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Pefka mine, Pefka, Alexandroupoli, Evros, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Pefka mineMine
Pefka- not defined -
AlexandroupoliMunicipality
EvrosRegional Unit
East Macedonia and ThraceAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° North , 25° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~9km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Epithermal high-sulfidation type gold mineralisation hosted in felsic volcanic vocks (dacites, rhyodacites).

Located on the southeastern slope of of Koukkos Hill, about 1 km north of Pefka village and approximately 10 km northeast of Alexandroupoli.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhodope Mts, Bulgaria/GreeceMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Michael, C. (2004): Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull. Geol. Soc. Greece, 36, 353-365.; Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Stibiocolusite
Formula: Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Reference: Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Watanabeite
Formula: Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Reference: Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05Cu10Te4S13
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiocolusite2.CB.30Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Tellurantimony2.DC.05Sb2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Watanabeite2.GC.15Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'-
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tellurantimony2.11.7.3Sb2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Stibiocolusite3.1.1.4Cu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6Cu10Te4S13
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Watanabeite3.5.15.1Cu4(As,Sb)2S5
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'-
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
SSulfur
S WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S PyriteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
S StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Cu StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
AgSilver
Ag EmpressiteAgTe
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
SnTin
Sn StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
SbAntimony
Sb WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
Sb TellurantimonySb2Te3
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te TellurantimonySb2Te3
Te EmpressiteAgTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te AltaitePbTe
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Te TelluriumTe
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Michael, C., Constantinides, D., Ashworth, K., Peridikatsis, V. (1989): The polymetallic mineralization of the Pefka area, Evros country, Greece. Geol. Rhodopica, 1, 366–373.
Dimou, E., Michael, C. & Serment, R. (1994): Mineralogical composition of epithermal polymetallic mineralization at Pefka, Rhodope. Bull. Geol. Soc. Greece, 30, 553–550 (in Greek).
Michael, C. (2004): Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull. Geol. Soc. Greece, 36, 353–365.
Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.


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