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Iron Crag, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Iron Crag- not defined -
Roughton GillGroup of Mines (Abandoned)
CaldbeckCivil Parish
AllerdaleDistrict
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCounty

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 41' 52'' North , 3° 4' 42'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.69792,-3.07851
GeoHash:G#: gctz1vqq3
UK National Grid Reference:NY305342
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


Exposure high on Iron Crag to the west of Blea Ghyll.

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 313 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 410 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Amber Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 228 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: BM(NH):XRD
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: M.Rothwell:EDAX
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: M.Rothwell:EDAX
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Peter Haas collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "'a pocket lined with well-grown pyramids upwards of three inches [7.5cm] wide' in a vein outcrop 'high up in Iron Crags' (Day, 1928: 77)."
Reference: Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cryptomelane'4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidocrocite'4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Plumbojarosite'7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Wulfenite'7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Corkite'8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Hinsdalite'8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Plumbogummite'8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Silurian - Ordovician
419.2 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2032137
Unnamed Igneous Intrusion, Ordovician To Silurian

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic-rock

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Ordovician
470 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3157764
Early Ordovician limestone

Age: Early Ordovician (470 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.


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