocora pumila
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Goniocora : Goniocora pumila161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Epistreptophyllum giganteum
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Epistreptophyllum : Epistreptophyllum giganteum150.8 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Thamnasteria concinna
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Thamnasteriidae : Thamnasteria : Thamnasteria concinna161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Solenocoenia sexradiata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Solenocoeniidae : Solenocoenia : Solenocoenia sexradiata161.2 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Calamophylliopsis flabellum
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Calamophylliopsis : Calamophylliopsis flabellum161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Calamophylliopsis stockesi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Calamophylliopsis : Calamophylliopsis stockesi161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Epistreptophyllum bonjouri
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Epistreptophyllum : Epistreptophyllum bonjouri161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Latiphyllia suevica
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Diplocteniopsidae : Latiphyllia : Latiphyllia suevica161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Meandrophyllia corrugata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Haplaraeidae : Meandrophyllia : Meandrophyllia corrugata132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Adelocoenia hexaphyllia
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Adelocoenia : Adelocoenia hexaphyllia161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Diploastrea harrisi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Diploastreidae : Diploastrea : Diploastrea harrisi93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Microsolena exigua
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Microsolena : Microsolena exigua132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Calamophylliopsis etalloni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dermosmiliidae : Calamophylliopsis : Calamophylliopsis etalloni161.2 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Actinaraea tenuis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Actinacididae : Actinaraea : Actinaraea tenuis132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Polyphylloseris convexa
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Polyphylloseris : Polyphylloseris convexa132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pseudomyriophyllia carpathica
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Pseudomyriophyllia : Pseudomyriophyllia carpathica132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Latusastrea exiguis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Heterocoeniidae : Latusastrea : Latusastrea exiguis132.9 - 129.4 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Neocoenia lepida
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Placocoeniidae : Neocoenia : Neocoenia lepida93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Montlivaltia angusticostata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia angusticostata93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Meandrastrea antiqua
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Meandrastrea : Meandrastrea antiqua93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Columastrea striata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Columastreidae : Columastrea : Columastrea striata93.9 - 72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Dimorpharaea koechlini
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Dimorpharaea : Dimorpharaea koechlini161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Chonetella nasuta
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Chonetella : Chonetella nasuta254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Linoproductus lineatus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Linoproductidae : Linoproductus : Linoproductus lineatus254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Transennatia gratiosa
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Transennatia : Transennatia gratiosa254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Asperlinus asperulus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Monticuliferidae : Asperlinus : Asperlinus asperulus254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Echinauris opuntia
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Echinauris : Echinauris opuntia254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Marginifera (Marginifera) typica
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Marginifera : Marginifera (Marginifera) typica254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Notothyris pseudodjoulfensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Terebratulida : Notothyrididae : Notothyris : Notothyris pseudodjoulfensis254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Compressoproductus mongolicus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Monticuliferidae : Compressoproductus : Compressoproductus mongolicus254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Spinomarginifera spinosocostata
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Spinomarginifera : Spinomarginifera spinosocostata254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Spinomarginifera ciliata
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Spinomarginifera : Spinomarginifera ciliata254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Spinomarginifera lopingensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Productellidae : Spinomarginifera : Spinomarginifera lopingensis254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Haydenella kiangsiensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Productida : Monticuliferidae : Haydenella : Haydenella kiangsiensis254.17 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Juresania juresanensis
species