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Rowton meteorite, Wellington, Shropshire, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 52° 46' North , 2° 31' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 52.7666666667, -2.51666666667


Iron, medium octahedrite (IIIAB, Om)
Fell 20 Apr 1876; 3.5 kg


During a rain, rumblings resembling artillery fire accompanied by hissing sounds were heard. An hour later a metallic mass of irregular shape, covered only by a thin fusion crust, was found at a depth of 30 cm in its newly created 'crater.' England's only iron meteorite fall had arrived. Meteoritic iron accompanied by troilite and lesser amounts of graphite were observed shortly thereafter. In a later overview and more detailed description Buchwald described the mass as an irregular low pyramid with fluted regmaglypts — punctured by occasional pits from the ablation of melting troilite nodules during the atmospheric entry. The Fe-Ni metal is present mostly in a mild Widmanstätten framework marked by prominent kamacite lamellae. Taenite and plessite account for ~30 vol% of the meteorite with some accompanying martensite. Accessories include troilite, schreibersite and traces of daubréelite. Both magnetite and wüstite have been found in the fusion crust.

Rowton is the earliest of the 11 recorded IIIAB iron falls. The IIIAB irons represent 27% of all recovered iron meteorites. The main mass (3.1 kg) is at the Natural History Museum in London.

Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

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References

Flight, W. (1882) Report of an Examination of the Meteorites of Cranbourne, in Australia; of Rowton, in Shropshire; and of Middlesbrough, in Yorkshire: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London 173: 885-899. (1 Jan 1882)

Prior, G. T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.

Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.

Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

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