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Gruve 2b Mine, Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 78° 12' 15'' North , 15° 36' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 78.20438,15.60258
GeoHash:G#: umghgh9mw
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Name(s) in local language(s): Gruve 2b («Julenissegruva»)


An abandoned coalmine located on the slope of Mt. Gruvefjellet, above Nybyen in Longyeardalen, Longyearbyen. It was in operation 1913–1964. Today it is a heritage site. It's popularily called among ther residents as "Julenissegruva" (The Santa Mine); the children in Longyearbyen are told that Santa resides in this mine. Every Christmas they write their wish list for Santa and put them in a mailbox on the road below the mine.
Under the World War 2, on 8. sept 1942, the mine was shot to fire and heavily burned when the battleship Scharnhorst and two German destroyers attacked and bombed Longyearbyen.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


1 valid mineral.

Detailed Mineral List:

'commodity:Coal'
Reference:  
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-6522

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Eocene - Paleocene
33.9 - 66 Ma



ID: 3189831
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleogene (33.9 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone-carbonate-sandstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleocene
56 - 66 Ma



ID: 3162708
Palaeocene claystone

Age: Paleocene (56 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{siltstone,sandstone,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 640660
Sedimentary; Slope and deep water

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Description: Arctic-North Atlantic region, Svalbard, Barents Shelf

Comments: Continental shelf; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Shale, chert, iron-formation, greywacke, turbidite, argillaceous limestone, matrix-supported conglomerate

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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