|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||78° 12' 15'' North , 15° 36' 9'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||78.20438,15.60258|
|Köppen climate type:||ET : Tundra|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Gruve 2b («Julenissegruva»)|
An abandoned coalmine located on the slope of Mt. Gruvefjellet, above Nybyen in Longyeardalen, Longyearbyen. It was in operation 1913–1964. Today it is a heritage site. It's popularily called among ther residents as "Julenissegruva" (The Santa Mine); the children in Longyearbyen are told that Santa resides in this mine. Every Christmas they write their wish list for Santa and put them in a mailbox on the road below the mine.
Under the World War 2, on 8. sept 1942, the mine was shot to fire and heavily burned when the battleship Scharnhorst and two German destroyers attacked and bombed Longyearbyen.
Select Mineral List TypeStandard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements
Commodity ListThis is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.
1 valid mineral.
Detailed Mineral List:
| ⓘ 'commodity:Coal'|
| ⓘ Gypsum|
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-6522
List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification
|Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates|
|ⓘ||'Gypsum'||7.CD.40||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification
|Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES|
|ⓘ||Gypsum||126.96.36.199||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
List of minerals for each chemical element
|H||ⓘ Gypsum||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
|O||ⓘ Gypsum||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
|S||ⓘ Gypsum||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
|Ca||ⓘ Gypsum||CaSO4 · 2H2O|
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Eocene - Paleocene|
33.9 - 66 Ma
|Cenozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Paleogene (33.9 - 66 Ma)
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. 
56 - 66 Ma
100.5 - 145 Ma
|Sedimentary; Slope and deep water|
Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)
Description: Arctic-North Atlantic region, Svalbard, Barents Shelf
Comments: Continental shelf; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08
Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A.