SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Bitburg meteorite, Albacher Mühle, Bitburg-Prüm, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Bitburg meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Albacher Mühle- not defined -
Bitburg-PrümDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
49° 58' 23'' North , 6° 33' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteoritical Society Class:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hüttingen109 (2015)1.9km
Metterich469 (2017)2.2km
Bitburg12,908 (2015)2.4km
Gondorf301 (2011)4.1km
Röhl449 (2011)4.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Bitburger Meteorit, Albacher Mühle, Bitburg, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Iron meteorite w. silicate inclusions (IAB complex, Of)
Find 1805, 1.5 tons

After the Bitburg meteorite was brought to the attention of the scientific community much of it was irremediably lost for scientific purposes as the main mass was first smelted and then quickly cooled. Most surviving fragments now consist of meteoritic iron (~12% Ni) with abundant martensite, dispersed sulfides, and phosphides droplets, and small empty cavities largely replacing the previous well defined octahedral structure. In addition, some attendant silicates, including olivine, lead to an early classification as a pallasite. However, a small unmelted fragment was analyzed thoroughly after World War II (Rambaldi et al., 1974). This small but well-preserved sample revealed an excellent Widmanstätten pattern with associated plessite and troilite and allowed Bitburg's classification as a member of the IAB iron complex. In addition, well-preserved magnesian olivine and pyroxenes, albitic plagioclase (oligoclase), graphite, and other accessory phases made it clear that Bitburg is another instance of an 'Iron with silicate inclusions.' The sample was too small for modal analysis.

IAB irons represent about 25% of all iron meteorites. There has been some discussion as to whether the IAB complex is a properly defined group (Goldstein et al., 2009). It is unfortunate that this large mass — which might have provided some detailed and unique information on this intriguing problematic of iron meteorite classification— was so poorly preserved by its early curators.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Composition Fa 11-21
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
'Feldspar Group'
Description: Plagioclase feldspar (Ab87.2Or3.9An11) has a somewhat larger orthoclase component than most meteoritic plagioclase; sometimes zoned.
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: "microstructure is that of a rapidly solidified iron-nickel alloy…"
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Composition (Fs7.1Wo8.8)
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
'Plessite'
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E. & Wasson, J. T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 39 (305): 595-600. (March 1974)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
NaSodium
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
MgMagnesium
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
PPhosphorus
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
CaCalcium
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe Iron (var: Martensite)Fe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ladinian - Anisian
237 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 2620567

Age: Middle Triassic (237 - 247.2 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Lithology: Limestone, marlstone, dolostone, claystone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Middle Triassic
237 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 3160863
Muschelkalk

Age: Middle Triassic (237 - 247.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{dolomite/dolostone}, Minor{marl,sandstone,gypsum, anhydrite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Noeggerath, J.J. and Bischof, G. (1825) Ueber die grösste gediegene Eisenmasse meteorischen Ursprungs von Bitburg. Schweigger's Jahrbuch der Chemie und Physik, 13, 1-20.
Noeggerath, J.J. and Gibbs (1825) Ueber das gediegene Meteoreisen von Bitburg. Schweigger's Jahrbuch der Chemie und Physik, 13, 20-22.
Noeggerath, J.J. (1825) Ueber die sehr kleinen Oktaeder in der Schlacke des ungeschmolzenen Meteoreisens zu Bitburg. Schweigger's Jahrbuch der Chemie und Physik, 13, 23-24.
Chladmi, C.E.F. (1826) Weitere Nachrichten von der Bitburger Gediegen-Eisenmassen von Steininger u. Noeggerath Schweigger's Jahrbuch der Chemie und Physik, 16, 386-396.
Rambaldi, E., Jagoutz, E., and Wasson, J.T. (1974) Bitburg, a group-IB iron meteorite with silicate inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine, 39(305), 595-600.
Buchwald, V.F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pp.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pp.
Goldstein, J.I., Scott, E.R.D., and Chabot, N.L. (2009) Iron meteorites: Crystallization, thermal history, parent bodies, and origin. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, 69(2), 293-325.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Quick NavTopRegions ContainingMineral ListRock TypesRegional GeologyReferencesLinks
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 23, 2019 01:20:45 Page generated: June 19, 2019 14:10:41
Go to top of page