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Willis Mountain Mine, Sprouses Corner, Farmville District, Buckingham Co., Virginia, USAi
Regional Level Types
Willis Mountain MineMine
Sprouses Corner- not defined -
Farmville DistrictMining District
Buckingham Co.County
VirginiaState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by The Gem & Mineral Society of Lynchburg
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 28' 45'' North , 78° 27' 50'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Dillwyn444 (2017)7.1km
Cumberland393 (2011)19.4km
Farmville8,169 (2017)20.7km
Hampden Sydney1,450 (2011)26.3km
Yogaville226 (2011)27.8km


A kyanite mine located near Sprouses Corner.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Southeastern Geology 28(2),81-86(1987); Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Kearns, Lance E., Virginia Minerals 39(3), 23(1993)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.; Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Southeastern Geology 28(2),81-86(1987)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60: 166.
Trolleite
Formula: Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Habit: masses to 1.25"
Reference: Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Virginia Minerals, 32(1),11(1986)
'Turgite'
Reference: Mike Dennis
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Southeastern Geology 28(2),81-86(1987)
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Reference: XRD by Dr. Lance Kearns in 2010. See image previously supplied.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Trolleite8.BB.45Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Trolleite41.11.1.1Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
AlAluminium
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
251.902 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3190741
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (251.902 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Piedmont

Lithology: Felsic paragneiss; amphibolite grade paragneiss/metavolcanic gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3021558
Arvonia Formation - Kyanite quartzite and schist

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Arvonia Formation

Description: White to light-gray, medium- to coarse-grained, well-foliated, locally crinkle-folded, quartzose kyanite schist and kyanite-bearing quartzite. Mineralogy: kyanite + quartz + muscovite ± graphite ± pyrite ± garnet; kyanite constitutes as much as 30 percent of the rock. Kyanite-bearing quartzites and schists have been correlated with quartzose muscovite schists that occur locally at the base of the Arvonia Formation (Conley and Marr, 1980). Those workers report primary sedimentary structures in kyanite quartzite including wedge-shaped quartzite layers and quartzite-metapelite couplets; fining-upward sequences; channel fillings; and, large-and small-scale cross-beds.

Comments: Central Virginia Volcanic-Plutonic Belt Original map source: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{quartzite,schist}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Espenshade, G. H., And Potter, D. B. (1960), Kyanite, Sillimanite, And Andalusite Deposits Of The Southeastern States: U.s. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 336., 121 P.
Johnson, S.s. (1967), Virginia's Contribution To The Kyanite-mullite Industry.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 166.
Giannini, W.F., Penick, D.A., Jr. & Fordham, O.M., Jr. (1986), Virginia Minerals, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources: 32(1): 11.
Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr. (1987), Southeastern Geology: 28(2): 81-86.
Dietrich, R. V. (1990), Minerals of Virginia.
Kearns, Lance E. (1993), Virginia Minerals, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources: 39(3): 23.


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