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Steinbach meteorite, Schönheide, Eibenstock, Erzgebirge District, Saxony, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Steinbach meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Schönheide- not defined -
Eibenstock- not defined -
Erzgebirge DistrictDistrict
SaxonyState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 30' North , 12° 30' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteoritical Society Class:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Schönheide5,310 (2015)1.6km
Stützengrün3,900 (2015)4.4km
Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz893 (2015)6.0km
Rodewisch7,577 (2015)7.0km
Eibenstock6,706 (2015)7.1km
Name(s) in local language(s):
, Erzgebirge, Sachsen, Deutschland


Iron meteorite w. silicate inclusions (IVA-an)
Find 1724, 98 kg

The Steinbach mass may be associated with an observed fall of either 1164 or circa 1545, but the records are not adequate to establish a clear date of fall. With approximately equal mass of Fe-Ni metal and silicates (i.e., ~ 70 vol% silicate) Steinbach has long been characterized as a 'stony-iron'. However, as the composition of the Fe-Ni metal is that of a IVA iron the meteorite is now formally classified as a IVA iron with silicate inclusions. The mineralogy includes the primary expected phases for an iron meteorite (kamacite, taenite, schreibersite, and troilite), minor oxides and sulfides often found in reduced stony and iron meteorites, and an unusual silicate assemblage consisting of tridymite and at least two mildly variable, magnesian pyroxenes (Fs14-20; Wo≤1).

Steinbach was the first recovered and the 11th most massive of the 79 IVA irons which have been listed with the Meteoritical Bulletin Data base [early 2015]. In addition to its silicate inclusions, its Fe-Ni metal is also somewhat unusual and is one of only 6 'anomalous' IVA irons.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Bohemian MassifMassif
Erzgebirge / Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts), Germany & Czech RepublicMining District

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.; Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.; Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages. ; Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.; Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.; Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.; Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Iron-Fe
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
SiSilicon
Si TridymiteSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
FeIron
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Late Carboniferous
251.902 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3146882
Late Carboniferous granite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Guadalupian - Late Carboniferous
259.1 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2606486

Age: Paleozoic (259.1 - 323.2 Ma)

Description: plutonic

Comments: Early Variscan granitoids, postasturisch

Lithology: Granite, granodiorite

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3191030
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Prior, G. T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Reid, A. M., Williams, R. J. & Takeda, H. (1973) Coexisting bronzite and clinobronzite in the Steinbach meteorite. Meteoritics 8: page 66.
Ulff-Moller, F., Kallemeyn, G. W. & Rasmussen, K. L. (1992) The IVA Parent Body: Evidence from Silicate-Bearing Group IVA Iron Meteorites: Meteoritics 27(3): p. 301.
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.
Wasson, J.T., Richardson, J.W., 2001. Fractionation trends among IVA iron meteorites: contrasts with IIIAB trends. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 65, 951–970. (March 2001)
Ruzicka, A. & Hutson, M. (2006) Differentiation and evolution of the IVA meteorite parent body: Clues from pyroxene geochemistry in the Steinbach stony-iron meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(12): 1959-1987. (Dec 2006)

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